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英文病句急诊室300句之171

chenjie 于2015-05-09发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.   Tell the small children to do the wash before they eat. (x)
      Tell the small children to wash up before they eat. (√)

the warn=the laundry,表“待洗的脏衣服”或“刚洗好的衣服”。do the wash=do the laundry,是“洗衣服”之意,如:I'll have to do the wash tomorrow.(明天我必须洗衣服了.)wash up是“洗手/脸”之意(美式说法)。另外,wash up在英式的说法里则表“洗碗盘”,相当于do the dishes的说法。

2.   You must admit that she is already a washed-out actress.(x)
      You must admit that she is already a washed-up actress.(√)

washed-out表“(衣服)褪色的”.如:Never wear those washed-out clothes again.(不要再穿那些褪色的衣服了。)washed-up指“(演员或明星)过气了”。

3.   The authorities should find ways to end the dumping of industrial wastes into rivers. (x)
      The authorities should find ways to end the dumping of industrial waste into rivers.(√)

表“废弃物”时,waste是不可数名词,如:household / industrial / chemical waste就是指“家庭/工业/化学废弃物”。表“浪费”的行为时,经常使用a waste of sth,如:what a waste of time!(多么浪费时间啊!)

4.   Does anyone want a water? (x)
      Does anyone want a drink / glass of water?(√)

water指“生水”成“饮用水”时,均为不可数名词。因此water经常搭配单位使用,如:a gallon / liter of water即是“一加仑/升的水”。但指一大片的“海/水域”,则恒用复数形式waters,如:Our ship is sailing into Caribbean waters.(我们的船正驶进加勒比海域。)

5.   Cutting onions always makes me cry.(x)
      Cutting onions always makes my eyes water.(√)

make sb cry是“使人(伤心)哭泣”之意。难道切洋葱时会让人想起若干伤心往事?因风沙或切洋葱引起某人流眼泪时,须说:make sb's eyes water。另外,make sb's mouth water表“(某食物)令某人想吃而流口水”。

6.   Jennifer is in the lead, with the other runners very behind. (x)
      Jennifer is in the lead, with the other runners way behind.(√)

very不能用来修饰与介词相关的副词,这种情况须用way来修饰,如:way ahead /behind / beyond / over等。

7.   Peter has wealaiess for chocolate.(x)
      Peter has a weakness for chocolate.(√)

表“虚/疲弱”的状态时,weakness为不可数名词,如:the weakness of the dollar就是指“美元的疲弱不振”。表“弱点”或“偏爱”时,weakness是可数名词,如:It's important to know your own strenzaths and weaknesses.‘知道自己的优点和弱点是重要的。)have a weakness for srh用于表达“偏爱某物”, have a soft spot for sb则为“偏担某人”。

8.   Don't wear your welcome. (x)
      Don't wear out your welcome. (√)

wear sth表“穿戴衣物”,如::She's wearing a pink dress to the interview.(她穿一件粉红色的洋装去参加面试。)wear out (sth)表“(因长期使用)磨破某物”,如:My shoes have worn out.(我的鞋子己经磨破了。)wear out sb's welcome为引申的用法。

9.   There will be a range of leisure wears on sale as of tomorrow. (x)
       There will be a range of leisure wear on sale as of tomorrow.(√)

表“衣服”时,wear为不可数名词,如:casual / leisure / sports wear即为“便/休闲/运动服”。另外,表“磨损”时,wear亦为不可数名词,如:He wanted me to check the machines for wear and tear.(他要我检查这些机器的损耗情况。)

10.   Cold weathers will continue through the weekend. (x)
         Cold weather will continue through the weekend.(√)

weather(天气),一般为不可数名词,但in all weather(s) 则兼有单复数的用法,如:Jeff goes out jogging in all weather(s).(杰夫不论天气如何都出去慢跑。)
  

 

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