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英文病句急诊室300句之174

chenjie 于2015-05-10发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.   Lend me a pen一I have nothing to write.(x)
      Lend me a pen一I have nothing to write with.(√)

I have nothing to write.用来说明“我没有信件/文章/报告等要写”。write with sth表“以某物来书写”。同理,I have nothing to write on表“我没有纸张来写字”。

2.   I Iike the T shirt with Japanese writings on it. (x)
      I like the T-shirt with Japanese writing on it.(√)

表书写/印刷的“文字”时,writing为不可数名词。writings是指“某个作家的(全部)作品”,如:I'm very interested in Kaflca's writings.(我对卡夫卡的作品深感兴趣。)

3.   Follow the recipe and you can't go wrongly. (x)
      Follow the recipe and you can't go wrong.(√)

wrong和wrongly均可作副词用,但go wrong表“出差错”,是固定用法。表“错误地”时,用wrongly,如:My name is wrongly spelt.(我的名字被拼错了。)

4.   You had better go to the hospital for X-ray.(x)
      You had better go to the hospital for an X-ray. (√)

X-ray表“X光线”或“照X光检查”,为可数名词。另外,X-ray亦可作(及物)动词用,如:I was advised to have my lungs X-rayed.有人建议我去做肺部X光检查。)或如:All baggage will be X-rayed in the airport.(在机场,所有的行李都要经过X光检查。)

5.   I managed to prevent a yawn and look interested.(x)
      I managed to stifle a yawn and look interested.(√)

“抑制一个呵欠”的正确说法是stifle / suppress a yawn.

6.   You look really young at your age. (x)
      You look really young for your age.(√)

be / look young for your age表“某人比自己的实际年龄要年轻”。be young at heart表“人虽老但心不老”。

7.   The fire was set by a gang of youth. (x)
      The fire was set by a gang of youths. (√)

youth作不可数名词,有两个意思:(1)青春(时期),如:In my youth, I often fought with my siblings.(我年轻时常跟兄弟姐妹吵架。)(2)青少年(总称),如:The youth of today seem less happy.(如今的青少年似乎比较不快乐。)但作可数名词时,youth通常是指“不学好的少年(男子)”。

8.   I'm going home to catch some zs. (x)
      I'm going home to catch some z's.(√)

catch / get some z's是“睡觉”的俚语。

9.   In the future, there will be more and more channels to zap.(x)
      In the future, there will be more and more channels to zap.(√)

zip表“拉(衣服、皮包等)拉链”。ZaP表利用遥控器来“切换”频道等。“拉链”的说法是ziPPer(美式用法)或ziP(英式用法)。“遥控器”的说法是zapper或remote control。

10.   Water freezes at zero degree Celsius.(x)
        Water freezes at zero degrees Celsius.(√)

表“零度”时,恒用复数形式zero degrees。其原因是:“零”对“负数”而言为无限大。另外,zero in on sth表“集中火力/注意力于某物”,如:The newspapers all zeroed in on her private life.(各家报纸争相报导她的私生活。)


 

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