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星火英语15篇文章背完大学英语六级词汇:Unit15-Part2

hetao 于2012-11-28发布 l 已有人浏览
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《星火英语15篇背完六级词汇》教你一种用全新的方法突破六级词汇。More recently,during the spy plane inc

    《星火英语15篇背完六级词汇》教你一种用全新的方法突破六级词汇。

    More recently,

    during the spy plane incident over Hainan,

    American President Bush

    changed the American position toward China

    from that of being a world partner

    (the approach of the Clinton Administration),

    to that of being a competitor

    or an opponent in international affairs.

    This “bashing” propaganda about China

    is considered by many people

    a cover-up (or a smoke screen)

    for growing American insecurity

    in international affairs

    and this distortion is accumulative in the brain

    washed minds of the American people.

    It is also degrading to say the least.

    It is like a champion football team that

    does not want to play fairly any more

    because it is afraid of losing.

    It is the fear of being beaten fairly

    and decisively on the field,

    according to an agreed upon set of rules.

    This obsession with human rights

    has flared up in many areas

    of American foreign policy in recent months.

    This rash, sometimes graphic ChinaBashing attitude

    is probably driven, in part,

    by powerful economic interests

    in the United States.

    The positions of these powerful interests

    will be seriously threatened

    by China's entry into the WTO.

    These industries, if they are forced

    to face stronger competition,

    fear losing their shares of their respective markets.

    These same interests also

    heavily support political parties financially

    and therefore have some indirect influence

    over government policies.

    China has enough ballots to get into the WTO.

    The United States alone cannot veto China's entry,

    but can make things difficult.

    Both China and the United States

    will have to adjust themselves

    to raise economic efficiencies,

    a fact that normally results

    from greater competition.

    However, what must clearly be seen

    are the comparative advantages,

    which will benefit all trading partners.

    With the reduction of trade barriers,

    more efficient use of the world's productive resources

    will emerge through greater specialization

    by the various countries involved.

    In the short-run,

    (in the first few years)

    there will be dislocations of productive resources,

    particularly of labour.

    For some industries,

    the future will be bleak.

    There will be short run unemployment

    in some sectors of each country.

    It is important that

    these countries develop plans,

    such as retraining and increased technology,

    to make adjustments easier as productive resources

    shift from one sector to another.

    With greater sharing of international expertise,

    these transitions should become easier.

    The longrange result will mean

    more benefits for all countries;

    meaning higher standards of living all round.

    China has already made persistent strides

    in this direction through its partnership

    arrangements with foreign corporations

    over the last twenty years,

    since the reforms

    at the end of the Cultural Revolution.

    China has no alternative but

    to move forward into the international markets

    and in other areas of globalization

    of the twentyfirst century.

    Not to do so would mean inevitable deterioration or,

    perhaps, even complete evaporation of China's strong economy.

    Some sacrifices in socialist economic

    and political philosophies and policies

    are imperative if these goals are to be achieved.

    The big advantage that

    China has had over the former Soviet Union

    is that of cautious gradualism in economic policy.

    China's political hierarchy is slowly embracing the theories

    and practices of a new socialist market system.

    The knowledge and skills gained

    from this approach places China

    in an excellent position to succeed.

    The country sees quite clearly that

    a pure command economic system

    will not endure to the end

    under the inertia of this epoch of brisk globalization.

    In the end, China is destined to succeed.

    Much of what China will face in the WTO

    will be the coincidence of internal policies

    that have been formulated in recent years,

    although some reconfiguration will be necessary.

    To suggest immediate success for China

    may be premature at this point,

    but there are precedents

    that are favourable to China's aspirations.

    Such success is difficult to quantify or generalize,

    as there are so many factors

    that are constantly changing.

    It is a gamble.

    World recessions, strong economic growth periods,

    and disasters such as the September 11th,

    2001 terrorist attacks,

    can drastically create economic casualties overnight

    followed by the “trickle down” negative impacts.

    All these being said, it would be

    a mistake to underestimate China's legitimate presence

    in this period of globalization.

    It is indicative, as well as fitting,

    that almost all countries of the world

    will benefit from the potential contributions

    that China can make in the years to come.

    The WTO's success hinges on international cooperation

    and ceaseless pursuit of positive common goals

    rather than focusing on negative issues

    that could only handicap good economic

    and social relations along with progress

    in international trade.

    It is hoped that such barriers

    between China and other countries

    will dissipate now that its membership

    has finally been certified.
     

     

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