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年度好书:《纽约时报》2013年度十大好书

kira86 于2013-12-25 15:09:22发布 l 已有人浏览
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2013年终岁末,美国《纽约时报》书评版编辑照例发布了“2013年度百部图书”榜单,并精选出“2013年度十大好书”。五册小说类推荐名单中,女性小说家表现抢眼,在榜上占得四席。

 

FICTION 小说类(五册)

1. Americanah 《美国佬》
作者:Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie 希马曼达·恩戈齐·阿迪奇
出版社:Alfred A. Knopf 克诺普夫出版社

简介:

By turns tender and trenchant, Adichie’s third novel takes on the comedy and tragedy of American race relations from the perspective of a young Nigerian immigrant. From the office politics of a hair-braiding salon to the burden of memory, there’s nothing too humble or daunting for this fearless writer, who is so attuned to the various worlds and shifting selves we inhabit — in life and online, in love, as agents and victims of history and the heroes of our own stories.
本书是尼日利亚女作家阿迪奇的第三部小说,她以温柔而犀利的笔触,描摹出一位年轻尼日利亚移民进入美国社会后的悲欢际遇。故事论及编发造型美容厅的办公室政治,谈到记忆的负担,对于这位无畏的女作家而言,我们在生活和网络、在爱情世界中遭遇的不同世界以及不同转换的自我,既是历史的代理人也是受害者,是我们自身故事中的英雄。阿迪奇善于将繁复的世界和自我调和在一起,丝毫也不谦让或怯步。阿迪奇生于1977年,名列《纽约客》(The New Yorker)杂志“20名40岁以下北美杰出青年作家”(20 Under 40),曾获象征女性英文写作最高荣誉的奥兰治文学奖(Orange Prize)。

2. The Flamethrowers 《喷火器》
作者:Rachel Kushner 蕾切尔·库什纳
出版社:Scribner 斯克里布纳出版社

简介:

Radical politics, avant-garde art and motorcycle racing all spring to life in Kushner’s radiant novel of the 1970s, in which a young woman moves to New York to become an artist, only to wind up involved in the revolutionary protest movement that shook Italy in those years. The novel, Kushner’s second, deploys mordant observations and chiseled sentences to explore how individuals are swept along by implacable social forces.
简介:本书是美国女作家库什纳的第二部小说。故事场景设定于20世纪70年代,激进政治、前卫艺术、摩托车赛皆在这部亮眼的小说中光芒四射。一位乡下女孩只身来到繁华的纽约,追寻艺术梦想,不料卷入当年撼动意大利的激进示威运动中。女作家施展出辛辣的眼力和匠气的语句,探寻个体如何在无情的社会力量中饱受冲击。本书细致描绘了70年代年轻人离经叛道的青春纪事,入围2013年美国国家图书奖决选名单。

3. The Goldfinch 《金翅雀》
作者:Donna Tartt 唐娜·塔特
出版社:Little, Brown & Company 利特尔与布朗出版公司

简介:

Tartt’s intoxicating third novel, after “The Secret History” and “The Little Friend,” follows the travails of Theo Decker, who emerges from a terrorist bombing motherless but in possession of a prized Dutch painting. Like the best of Dickens, the novel is packed with incident and populated with vivid characters. At its heart is the unwavering belief that come what may, art can save us by lifting us above ourselves.
深受读者喜爱的美国女作家塔特经过11年的潜沉,继《秘密历史》(The Secret History)和《小朋友》(The Little Friend)之后,发表了这部长达784页的厚重作品。小说主人公西奥·德克尔(Theo Decker)因恐怖袭击年少丧母,但意外获得一幅荷兰名画。小说以同名画作《金翅雀》为线索,记叙了德克尔在曼哈顿挣扎求生的经历,充盈着引人入胜的生动角色,揭示艺术升华对生命的救赎理念。

4. 《生生世世》(Life After Life)
作者:凯特·阿特金森(Kate Atkinson)
出版社:A Reagan Arthur Book/Little, Brown & Company 里根阿瑟出版社/利特尔与布朗出版公司

简介:

Demonstrating the agile style and theatrical bravado of her much-admired Jackson Brodie mystery novels, Atkinson takes on nothing less than the evils of mid-20th-century history and the nature of death as she moves back and forth in time, fitting together versions of a life story for a heroine who keeps dying, then being resurrected — and sent off in different, but entirely plausible, directions.
英国女作家阿特金森此书布局机敏巧妙而又富戏剧性,也无损于呈现20世纪中叶人类社会的邪恶本质。两次世界大战期间,女主人公厄休拉·托德(Ursula Todd)不断死去,又不断复生,此后发现自己一旦犯错便会经历交错轮回。小说将不同版本的人生故事拼接观照,微妙地诉说了对战争、对人性的感悟。

5. Tenth of December: Stories《十二月十日:故事集》
作者:George Saunders 乔治.桑德斯
出版社:Random House 兰登书屋

简介:

Saunders’s wickedly entertaining stories veer from the deadpan to the flat-out demented: Prisoners are force-fed mood-altering drugs; ordinary saps cling to delusions of grandeur; third-world women, held aloft on surgical wire, become the latest in bourgeois lawn ornaments. Beneath the comedy, though, Saunders writes with profound empathy, and this impressive collection advances his abiding interest in questions of class, power and justice.
桑德斯此书尽述各类罪恶情境,既有冷面人,也有真话鬼;囚犯被迫服用情绪调整药物,庸人摆脱不了幻觉妄想,第三世界女性用外科手术线吊起充当资产阶级世界的草坪装饰。在绝望窒息之余,作者又提供故事角色以正确决定的可能。小说呈现了作者深刻的同情,也在阶级、权力和正义的一贯话题上走得更远。

2013年终岁末,美国《纽约时报》书评版编辑照例发布了“2013年度百部图书”榜单,并精选出“2013年度十大好书”。五册非小说类名单中,既有回忆海啸的灾难惨境,也有医疗人员的生死抉择,更有勾心斗角的政治角力。

NONFICTION 非小说类(五册)

1. After the Music Stopped: The Financial Crisis, the Response, and the Work Ahead《音乐停下之后:金融危机、应对与未来世界》
作者:Alan S. Blinder 艾伦·S·布林德
出版社:The Penguin Press 企鹅出版社

简介:

 Blinder’s terrific book on the financial meltdown of 2008 argues that it happened because of a “perfect storm,” in which many unfortunate events occurred simultaneously, producing a far worse outcome than would have resulted from just a single cause. Blinder criticizes both the Bush and Obama administrations, especially for letting Lehman Brothers fail, but he also praises them for taking steps to save the country from falling into a serious depression. Their response to the near disaster, Blinder says, was far better than the public realizes.
前美国联邦储备委员会副主席布林德在书中对2008年金融崩盘的成因进行了精彩探讨。布林德指出,金融危机并非源自某单一事件,而是由许多关键事件同时触发而共同导致。书中严辞批评了小布什政府和奥巴马政府的经济决策,尤其是令雷曼兄弟(Lehman Brothers)破产之举,但同时也称赞他们采取措施遏制了经济进一步萧条。布林德还表示,美国政府对近期危机的应对比公众所知要好得多。

2. Days of Fire: Bush and Cheney in the White House《荣火时代:布什和切尼的白宫岁月》
作者:Peter Baker 彼得·贝克
出版社:Doubleday 道布尔迪出版社

简介:

Baker succeeds in telling the story of the several crises of the Bush administration with fairness and balance, which is to say that he is sympathetic to his subjects, acknowledging their accomplishments but excusing none of their errors. Baker, the chief White House correspondent for The Times, is fascinated by the mystery of the Bush--Cheney relationship, and even more so by the mystery of George W. Bush himself. Did Bush lead, or was he led by others? In the end, Baker concludes, the “decider” really did decide.
《纽约时报》驻白宫记者贝克以客观平衡的叙事,讲述了小布什政府的数次危机。贝克指出小布什出兵伊拉克等错误决策并不理性,还披露了小布什与副总统迪克·切尼之间的纠葛关系。书中甚至质疑,布什究竟是领导者还是被领导者。贝克最终出得结论:无论是何人,这位“决策者”都未能善尽决策。

3. Five Days at Memorial: Life and Death in a Storm-Ravaged Hospital《纪念医院五日:飓风过后医院中的生与死》
作者:Sheri Fink 谢里·芬克
出版社:Crown 皇冠出版社

简介:

In harrowing detail, Fink describes the hellish days at a hospital during and after Hurricane Katrina, when desperate medical professionals were suspected of administering lethal injections to critically ill patients. Masterfully and compassionately reported and as gripping as a thriller, the book poses reverberating questions about end-of-life care, race discrimination in medicine and how individuals and institutions break down during disasters.
2005年卡特里娜飓风造成重大灾情,灾区医疗资源严重不足,怀疑医护人员面临器材和人员不足的绝境时,不得不对病患做出取舍,最终选择将危重病人注射致死药物。芬克以纯熟细腻的笔触,令读者仿佛身临其境,对于反复争论的临终关怀、医疗种族歧视、有限资源分配等问题进行深刻探讨。

4.The Sleepwalkers: How Europe Went to War in 1914《梦游者:1914年欧洲何以陷入战争》
作者:Christopher Clark 克里斯托弗·克拉克
出版社:Harper 哈珀出版社

简介:
 Clark manages in a single volume to provide a comprehensive, highly readable survey of the events leading up to World War I. He avoids singling out any one nation or leader as the guilty party. “The outbreak of war,” he writes, “is not an Agatha Christie drama at the end of which we will discover the culprit standing over a corpse.” The participants were, in his term, “sleepwalkers,” not fanatics or murderers, and the war itself was a tragedy, not a crime.
美国历史学家克拉克在此书中重新解读第一次世界大战的成因。克拉克认为过去研究对历史的诠释过于简单粗暴,因而刻意避免将发动战争的罪愆归咎于某一国家或领导人。他写道:“真实的战争并不像阿加莎·克里斯蒂侦探小说,会有一个嫌犯站在尸体旁,暗示我们谁是罪人。”克拉克还说,战争参与者都是“梦游者”,不是狂热徒,也不是谋杀犯;战争是悲剧,不是犯罪。

5.  Wave《浪》
作者:Sonali Deraniyagala 索纳莉·德拉尼亚加拉
出版社:Alfred A. Knopf 克诺普夫出版社

简介:

On the day after Christmas in 2004, Deraniyagala called her husband to the window of their hotel room in Sri Lanka. “I want to show you something odd,” she said. The ocean looked foamy and closer than usual. Within moments, it was upon them. Deraniyagala lost her husband, her parents and two young sons to the Indian Ocean tsunami. Her survival was miraculous, and so too is this memoir — unsentimental, raggedly intimate, full of fury.
2004年12月27日,索纳莉与家人正住在斯里兰卡的海景酒店。索纳莉突然发现海水有异,赶忙呼唤丈夫来看,不料转瞬之间,海水覆顶而过,她在这场印度洋海啸中失去了丈夫、双亲和两个儿子。尽管灾难夺走了她的全部,她却奇迹般生存了下来;而这部回忆录也堪称奇迹,笔调冷峻地记下了当时灾难无情、天地变色、恐惧蔓延的惨境。
 

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