林超轮实战口译03 英中30年讲话:辅助材料(MP3+中英)

lanyuzhe 于2016-02-29发布 l 已有人浏览
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Speech at Tsinghua University


by British Foreign Secretary, Jack Straw


It was a Labor Foreign Secretary, Ernest Bevin, who opened diplomatic relations between the UK and China in January 1950. We were the first Western country to recognize the People's Republic of China and the longevity of our relationship does give us both a strong basis from which to develop further our relations.


I am delighted that Hong Kong has prospered since 1997, and that "one country, two systems" is proving such an effective approach. As a signatory to the Joint Declaration, we will retain an interest in the well-being of the Special Administrative Region.


Our economic relationship has rarely been healthier. Britain is the leading European investor in China. Many Chinese enterprises now regard Britain’s flexible and open economy as an ideal launching pad into the wider European market. Our development aid programmer is set to double over the next five years and is focused on China's own priority region—the west.


But the most exciting changes have been in the links between British and Chinese peoples. Chinese communities have long existed in our cities. But today more and more British people are visiting China to see for themselves the dynamism of cities like Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou. And the best possible news for our future links is that tens of thousands of young Chinese are pursuing their education in Britain. This year Chinese students will be the largest group from outside the EU studying in Britain. 


I am now pushing through a new strategy across the UK government to ensure that we broaden our relationship, and develop our mutual understanding on issues ranging from civil service reform and the environment to peacekeeping, science and law.


As permanent members of the UN Security Council, Britain and China are in a pivotal position to influence developments affecting every comer of the globe: increased cooperation on counter-terrorism, peacekeeping, conflict prevention and peacebuilding can help to build a secure international order out of the chaos of 11 September.


In recent years we have seen China emerge to fulfill its destiny as an influential participant in international counsels, I welcome China's international engagement as a member of the P512.1 believe the participation of Chinese civilian police alongside UK personnel in UN peacekeeping operations in Bosnia and East Timor is an important signal of its commitment to international order, and China’s recognition that we all operate in an interdependent world.


China’s status as an economic powerhouse will be confirmed within the next 20 to 30 years, as China becomes the world’s second or third largest economy. I believe the range of its global trading and investment interests will contribute to China's increasingly influential diplomatic and political role.


Over the next generation, we need to pursue a shared vision of the future. We need a system which will help us navigate the month-to-month crises of foreign policy, and to capital on the international sense of community expressed so powerfully in the aftermath of 11 September.


What should we be working towards in the coming 30 years? I believe there are three major challenges if we are to preserve the global order and strengthen the international rule of law.


First, we need a secure global environment. This means a renewed consensus to control the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. In the 1960s and 70’s we saw the introduction of a raft of international treaties and export control regimes to control the spread of nuclear, chemical, biological and missile technologies.


Some countries show little compunction in shipping WMD technologies to any bidder. This technology is destabilizing security in the Middle East, South Asia and potentially beyond. This trade secures immediate financial returns for the vendor, but undermines international security. There is an obvious responsibility on arms-exporting nations—the UK and China included to take all necessary steps to end it.


We also have to maintain the momentum we have developed since 11 September in defeating terrorism. China's continued engagement in the UN's Counter-Terrorism Committee underlines its commitment to pursuing a multilateral approach on this issue.


The second challenge is to create a prosperous world. In recent years, China has made an enormous contribution to the cause of global prosperity. In the past two decades China has lifted the living standards of more people than during any other period of human history. We have a shared interest in eliminating the conditions that contribute to global insecurity and state failure. By promoting a cleaner environment, raising educational standards and providing professional healthcare we can create a more stable world.


I welcome China’s contribution to the international effort. Your donation of US $150m has thrown a lifeline to thousands of Afghan people. As your economic influence grows, I hope China will seize the opportunity to build up its overseas aid policy. Just as your economy is becoming the engine for future economic growth in Asia, so the Chinese aid programmer could become a great force for good in a continent where, for too many people, poverty is a fact of life.


The final challenge is to promote the universal adoption of good governance. In country after country, across Europe, Africa, Asia and Latin America, people and governments have adopted this principle. Countries which apply this will run with the grain of international opinion; they will be acknowledging the innate aspirations of their people.


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