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同位语从句的分析 - 四级语法

原版英语 于2011-09-20发布 l 已有人浏览
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?同位语从句指的是从句在复合句中作同位语,它是同位语的一种表现形式。这种作同位语的从句看起来似乎并不复杂,但在阅

??the suggestion that we should develop the natural resources in the region has been discussed.(=the suggestion is that we should develop the natural resources in the region, and the suggestion has been discussed.)关于我们应该开发本地区资源的建议已经讨论过了。
the problem whether natural rubber is a polymer with linear chain molecules has been solved.(=the problem is whether natural rubber is a polymer with linear chain molecules, and the problem has been solved.)天然橡胶是否是线型链状分子的聚合物,这个问题已经解决了。
i have no idea when she will be back.(=i have to idea, and the idea is when she
will be back.)我不知道她什么时候会回来。

??b.引导同位语从句的连接词
??引导同位语从句的连接词最常见的是that。that是一个纯引导词(pure introductory word),在同位语从句中常可省去,尤其是在口头语中。例如:
??i had the impression (that)your government was undecided about assisting us. 我的印象是,你们政府还没有决定援助我们。
??"billing and cooing! that's the way (that) you think of it! that's the way (that) you talk of it!
?? as though it were something you had to do.""谈情说爱!这是你的想法!这是你的说法!仿佛这是你的义务似的"。
??连接词when, where, why, whether, how 等也可引导同位语从句,这些连接词除有连接主句和同位语的语法功能外,还有一定的"疑问"意义。例如:
??he has solved the question why he is ill. 他已经解决了他为什么生病的问题。
??have you any idea how fast sound travels? 你知道声音传播有多快吗?
??连词but that 也可引导同位语从句,人它通常出现在"否定词+doubt (deny, question)等名词"结构之后。这时,but 无否定含义,仅起强调作用,常可省去;有时也可省去that而保留but。例如:
??there is no question (but) that the four modernizations will be realized in china by?the end of the century. 中国在本世纪内实现四个现代化,这是没有问题的。
??there is no doubt but (that) we will succeed in designing the project.毫无疑问,我们能把这项工程设计出来。

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