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新视野大学英语读写教程词汇 第二册 Unit 1b

hetao 于2013-05-23发布 l 已有人浏览
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New Words<1>spite n. (in ~ of) despite; regardless of 虽然;尽管They went out in spite of the rain. 尽管下雨,他们还是外出了。In spite of all of his efforts he failed. 尽管他作了种种努力,但还是失败了。<2>clash vi. 1. disagree about sth. 不一致;冲突The couple clashed on the question of where to spend their holidays. 夫妻俩对上哪儿去度假意见不一致。Richard clashed frequently with Goldsmith. 理查德和戈德史密斯经常意见相左。2. come to a fight 冲突They clashed with the police in the street. 他们在街上和警察发生了冲突。The two armies clashed near the boundary this morning. 今晨两支军队在边境附近发生了交火
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New Words

<1>spite n. (in ~ of) despite; regardless of 虽然;尽管

They went out in spite of the rain. 尽管下雨,他们还是外出了。

In spite of all of his efforts he failed. 尽管他作了种种努力,但还是失败了。

<2>clash vi. 1. disagree about sth. 不一致;冲突

The couple clashed on the question of where to spend their holidays. 夫妻俩对上哪儿去度假意见不一致。

Richard clashed frequently with Goldsmith. 理查德和戈德史密斯经常意见相左。

2. come to a fight 冲突

They clashed with the police in the street. 他们在街上和警察发生了冲突。

The two armies clashed near the boundary this morning. 今晨两支军队在边境附近发生了交火。

n. 1. [C] an argument 不一致;争论

There is a clash between the two party leaders. 两党的领导人之间发生了争执。

There is a clash of interests in this project. 这个项目中存在着利益上的冲突。

2. [C] a short fight 冲突

The demonstration ended in a violent clash with the police. 示威游行最后以与警察发生激烈冲突结束。

There were violent clashes downtown. 在市中心发生了暴力冲突。

<3>tradition n. [C, U] beliefs or customs passed down from one generation to the next 传统

By tradition, people play jokes on April 1. 根据传统习俗,人们在四月一日相互捉弄和开玩笑。

It's a tradition to sing "Jingle Bells" on Christmas. 圣诞节唱“铃儿响叮当”是一种传统。

<4> adjustment n. [C, U] the act of adjusting 调整

I made a few very minor adjustments to the decoration, which in general it had been excellent. 我对装饰做了几处小修改, 但总体来说装饰棒极了。

The room was full of dancers, all making last-minute adjustments to their costumes. 满屋子是舞蹈演员,都在对演出服做最后的调整。

<5>honeymoon n. [C] a holiday taken by a couple who have just got married; (fig.) a period of good feeling or good relations 蜜月期;(喻)短暂的和谐期

I haven't had a holiday for ten years, not since our honeymoon. 自蜜月以后,整整10年我都没有休过假。

As he tries to deal with the problems, he may find that his political honeymoon is over. 当他设法处理那些问题时,他会发现自己的政治蜜月期已经结束。

<6>marvelous a. (BrE marvellous) extremely good; wonderful 非常好的;绝妙的

It's marvelous how he's managed to climb that far. 他竟然能爬那么远,真是不可思议。

The performance is simply marvelous. 演出精彩极了!

<7>amusement n. 1. [U] the feeling of being amused 愉快,快乐

She could not cover her amusement at his mistake. 对他的错误,她禁不住觉得好笑。

To everybody's amusement, the actor fell off the stage. 那个演员从舞台上掉了下来,大家都感到好笑。

2. [C] sth. that makes time pass pleasantly 娱乐(消遣)活动

The hotel offers its guests a wide variety of amusements. 这家旅馆为客人们提供各式各样的娱乐活动。

Outdoor amusement will relax you after a day's work in office. 在办公室里呆了一整天之后,户外娱乐活动可使你得到放松。

▲<8>hostility n. [U] unfriendly behavior or feeling towards sb. 敌意;敌对

There is now open hostility between the two leaders. 两位领导人之间的敌意已经公开化了。

Their friendship is regarded with hostility. 人们对他们的友谊持敌视态度。

<9>moreover ad. what's more; in addition 此外;而且

I don't want to go skating; moreover, the ice is too thin. 我不想去滑冰;再说,冰也太薄了。

The idea was not good; moreover, it would have been too expensive. 这个建议不太好,而且实施起来花费也太大。

<10> anymore ad. (used in negatives) (not) any longer 再也(不)

Money doesn't seem to matter to him anymore. 金钱似乎对他已无关紧要了。

People are not interested in movie anymore. 现在人们对看电影不再感兴趣。

<11>distress vt. make sb. feel very upset 使痛苦;使苦恼

Please don't distress yourself. 请别悲伤。

The erratic motion of the plane distressed me to no end. 飞机的颠簸让我担心极了。

n. [U] a feeling of extreme unhappiness 痛苦,苦恼

Her death was a great distress to all the family. 他去世使全家人感到万分悲痛。

Two in distress makes sorrow less. 同病相怜。

<12>devisevt. create or invent a new way of doing sth. 设计;发明

The teacher has devised a new method of teaching foreign languages. 那位老师发明了一种教授外语的新方法。

He devised a plan for getting the jewels out of the country. 他想出了一个把珠宝带出国的计划。

<13>mechanism n. [C] a way of behaving that helps sb. deal with a problem 行为方式;机制

Rabbits, too, have their survival mechanisms. 兔子也有自己的生存之道。

Her offensive way is just a defense mechanism. 她的咄咄逼人不过是出于防卫心理。

<14>cope vi. be able to deal with sth. difficult 应付;处理

The local government has successfully coped with the problems of environmental pollution. 当地政府成功地解决了环境污染问题。

It's a tough job but I'm sure he'll cope. 这是一项艰难的工作,但我肯定他能克服困难,完成任务。

<15>repressionn. 1. [U] control of strong feelings (对情感或欲望的)压抑;抑制

The repression of one's true feelings is wrong. 抑制自己的真实情感是不对的。

He felt that much unhappiness was because of repression. 他感到许多的不快都是由压抑引起的。

2. [U] cruel and severe control of a large group of people 镇压

They were a people who knew repression; they had suffered under a totalitarian ruler their entire lives. 他们这个民族深知压迫之苦,他们一生都遭受独裁者的统治。

The political repression in this country is imposed by severe fear. 这个国家的政治镇压是通过恐怖行动来实施的。

<16>acceptable a. good enough; satisfactory 可接受的;合意的

I would not call the breakfast great, but it was generally acceptable. 我不认为早餐好极了,但基本上也还过得去。

Some low-fat cheeses have quite an acceptable flavor but some taste like rubber. 有些低脂奶酪味道不错,但有些吃起来就味同嚼蜡了。

■<17>regressionn. [U] a return to an earlier stage of development 回归;倒退

The psychologist believed that the man was experiencing regression as a result of dealing with a new situation. 心理学家认为那男子因面临新形势而正处于行为回归阶段。

Regression is a psychological state that a person should guard against. 行为倒退是我们应该提防的心理状态。

<18> irresponsible a. not responsible 不负责任的

Police blame higher crime rates on irresponsible parents who allow their teenage children to stay out all night. 警方把犯罪率上升归因于不负责任的家长,他们任由自己十多岁的孩子在外彻夜不归。

It was highly irresponsible of him to leave the children alone in the house. 他把孩子们单独留在家,极不负责。

<19>isolate vt. keep sb. or sth. apart from other people or things 使孤立;使隔离

When a person has an infectious disease, he is usually isolated from other people. 人患传染病时通常与他人隔离。

She kept herself almost isolated from her colleagues. 她几乎不与同事来往。

<20>isolation n. [U] the state of being isolated 隔离;孤立

They live in complete isolation in a mountain. 他们在山里过着完全与世隔绝的生活。

fight in isolation 孤军奋战

<21>reject vt. 1. refuse to accept sth. 拒绝;不接受

She rejected his offer of marriage. 她拒绝了他的求婚。

He was rejected by the army because of his poor sight. 他由于视力差而未被接受入伍。

2. throw sth. away 抛弃,丢弃

Damaged products were rejected by our quality control. 受损的产品经检验不合格而报废。

She rejected all the buns that were burned. 她剔弃所有烘焦的小甜圆面包。

<22> rejectionn. [C, U] the act of not accepting 拒绝;不接受

The company's rejection made him disappointed. 公司回绝了他,令他很失望。

I've applied for ten jobs, but all I've got back is rejections. 我申请了十份工作,但都被回绝了。

<23>utilize vt. (BrE utilise) use; make use of 使用

You may be able to utilize their assistance. 你或许能用得上他们的帮助。

You should utilize your abilities in a suitable job. 你应该在合适的工作上发挥自己的才能。

<24>deal vi. (dealt, dealt) (with) take action, esp. to solve a problem 对付;应付;处理

However, not all problems can be dealt with mathematically. 然而,不是所有问题都可以用数学方法来解决的。

They should deal properly and fairly with any complaint. 他们应该合理、公正地处理任何投诉。

<25>hostile a. 1. angry and very unfriendly toward sb. 怀有敌意的,敌对的

She found his attitude to her obviously hostile. 她发现他对自己的态度明显怀有敌意。

She gave him a hostile look. 她怀有敌意地看了他一眼。

2. of an enemy 敌方的,好战的

a hostile army 敌军

hostile forces 敌方力量

<26>recognition n. [sing., U] the act of realizing and accepting that sth. is true 承认;认可

There is a growing recognition of the need for more preventive treatment. 越来越多的人认识到对于预防措施的需求。

Alice is moved by Richard's recognition of her importance in his life. 理查德承认爱丽丝在他生命中很重要,这让爱丽丝非常感动。

<27>temporary a. lasting only for a short time 暂时的

France has agreed to a temporary suspension of military activities. 法国同意暂停军事行动。

I've got a temporary secretarial job, but I'm hoping to find something more permanent. 我有个临时的秘书工作,但我希望能找到更固定的职业。

<28>recovery n. 1. [sing., U] return to a normal state 恢复;痊愈

He's now well on the way to recovery. 他在顺利地康复。

He's past recovery. 他已毫无康复的希望。

2. [U] the act of getting sth. back that is lost 重获;复得

the recovery of stolen goods 追回赃物

the recovery of a fallen city 收复失陷城市

<29>favorable a. (BrE favourable)

1. giving sb. or sth. an advantage 有利的

favorable winds 顺风

The position of his shop is favorable to business. 他的商店所处的位置有利于做生意。

2. giving or showing agreement 赞成的

It's encouraging to receive a favorable report on one's work. 收到一份对自己工作表示赞同的报告很令人鼓舞。

We found that most people were favorable to the idea. 我们发现大多数人都赞成这个意见。

<30>symptom n.1. [C] a sign of a bad condition or problem 迹象;征兆

He recognizes the symptoms, but refuses to admit that he has made a mistake. 他承认这些迹象,但不愿承认自己是犯了错误。

The Government must not ignore these symptoms of present economic problems. 政府不应忽视这些能反映当前经济问题的现象。

2. [C] a sign that shows an illness 症状

First the doctor asked me to describe my symptoms. 医生首先让我描述自己的症状。

All the symptoms point to a cold. 所有的症状都表明是感冒。

<31>distinctionn. 1. [sing.] a special or unique quality 特点;特征

Our company has the distinction of being the only travel agent located in this area. 我们公司是这个地区唯一的一家旅行社。

2. [C] a difference between two things 区别;差别

There is no obvious distinction between the twins. 那对孪生儿之间没有明显差异。

There's a clear distinction between the forms of speech in the two regions. 两地方言有明显差异。

3. [U] the quality of being excellent 卓越;杰出

a dancer of distinction 凤毛麟角的舞蹈家

a writer of distinction 著名作家

<32>appreciatevt. 1. understand and enjoy 欣赏;赏识

You can't fully appreciate Shakespeare in translation. 通过翻译的文字,你是没法充分赏析莎士比亚的作品的。

2. be grateful for sth. 对...表示感谢

I appreciate your concern for me. 很感谢你对我的关心。

I'd appreciate it if you lend me some money. 你要能借我些钱,我将感激不尽。

<33>acquisition n. [U] the act of gaining sth. 获得,得到

He spent hundreds of hours in the acquisition of skill at playing the piano. 他花了数百小时掌握弹钢琴的技巧。

The children progressed in the acquisition of basic skills. 孩子们在掌握基本技能方面取得了进步。

<34>alleviate vt. make sth. less serious 减轻,缓和

They alleviated their boredom by singing songs while they waited. 他们通过唱歌来减轻等待时的烦躁。

We want to help alleviate their lack of food. 我们想帮助他们缓解粮食短缺的状况。

<35>interact vi. 1.(with) communicate with sb. 交流

Linda has a problem of interacting with other children in her class. 琳达不能和班里别的孩子交流。

To be a good teacher, you have to interact well with all sorts of students. 要成为一个好老师,你必须能和各种各样的学生很好地交流。

2. have an effect on each other 互相作用;互相影响

We learned about how people and their environment interact. 我们了解了人和环境怎样相互作用。

There will be a true global village in which telephones, computers, and televisions interact. 将会出现一个由电话、计算机和电视机联系起来的真正的地球村。

<36>considerable a. fairly large or great 相当大的;相当多的

A considerable amount of research was done here by our science department. 我们科学部承担了这里大量的研究工作。

Attracting tourists to the area is going to take considerable effort. 吸引旅游者来这个地区看来得付出相当大的努力。

<37>furthermore ad. in addition to what has been said; moreover 此外;而且

The house is too small, and, furthermore, it's too far from the city. 房子太小,而且离城里太远。

I don't know what happened to Rupert Ford and, furthermore, I don't care. 我不知道鲁珀特·福特碰到了什么事,而且我也不关心。

Phrases and Expressions

<38>adjust to get used to a new situation 适应

The human body can quickly adjust itself to changes in temperature. 人体能很快地自行调节,以适应气温变化。

I can't adjust to living on my own. 我无法适应独立生活。

<39>familiar to well known to 为...所熟悉

The facts are familiar to every schoolboy. 这些事实是每个中小学男生都熟知的。

The house looked strangely familiar to her. 奇怪的是这座房子在她看来似曾相识。

<40>culture shock confusion caused by contact with a culture other than one's own 文化冲击;文化震撼

I get culture shock every time I come back to this country. 每次回到这个国家我都会经历文化冲击。

For seasoned travelers, culture shock is only a short-term problem. 对于经常旅游的人来说,文化冲击只是一个短期的问题。

<41>tired of (doing) sth. no longer wanting sth. or wanting to do sth. 厌烦(做)某事

I'm tired of your lame excuses. 你的那些牵强的借口,我已经听厌了。

I'm tired of watching TV; let's go for a walk. 电视我已经看腻了,我们去散散步吧。

<42>separate from keep people or things apart from each other 把...分开;分离

This patient should be separated from the others. 这个病人应该与其他患者隔离。

In some way, in the rush to get out of the building I got separated from my mother. 我急急忙忙冲出大楼的时候不知怎么就和妈妈走散了。

<43>prevent from stop sb. or sth. from doing sth. 阻止;防止

Nobody can prevent us from getting married. 任何人也阻止不了我们结婚。

His broken leg prevented him from walking. 他腿断了,无法行走。

<44>recover from return to a normal state from an illness, accident, shock, etc. 从(疾病、事故、震惊等)中恢复

He's now fully recovered from the shock. 他现在已完全从震惊中恢复了过来。

He never really recovered from the sadness of his wife's death. 他从未真正从丧妻的悲伤中走出来。

<45>go through experience a particular process 经历;经受

Has the new law gone through all its stages yet? 新的法律通过了各个阶段的程序没有?

Caterpillars go through several stages of growth. 蝴蝶的一生要经历好几个发育阶段。


 

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