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大学英语四六级晨读经典365:夏日激情篇 172 A Pianist of Genius——Chopin天才钢琴家——肖邦(mp3)

merryangle87 于2014-09-26发布 l 已有人浏览
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波兰作曲家费列德里克·肖邦在钢琴演奏和作曲方面的天赋,从小就显露出来:6岁起开始系统学习钢琴,7岁时发表他的第一首作品——《G小调波兰舞曲》,8岁公开钢琴演奏。
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172 A Pianist of Genius——Chopin

172 天才钢琴家——肖邦

Frederic Francois Chopin, Polish-born composer and reed pianist, was the creator of 55 mazurkas. 13 polonaises. 24 preludes, 27 etudes.  19 nocturnes. 4 ballads, and 4 scherzos.

费列德里克·佛朗索瓦·肖邦是波兰作曲家和著名的钢琴家,他一生创作了55部马祖卡舞曲.13部波罗涅滋,24首序曲。27首练习曲,19首夜曲,4首叙事曲以及4部诙谐曲。

Although Chopin later attended the Lyceum where his father taught. his early training began at home. This Included receiving piano lessons from his mother. By the age of six. Chopin was creating original pieces, showing innate prodigious musical ability His parents arranged for the young Chopin to take piano instruction from Wojciech Zywny.

虽然肖邦之后进入了他父亲任教的莱雪姆学校,但他最初接触音乐是在家里跟着母亲学钢琴。6岁时,肖邦创作出新颖的乐章,显示出他与生俱来的、令人惊叹的音乐才华。于是他的父母便安排小肖邦跟随捷克音乐家W,日夫尼学习钢琴。

When Chopin was sixteen, he attended the Warsaw Conservatory of Music. directed by composer Joseph Elsner. While Chopin was in Austria. Poland and Russia faced off in the apparent beginnings of war He returned to Warsaw to get his things in preparation for a more permanent move. There, his friends gave him a silver goblet filled with Polish soil He kept it always. as he was never able to return to his beloved Poland.

16岁时,肖邦进入华沙音乐学院学习,从师德国音乐家J,埃尔斯纳。在波兰与沙俄的战争一触即发的时候。肖邦正身处奥地利。他回到华沙,为长期居住在国外做准备。临行前,他的朋友送给他一个盛满祖国泥土的银杯。尽管从此。肖邦再也没有回到他深爱着的祖国。但他一直保存着这捧祖国的泥土。

French by heritage. and desirous of finding musical acceptance from a less traditional audience than that of Vienna  Chopin ventured to Paris Interestingly, other young musicians had assembled in the city of fashion with the very same hope. Chopin joined Franz Liszt. Hector Berlioz Felix Mendelssohn. Vincenzo Bellini. and Auguste Franchomme. all proponents of the "new" Romantic style.

为了赢得更多浪漫派听众的认可,加上他是法国人后裔,肖邦来到了法国巴黎。有意思的是,许多抱有同样想法的年轻音乐家们也都聚集到了这座时尚之都:在这里,肖邦结识了弗朗兹·李斯特·埃克托尔·柏辽兹·费力克斯·门德尔松·文森佐·贝里尼和奥古斯特·弗朗肖姆,以及意大利音乐家贝利尼等新浪漫主义的拥护者。

News of the war in Poland inspired Chopin to write many sad musical pieces expressing his grief for "his" Poland. Among these was the famous "Revolutionary Etude." Plagued by poor health as well as his homesickness, he once recuperated in the south of France Here. his most complex yet harmonic creations found their way to the brilliant composer's hand. The "Fantasia in F Minor". the "Barcarolle". the "Polonaise Fantasia","Ballade in A Flat Major", "Ballade in F Minor", and "sonata in B Minor" were all products of the relaxed time Chopin enjoyed in the country.

波兰陷入战火的消息促使肖邦写了许多充满忧伤的作品,以表达对祖国波兰的伤痛之情,其中包括名曲《革命练习曲》。由于健康状况一直不佳,加上思乡心切,肖邦一度患上肺病,他曾在法国南部疗养。期间写过许多不朽之作。如《F小调幻想曲》,《威尼斯船歌》,《幻想波罗涅滋舞曲》,《降A大调叙事曲》,《F小调叙事曲》,《B小调奏呜曲》等都是在南部疗养时创作的。

After he returned to Paris, as his health deteriorated further. Surrounded by these that he loved, Frederic Francois Chopin died at the age of 39. He was buried in Paris.

回巴黎后,肖邦的健康状况急剧下降,最终在友人们的陪伴下逝世,结束了他短短39年的生命。他的遗体被安葬在巴黎。

Chopin's last request was that the Polish soil in the silver goblet be sprinkled over his grave.

肖邦最后的遗愿.是将银杯中祖国波兰的泥土撒在他的墓碑上。
 

英语词汇注释

innate adj. 天生的,固有的
prodigious adj. 巨大的
in preparation for 为……做准备
proponent n. 建议者,支持者
harmonic adj. 调和的
deteriorate vi. 恶化

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