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国际关系英语词汇大全Unit 75

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学习国际关系有关人物Maximilien de Robespierre、Catherine the Great及Charlemagne。

Explanation of English Words unit 75

英语单词讲解 unit 75

1.Maximilien de Robespierre
Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre (6 May 1758 – 28 July 1794) was a French lawyer and politician, and one of the best-known and most influential figures of the French Revolution.

1.马克西米连·罗伯斯庇尔
马克西米连·佛朗索瓦·马里·伊西多·德·罗伯斯比尔(1758年5月6日-1794年7月28日),又译罗伯斯庇尔,法国大革命时期政治家,是雅各宾派的实际首脑及独裁者。

2.Catherine the Great
Yekaterina Alexeevna or Catherine II, also known as Catherine the Great (2 May [O.S. 21 April] 1729 – 17 November [O.S. 6 November] 1796), was the most renowned and the longest-ruling female leader of Russia, reigning from 9 July [O.S. 28 June] 1762 until her death in 1796 at the age of 67. Her reign was called Russia's golden age. She was born in Stettin, Pomerania, Prussia as Sophie Friederike Auguste von Anhalt-Zerbst-Dornburg, and came to power following a coup d'état and the assassination of her husband, Peter III, at the end of the Seven Years' War. Russia was revitalized under her reign, growing larger and stronger than ever and becoming recognized as one of the great powers of Europe.

2.叶卡捷琳娜二世
叶卡捷琳娜二世·阿列克谢耶芙娜(1729年5月2日-1796年11月17日),俄罗斯帝国女皇(1762-1796年在位)。有些译法依照英语而称呼她为凯萨琳二世或凯萨琳大帝。

3.Charlemagne
Charlemagne (2 April 742 – 28 January 814), also known as Charles the Great or Charles I, was King of the Franks who united most of Western Europe during the Middle Ages and laid the foundations for modern France and Germany. He took the Frankish throne from 768, became King of Italy from 774, and from 800 was the first recognized Roman emperor in Western Europe since the collapse of the Western Roman Empire three centuries earlier. The expanded Frankish state he founded is called the Carolingian Empire.

3.查理大帝
查理一世(742年4月2日-814年1月28日)或作查理曼,查理大帝,卡尔大帝。法兰克王国加洛林王朝国王(768年—814年),800年由教皇利奥三世加冕于罗马,成为他所扩张地区的皇帝,后人称他查理曼。“查理曼大帝”为一个错误翻译法,magne本身已含有“大帝”的意思。查理曼还是国际上最流行的法国式扑克牌上的红桃K人物。

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