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自考《英语语法》复习指导:二 冠词

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自考《英语语法》复习指导:二 冠词 冠词分为不定冠词(a, an),定冠词(the),和零冠词。 I. 不定冠词的用法: 1 指一类人或事,相当于a kind of A plane is a machine that can fly. 2 第一次提及某人某物,非特指 A boy is waiting for you. 3 表示“每一”相当于every,one We study eight hours a day. 4 表示“相同”相当于the same We are nearly of an age. 5 用于人名前,表示不认识此人或与某名人有类似性质的人或事 A Mr. Smith came to visit you when you were out That boy is rather a Lei Feng. 6 用于固定词组中 A couple of, a bit, once upon a time, in a hurry, have a walk, many a time 7 用于quite, rathe

自考《英语语法》复习指导:二 冠词

冠词分为不定冠词(a, an),定冠词(the),和零冠词。

I. 不定冠词的用法:


1 指一类人或事,相当于a kind of A plane is a machine that can fly.

2 第一次提及某人某物,非特指 A boy is waiting for you.

3 表示“每一”相当于every,one We study eight hours a day.

4 表示“相同”相当于the same We are nearly of an age.

5 用于人名前,表示不认识此人或与某名人有类似性质的人或事 A Mr. Smith came to visit you when you were out

That boy is rather a Lei Feng.

6 用于固定词组中 A couple of, a bit, once upon a time, in a hurry, have a walk, many a time

7 用于quite, rather, many, half, what, such之后 This room is rather a big one.

8 用于so(as, too, how)+形容词之后 She is as clever a girl as you can wish to meet.

II. 定冠词的用法:

1 表示某一类人或物 The horse is a useful animal.

2 用于世上独一无二的事物名词前 the universe, the moon, the Pacific Ocean

3 表示说话双方都了解的或上文提到过的人或事 Would you mind opening the door?

4 用于乐器前面 play the violin, play the guitar

5 用于形容词和分词前表示一类人 the reach, the living, the wounded

6 表示“一家人”或“夫妇” the Greens, the Wangs

7 用于序数词和形容词副词比较级最高级前 He is the taller of the two children.

8 用于国家党派等以及江河湖海,山川群岛的名词前 the United States, the Communist Party of China, the French

9 用于表示发明物的单数名词前 The compass was invented in China.

10 在逢十的复数数词之前,指世纪的某个年代 in the 1990’s

11 用于表示单位的名词前 I hired the car by the hour.

12 用于方位名词,身体部位名词,及表示时间的词组前 He patted me on the shoulder.

III. 零冠词的用法:

1 专有名词,物质名词,抽象名词,人名地名等名词前 Beijing University, Jack, China, love, air

2 名词前有this, my, whose, some, no, each, every等限制 I want this book, not that one. / Whose purse is this?

3 季节,月份,星期,节假日,一日三餐前 March, Sunday, National Day, spring

4 表示职位,身份,头衔的名词前 Lincoln was made President of America.

5 学科,语言,球类,棋类名词前 He likes playing football/chess.

6 与by连用表示交通工具的名词前 by train, by air, by land

7 以and连接的两个相对的名词并用时 husband and wife, knife and fork, day and night

8 表示泛指的复数名词前 Horses are useful animals.

 

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