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2013年度美国国家图书奖获奖名单

kira86 于2013-12-23 14:48:13发布 l 已有人浏览
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当地时间11月20日,美国国家图书基金会(National Book Foundation)在纽约举行的晚宴上公布2013年美国国家图书奖评选结果,以废奴运动为题材的虚构作品获得小说类奖,描述美国近三十年民主问题的纪实作品获得非小说类奖。

美国作家兼音乐人詹姆斯·麦克布赖德(James McBride)创作的长篇小说《上帝鸟》(The Good Lord Bird)打败茱帕·拉希里(Jhumpa Lahiri)、托马斯·平钦(Thomas Pynchon)、乔治·桑德斯(George Sanders)等文坛耆宿,爆冷夺得美国国家图书奖小说作品奖。《上帝鸟》以十九世纪五十年代末废除奴隶制斗争为背景,围绕废奴主义者约翰·布朗(John Brown)的行动轨道,讲述美国南北战争爆发前夕的一段故事。评审委员会认为,该小说糅合历史和幻想,立足小人物的视角,冒险和探寻情节引人入胜。

非小说作品奖由美国记者乔治·帕克(George Packer)创作的《解密:新美国秘史》(The Unwinding: An Inner History of the New America)获得。这本书介绍了美国民主制度和政治制度的变迁和影响,描绘了美国民众的生动群像,道出大事件背后的暗流涌动。

本届美国国家图书奖的诗歌奖和青年文学奖分别由女诗人玛丽·希比斯特(Mary Szybist)的诗集《血红》(Incarnadine)和日裔女作家辛西娅·角畑(Cynthia Kadohata)的《关于运气的事》(The Thing About Luck)获得。

美国国家图书奖由美国出版商协会和美国书商协会在一九五〇年联合成立,旨在提升大众对优秀美国文学作品的认知度,并从整体促进阅读风气,是美国乃至全球最具影响力的图书奖之一。一年一度的美国国家图书奖设有小说类奖、非小说类奖、诗歌类奖和青年文学类奖四个主要奖项,国家图书奖在今年首次发布这四类奖项的长名单。2013年美国国家图书奖参选图书要求作者为美国公民,图书在美国出版,且出版时间介于2012年12月1日和2013年11月30日之间。

 

1. 2013年美国国家图书奖(小说类)得主:(>>>小说类提名入围名单
The Good Lord Bird《上帝鸟》

作者:James McBride 詹姆斯·麦克布赖德

图书简介:

Henry Shackleford is a young slave living in the Kansas Territory in 1857, when the region is a battleground between anti- and pro-slavery forces. When John Brown, the legendary abolitionist, arrives in the area, an argument between Brown and Henry’s master quickly turns violent. Henry is forced to leave town—with Brown, who believes he’s a girl.
1857年,堪萨斯领地正陷入如火如荼的奴隶制度存废之争,亨利·沙克尔福(Henry Shackleford)正是生活在其时其地的一个年轻奴隶。史上著名的废奴主义者约翰·布朗(John Brown)抵达当地,并与亨利的主人爆发争执,最终演变成暴力,亨利被迫随布朗一道离开该地。

Over the ensuing months, Henry—whom Brown nicknames Little Onion—conceals his true identity as he struggles to stay alive. Eventually Little Onion finds himself with Brown at the historic raid on Harpers Ferry in 1859—one of the great catalysts for the Civil War.
接下来的数月里,布朗一直误认为亨利是个女孩,并唤之“小洋葱”(Little Onion);亨利一边隐瞒自己的真实身份,一边挣扎着生活下去。直到1859年,两人到达西弗吉尼亚州的哈珀斯费里(Harpers Ferry),亨利在无意中参与了布朗发动的突袭,而这成为美国南北战争的重大导火索。

An absorbing mixture of history and imagination, and told with McBride’s meticulous eye for detail and character, The Good Lord Bird is both a rousing adventure and a moving exploration of identity and survival.
小说家将历史和想象糅合在一起,创造出引人入胜的情节;细致入微的笔触,细节臻于完善,人物饱满丰富。本书不仅是一段引人激奋的冒险经历,更是一次关于身份和生存的动人探索。

作者简介:

James McBride is an accomplished musician and author of the American classic The Color of Water and the bestsellers Song Yet Sung and Miracle at St. Anna, which was turned into a film by Spike Lee. McBride has written for The Washington Post, People, The Boston Globe, Essence, Rolling Stone, and The New York Times. A graduate of Oberlin College, he has a master’s in journalism from Columbia University. McBride holds several honorary doctorates and is a Distinguished Writer in Residence at New York University. He lives in Pennsylvania and New York.
詹姆斯·麦克布赖德,生于1957年9月11日,美国作家、音乐家,《华盛顿邮报》、《滚石》、《纽约时报》等知名杂志撰稿人。著有《水的颜色》(The Color of Water),名列《纽约时报》畅销书榜单达两年;早期小说作品包括《圣安娜奇迹》(Miracle at St. Anna)、《歌声悠扬》(Song Yet Sung),前者经好莱坞黑人导演斯派克·李(Spike Lee)改编为同名电影,后者入围有色人种促进协会形象奖(NAACP Image Award)和代顿文学和平奖(Dayton Literary Peace Prize)决选名单。毕业于奥伯林大学,哥伦比亚大学新闻学硕士,多个荣誉博士学位,纽约大学名誉驻校作家,现居宾夕法尼亚州和纽约州。

2. 2013年美国国家图书奖(非小说类)得主:(>>>非小说类提名入围名单
The Unwinding: An Inner History of the New America《解密:新美国秘史》

作者:George Packer乔治·帕克

图书简介:

American democracy is beset by a sense of crisis. Seismic shifts during a single generation have created a country of winners and losers, allowing unprecedented freedom while rending the social contract, driving the political system to the verge of breakdown, and setting citizens adrift to find new paths forward. In The Unwinding, George Packer, author of The Assassins’ Gate: America in Iraq, tells the story of the United States over the past three decades in an utterly original way, with his characteristically sharp eye for detail and gift for weaving together complex narratives.
美国民主危机四伏。单一代际的天翻地覆让一个国家诞生了胜者和败者,创生了前所未有的自由,但也撕裂了社会契约,将政治体系推向崩溃的边缘,令万千公民陷入迷途,不知何去何从。本书以彻底原始的方式,借助作者特有的敏锐眼光和天赋,完成了美国在过去三十年来交错丛生的复杂叙事。

The Unwinding journeys through the lives of several Americans, including Dean Price, the son of tobacco farmers, who becomes an evangelist for a new economy in the rural South; Tammy Thomas, a factory worker in the Rust Belt trying to survive the collapse of her city; Jeff Connaughton, a Washington insider oscillating between political idealism and the lure of organized money; and Peter Thiel, a Silicon Valley billionaire who questions the Internet’s significance and arrives at a radical vision of the future. Packer interweaves these intimate stories with biographical sketches of the era’s leading public figures, from Newt Gingrich to Jay-Z, and collages made from newspaper headlines, advertising slogans, and song lyrics that capture the flow of events and their undercurrents.
本书跟随多名美国人的生活轨迹,包括:烟农之子迪安·普赖斯(Dean Price),后来成为南方农村新经济的传道者;“铁锈地带”的工厂女工塔米·托马斯(Tammy Thomas),努力挽救城市之崩塌;华盛顿内部人士杰夫·康诺顿(Jeff Connaughton),在政治理想和金钱诱惑之间摇摆不定;硅谷富豪彼得·泰尔(Peter Thiel),质疑互联网的意义,描绘出未来的激进愿景。作者在这些私人故事间穿插进多位同时代重要公众人物[像是纽特·金里奇(Newt Gingrich)、Jay-Z]的概略小传,拼贴上报纸头条、广告口号、歌词等内容,切合了事件流以及背后的暗涌。

 The Unwinding portrays a superpower in danger of coming apart at the seams, its elites no longer elite, its institutions no longer working, its ordinary people left to improvise their own schemes for success and salvation. Packer’s novelistic and kaleidoscopic history of the new America is his most ambitious work to date.
本书描绘了超级大国面临四分五裂的危险,精英不再成其精英,机构不再正常运作,普通百姓只得勉强完成自己的成功和救赎。小说手法的文字,千变万化的新美国史,构成作者迄今为止最宏大叙事的作品。

作者简介:
George Packer is a staff writer for The New Yorker and the author of The Assassins’ Gate: America in Iraq, which received several prizes and was named one of the ten best books of 2005 by The New York Times Book Review. He is also the author of two novels, The Half Man and Central Square, and two other works of nonfiction, Blood of the Liberals, which won the 2001 Robert F. Kennedy Book Award, and The Village of Waiting. His play, Betrayed, ran off-Broadway for five months in 2008 and won the Lucille Lortel Award for Outstanding Play. His most recent book is Interesting Times: Writings from a Turbulent Decade. He lives in Brooklyn.
乔治·帕克,生于1960年8月13日,美国记者、小说家、剧作家,《纽约客》撰稿人,《杀手门:美国的伊拉克政策》(The Assassins’ Gate: America in Iraq)获评为2005年《纽约时报》书评版年度十大好书,《自由党的血液》(Blood of the Liberals)获得2001年罗伯特·F·肯尼迪图书奖,剧作《背叛》(Betrayed)于2008年在百老汇连演五个月,并获得露西尔洛特尔奖(Lucille Lortel Award)优秀剧作奖。最近新作为《有趣时代:混乱十年作品集》(Interesting Times: Writings from a Turbulent Decade)。现居纽约布鲁克林。

3. 2013年美国国家图书奖(诗歌类)得主:(>>>诗歌类提名入围名单
Incarnadine: Poems 《血红:诗集》

作者:Mary Szybist 玛丽·希比斯特

图书简介:

Mary Szybist’s richly imagined encounters offer intimate spaces and stagings for experiences that are exploratory and sometimes explosive. Through the lens of an iconic moment, the Annunciation of an unsettling angel to a bodily young woman, Szybist describes the confusion and even terror of moments in which our longing for the spiritual may also be a longing for what is most fundamentally alien to us. In a world where we are so often asked to choose sides, to believe or not believe, to embrace or reject, Incarnadine offers lyrical and brilliantly inventive alternatives.
诗人富于想象的际遇为读者提供了私密空间和演绎体验,充满探究,时而爆炸。本书选取一个标志性时刻为视角,围绕圣母领报(天使加百利向圣母玛利亚告知其将受圣灵感孕诞下圣子耶稣)的故事,描述了困惑乃至惊惶的时刻,渴求灵魂犹如渴求彻头彻尾的外来事物。面对一个需要选边站队的世界,选择相信或不信,选择接受或拒绝,本书提供了抒情悠扬而又独出心裁的替代选项。

作者简介:
Mary Szybist grew up in Pennsylvania. She earned degrees from the University of Virginia and the Iowa Writers’ Workshop, where she was a Teaching-Writing Fellow. Her first collection of poetry,Granted (2003), was a finalist for the National Book Critics Circle Award, and in 2009, she won a Witter Bynner Fellowship. She is an associate professor of English at Lewis & Clark in Portland, Oregon.
玛丽·希比斯特,1970年生于宾夕法尼亚州,美国女诗人,毕业于弗吉尼亚大学与艾奥瓦作家讲习班(Iowa Writers' Workshop)。2003年发表的首部诗集《准许》(Granted)入围美国国家书评圈奖(National Book Critics Circle Award)决选名单,曾获美国国家艺术基金会(National Endowment for the Arts)资助及威特·宾纳奖(Witter Bynner Fellowship)等各类奖项。现于俄勒冈州波特兰的刘易斯与克拉克学院(Lewis & Clark College)任英语系助理教授。

4. 2013年美国国家图书奖(青年文学类)得主:(>>>青年文学类提名入围名单
The Thing About Luck《关于运气的事》

作者:Cynthia Kadohata 辛西娅·角畑

图书简介:

Summer knows that kouun means “good luck” in Japanese, and this year her family has none of it. Just when she thinks nothing else can possibly go wrong, an emergency whisks her parents away to Japan—right before harvest season. Summer and her little brother, Jaz, are left in the care of their grandparents, who come out of retirement in order to harvest wheat and help pay the bills.
女孩萨默(Summer)知道“好运”二字的日语发音为“kouun”,而这一年她家丝毫没能交“好运”。收获季节前夕,就在萨默以为凡事都不会行差踏错之时,她的父母因急事飞往日本。萨默和弟弟贾兹(Jaz)留在家中由已退休的祖父母照料,老人们不再赋闲在家,下地收割小麦,维持家庭开支。

The thing about Obaachan and Jiichan is that they are old-fashioned and demanding, and between helping Obaachan cook for the workers, covering for her when her back pain worsens, and worrying about her lonely little brother, Summer just barely has time to notice the attentions of their boss’s cute son. But notice she does, and what begins as a welcome distraction from the hard work soon turns into a mess of its own.
两位老人的问题在于传统守旧,要求苛刻。萨默不仅要帮老人给工人做饭,并在祖母背疼的时候顶替她,还得担心弟弟一个人乱跑,几乎没有注意到他们老板的可爱儿子频送秋波。但她还是发现了,结果事情急转而下,本该是繁重工作后的有趣消遣,却变成了一堆烂摊子。

Having thoroughly disappointed her grandmother, Summer figures the bad luck must be finished—but then it gets worse. And when that happens, Summer has to figure out how to change it herself, even if it means further displeasing Obaachan. Because it might be the only way to save her family.
令祖母彻底失望后,萨默以为厄运已经终结,不料事情每况愈下。为此,萨默不得不靠自己去扭转局势,即使这种方法会让祖母更加不满。但是,这可能是拯救自己一家人的唯一办法了。

作者简介:

Cynthia Kadohata is the author of the Newbery Medal-winning book Kira-Kira, the Jane Addams Peace Award and Pen USA Award winner Weedflower, Cracker!, Outside Beauty, A Million Shades of Gray, and several critically acclaimed adult novels, including The Floating World. She has published numerous short stories in such literary journals as the New Yorker, Ploughshares, Grand Street, and the Mississippi Review. She lives with her son and dog in West Covina, California.
辛西娅·角畑,1956年生于伊利诺伊州,美国女作家。《闪亮闪亮》(Kira-Kira)获2005年纽伯瑞儿童文学奖(Newbery Medal),《野草花》(Weedflower)获2006年美国笔会奖(PEN USA Award)和简·亚当斯和平文学奖(Jane Addams Peace Award),另著有《克拉克!越南最棒的狗儿》(Cracker! The Best Dog in Vietnam)、《美丽之外》(Outside Beauty)、《百万灰阶》(A Million Shades of Gray)等作品,以及《浮世》(Floating World)等广受好评的成人小说,曾在《纽约客》、《犁头》(Ploughshares)、《格兰街》(Grand Street)、《密西西比评论》(Mississippi Review)等文学期刊上发表短篇小说。现与儿子和爱犬居住于加利福尼亚州西科维纳(West Covina)。

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