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星火英语15篇文章背完大学英语六级词汇:Unit8-Part2

hetao 于2012-11-28发布 l 已有人浏览
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《星火英语15篇背完六级词汇》教你一种用全新的方法突破六级词汇。One could only imagine how the Chinese

    《星火英语15篇背完六级词汇》教你一种用全新的方法突破六级词汇。
     

    One could only imagine

    how the Chinese must have felt

    at the turn of the century.

    Could any American imagine a scenario

    of the shoe being on

    the other foot (putting themselves

    in the place of the Chinese)?

    How would Americans have felt

    if Chinese gunboats patrolled

    the Mississippi River up to St. Louis,

    a major city in the heart

    of America? What if the Chinese

    could come and go anywhere

    in the United States, being

    completely immune to all American laws.

    Could Americans accept Chinatown

    in Boston of San Francisco

    being under Chinese law, and

    displaying signs with such captions

    as  “No Americans or dogs allowed”?

    What if Manhattan Island and California

    were annexed by China? Would Americans

    tolerate their own officials

    being in collusion with, and being

    bribed by Chinese authorities,

    to let all of above to

    take place? One would think not.

    Is it any wonder that

    imperialism had become such

    an abominable term to the Chinese people?

    The Chinese have made some

    conscientious attempts to fight back,

    in efforts to defy foreign presence

    in China, but without much support

    during the slack reign of

    the Qing Emperor and the Dowager Empress.

    The Imperial family, for so long,

    had been extremely selfindulgent.

    It paid little attention

    to the realities of what

    was happening inside China.

    For so long, the nation's policies

    revolved around the whims of

    the Imperial Family.

    With reliance on its own resources,

    a secret society, called the Order

    of Literary Patriotic Harmonious Fists,

    made one last desperate attempt

    at revenge, to rid the country

    of foreigners. In 1900, these Boxers

    as they were called, stubbornly engaged

    the foreign powers in conflict.

    The former tore up railway tracks,

    attacked Chinese Christians, besieged

    foreign delegations, and eventually

    slaughtered over three hundred foreigners.

    The Americans collaborated with the Japanese,

    consolidated forces and easily overwhelmed

    the Boxers. The latter crumbled

    under the pressure of foreign superiority

    and its own deficiencies in equipment

    and organization. The victors placed

    severe controls on the crippled

    Chinese Government and imposed heavy indemnities

    of billions of dollars. The fact

    that the foreigners were interested,

    only in protecting their

    own interests, was abundantly clear.

    Aside from discriminatory immigration policy

    against Chinese, the U.S. had no

    official direct political or diplomatic relations

    with China until the Second World War.

    The United States took on

    a much cherished isolationist approach

    to world affairs following

    the First World War, after having

    established itself as a major world power.

    The United States did not even

    become a representative of

    the League of Nations, essentially

    the creation of its own then

    President, Woodrow Wilson. This organization

    was set up in 1919 to curb

    international conflict, which could,

    potentially, throw the world

    into a war again. The absence of

    this powerful nation was one of

    the major weaknesses of this

    organization and, consequently, a possible

    factor that actually facilitated

    the resumption of world conflict in 1939.

    The Second World War

    During the Second World War,

    the United States and China were

    allies against the common enemy,

    Japan. A coalition of the United States,

    British Commonwealth countries,

    and other allies dispatched supplies

    and other support to China

    by way of the Burma Road and

    by air over the hump (mountains),

    to close in on Japan from the rear.

    When war broke out in 1939,

    China was experiencing a civil war,

    the Nationalists versus the Communists.

    This civil war was put on

    hold while both the Nationalists

    and Communists joined forces

    to converge on Japan, which had,

    intermittently, hovered over China

    as a menace, or as an imperialist

    thorn in its side, for a good

    century before the war. The war

    brought the United States out

    of its splendid official isolation.

    Once the war was over,

    turbulent times continued to stalk China.

    The civil war picked up

    where it left off. The Americans

    lent its moral support to

    the Nationalists in their struggle

    against the Communists, whereby

    the United States began to formulate

    its Cold War policy of “Containment”

    (Containing the spread of Communism).

     

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