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考研英语阅读难句语法分析-名词性从句2

inbj 于2012-04-27发布 l 已有人浏览
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【难句】3. If I ever had any doubts about how demanding a teacher's job is, it would have disappeared for good when I spent some time recently in sc

     【难句】3.  If I ever had any doubts about how demanding a teacher’s job is, it would have disappeared for good when I spent some time recently in schools. (The Guardian Sep. 12, 2007)

    
    【结构分析】 本句的结构清晰,为主从复合句。it would have disappeared for good when I spent some time recently in schools为主句部分,其中包含一个when引导的时间状语从句when I spent some time recently in schools。If引导的条件状语从句中,had any doubts about后的宾语由how引导的名词性从句how demanding a teacher’s job is充当,how与形容词demanding相连作从句的表语。注意整个句子使用了与过去相反的虚拟语气,从句为if+had done,主句为would/could/should/might+have done的形式。
    
    【参考译文】 如果说我以前还曾怀疑教师的工作有多吃力,那么当我最近在学校中待了一段时间后,我永远改变了原来的想法。
 
    【难句】4.  The teachers who took part in the program also told me of their worries that they might be force-feeding their pupils information rather than stimulating the discussion necessary to ensure they grasped the importance to them of what they were being taught. (The Guardian Sep. 12, 2007)
    
    【结构分析】本句成分复杂。主语The teachers 后跟who引导的定语从句who took part in the program also told me of their worries…作修饰语,关系代词who在从句中作主语。told后我们可以认为是双宾语(对象+内容),直接宾语部分their worries后跟that引导的名词性从句that they might be forcefeeding their pupils information rather than stimulating the discussion necessary to ensure…说明worries的具体内容。ensure后面的宾语是一个省略了引导词that的宾语从句they grasped the importance to them of…,grasped的宾语the importance of…被不定式结构to them分隔,of构成的介宾短语的宾语由what引导的名词性从句充当,且从句使用了被动语态的现在进行时。
    
    【参考译文】参与节目的老师们还告诉我,他们担心自己可能是在向学生强行灌输知识与信息,而不是激励他们讨论,以此保证他们能掌握他们所学知识的要领。
 
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