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英文病句急诊室300句之172

chenjie 于2015-05-10发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.   A motorcycle wove in and out of traffic. (x)
      A motorcycle weaved in and out of traffic.(√)

表“编织”时,weave的一般过去式为wove,过去分词为woven,  如:She sat there and wove a garland.(她坐在那里编花圈。)表“汽/机车的穿梭/蛇行”时,weave的一般过去式及过去分词均为weaved.

2.   He has been lifting weight since he was 17. (x)
      He has been lifting weights since he was 17.(√)

表“重最”或“体重”时,weight是不可数名词,如:The doctor often reminds people to watch their weight.(这位医生时常提醒人们注意自己的体重。)表“重物”时,weight是可数名词,如:Can you pull such a heavy weight?(这么重的东西你拉得动吗?) lifting weights为“举重”的固定说法。

3.   Fruit and vegetables are usually sold in weight. (x)
      Fruit and vegetables are usually sold by weight.(√)

in weight表“某人/物的重量为何”,如:I'm about 70 kilos in weight.(我体重大约70公斤。)by weight表“按重量(来计算价格等)”。

4.   Hans is doing_pretty good at college.(x)
      Hans is doing pretty well at college. (√)

do well是“表现良好/优异”的固定说法,其中的well是副词。严格来说,good只有形容词和名词的用法。do (sb) good意为“(对某人)有好处/用处”,如:I'll go to borrow money, but it won't do any good.(我会去借钱,不过这没什么好处。)

5.   The bus driver must have fallen asleep on the wheel.(x)
      The bus driver must have fallen asleep at I behind the wheel.(√)

wheel可表“车轮”或“方向盘”。at l behind the wheel表“(某人)坐在方向盘后面开车”。on wheels表“装有轮子的”,如:We need to buy a TV table on wheels.(我们需要买一张装有轮子的电视柜。)

6.   "Open widely," said the dentist.(x)
      "Open wide," said the dentist.(√)

wide兼有形容词和副词的用法,均表实际(可见)的“宽敞/大”,如:Leave the door wide open.(让那扇门敞开着。)或如:Tom sat on the sofa, with his legs wide apart.(汤姆坐在沙发上,两腿敞开着。)widely表“广泛/普遍地”,如:The drug is widely used in the treatment of cancer.(这种药被广泛使用在治疗癌症上。

7.   The fans grew wild when Louis scored another goal. (x)
      The fans went wild when Louis scored another goal.(√)

grow wild(副词),表植物“野生”,如:A variety of flowers grow wild on either side of the mountain track.(在这条山路的两旁有形形色色的野生花朵。)go wild(形容词),表人们因兴奋而“沸腾起来”。

8.   The British won on three points. (x)
      The British won by three points. (√)

win on points(不搭配数字),表“取得最/较多的分数获胜”,如:In the playoff the French won on points.(法国队于加时赛中取得较多分获胜。)win by two / three / four points表“以二/-/四分的差距获胜”。

9.   I do hope this meeting will help create a two-win situation for us. (x)
      I do hope this meeting will help create a win-win situation for us.(√)

a win-win situation表“一个大家/双方都赢的局面”,是固定说法。另外,a no-win situation则表“一个怎么样都不讨好/成功的局面”。

10.   Just before I gave a presentation, my boss blinked at me knowingly. (x)
        Just before I gave a presentation, my boss winked at me knowingly.(√)

blink是不自觉的“眨眼”,而wink则是故意“眨眼”以示意。wink亦可作名词用,如:I didn't get a wink of sleep last night.或I didn't sleep a wink last night.(我昨晚没合过一眼。)


 

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