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英文病句急诊室300句之173

chenjie 于2015-05-10发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.   Give your little sister's face a mop, will you? (x)
      Give your little sister's face a wipe, will you? (√)

mop作名词时,是“拖把”,并没有“擦拭”之意。作动词时,mop除可表“拖地板”之外,亦可像wipe用来表“擦拭(脸上的汗水等)”,如:It was so hot that he kept mopping/wiping his face.(天气真热,所以他一直擦拭脸上的汗水。)give sth a wipe表“给某物擦拭一下”,是固定用法。

2.   He is a wise guy, so he can give really good advice.(x)
      He is a wise man, so he can give really good advice.(√)

a wise guy是指“一个自作聪明的人”,为嘲讽的用语。“一个智者”应该说a wise person / man。

3.   We all wish you lucky.(x)
      We all wish you luck.(√)

表“祝福”时,应该用wish sb s中(名词形式)的句型,如:I wish you a happy New Year.(我祝你新年快乐。)

4.   It's a small wonder that you were fired.(x)
      It's small wonder that you were fired.(√)

表“难怪……”的固定说法是:(It's) no/small/little wonder (that)...。但表“惊讶”时,则须用It's a wonder (that)...,如:It's a wonder that nobody got hurt.(居然没人受伤,真是奇迹。)

5.   Proper exercise can sometimes make wonders. (x)
      Proper exercise can sometimes do 1 work wonders.(√)

do / work wonders(恒用复数),表“有意想不到的效果”,是固定用法。

6.   I give you my words that I won't do it again. (x)
      I give you my word that I won't do it again.(√)

表“文字”或“一段谈话”时,word为可数名词,如:Can I have a word with you?(我可否跟你讲几句话?)或如:Tell us in your words what happened.(用你自己的话告诉我们发生了什么事。)表“承诺/保证”或“消息/信息”时,word为不可数名词,如:My friend is a man of his word.(我朋友是个信守承诺的人。)或如:Word of the riot spread quickly.(发生暴动的消息传得很快。)

7.   When you see the general, say a good word for me. (x)
      When you see the general, put in a good word for me.(√)

put in a (good) word for sb表“替某人美言几句”,是固定说法。

8.   If Dad is not at home, he may be still in work.(x)
      If Dad is not at home, he may be still at work.(√)

in work(英式用法),表“就业”,是out of work“失业”的相反情况,如:After she got divorced, she was back in work.(她离婚后又回去就业。)at work表“在上班的地方工作”。另外,in the works表“某事/物正在被计划/发展中”,如:The construction of a new incinerator is in the works.(兴建一座新焚烧炉的工作目前正被筹划中。)

9.   If worse comes to worst, we'll sell our house. (x)
      If worst comes to worst, we'll sell our house.(√)

if (the) worst comes to (the) worst表“如果情况坏到极点”,是固定说法。其中加the的是英式用法。另外,go from bad to wors。表“每况愈下”之意。

10.   Be sure to cover each dish with a plastic wrap. (x)
        Be sure to cover each dish with plastic wrap.(√)

表“包装纸”或“保鲜膜”时,wrap是不可数名词。wrap表“披肩/围巾”时,相当于shawl,是可数名词。另外,wrapper表已包装在货物周围的“包装纸”,是可数名词。而wrapping paper则指专门用来包装礼物的“包装用纸”。

 

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