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实用英语写作技巧大全(13):推展段落方法之举例法

kira86 于2009-10-19发布 l 已有人浏览
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第十三单元 推展段落方法之五——举例法 13.1举例法举例法(examples)也是推展主题的主要方法。举例法有两种形

第十三单元 推展段落方法之五——举例法 

131举例法

举例法(examples)也是推展主题的主要方法。举例法有两种形式,一种是首先陈述自己的观点,然后举出一个或多个例子阐明观点;另一种是先举一个很长的例子,然后转入例子所要阐明的观点。

读下面段落:

Courage is the willingness to take a risk when the outcome is uncertainand when the risk taken may involve harmlossor danger to the one taking itThe courageous person fears no one and nothingHe or she is undaunted by danger or perilHe or she will venture boldly into an uncertain situationhardly giving a thought to the harm or consequences which may result to his or her person

以上段落的缺点是乏味、含糊,不能向读者表达作者关于“courage”的看法。请看下面重写后的段落。

示范段落13-1

Courage is the willingness to take a risk when the outcome is uncertainand when the risk taken may involve harmlossor danger to the one taking itFor examplein a Los Angeles suburba twelveyearold girl ran into a burning house to rescue her baby brotherpulled him unconscious out of the burning bedroomand dragged him down the stairs and outside to safetyThis was arousing display of courageThe girl had been safe outside the flaming house when she remembered her sleeping brotherDisregarding her personal safetyshe plunged into the flaming house to save him

132示范段落分析

较之上一段落,这个段落更能清晰地传达作者关于“courage”的观点。首先,作者概述什么是“courage”,然后举出一个女孩子从燃烧着的房子中把弟弟救出来的例子阐明这一观点。

132关于写举例法段落的建议

1)选择恰当的例子

所选的例子应该能够恰当地支持自己的观点。

2)要表明你的例子所要阐明的观点

大多数作者使用“for example”等短语引出例子。其它常用的短语有:“as an example”,“to illustrate”,“for instance”,“an illustration of it”,“a case in point”(见第34单元)。

3)不要滥用例子

Exercise 13-1

DirectionsRead the following paragraphpoint out the topic sentenceand find out what example the writer uses to illustrate his point

Despite her wealthMadame Rubinstein had a mania for saving moneyFrench President Georges Pompidou once rented a Paris apartment from herShe noticed that he left the building at exactlly850 every morningMadame began ordering her daily taxi for 845 so that she could save on cab fare by following Pompidou's motorcycle escort through the heavy Paris traffic

Topic Sentence____________________________________________

Example__________________________________________________

Exercise 13-2

DirectionsChoose one of the given topic sentences and use an example to develop the point

1

Doing parttime jobs helps increase our experience

___________________________________________ 

2 

You may have heard the old saying,“Self-help is the best help.”The truth of it has been proved by the successful lives of many great men and women

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