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躺着就能学英语语法Chapter5-5:与定冠词连用的形容词((the+adj.)(MP3)

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躺着就能学英语语法Chapter5-5讲的是与定冠词连用的形容词((the+adj.),附有Mp3和文本。
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躺着就能学英语语法Chapter5-5:与定冠词连用的形容词((the+adj.)

the+名词化的形容词+复数动词[表示一类人或物]
the+抽象事物形容词+单数动词

1.有些形容词可以和定冠词连用,表示一类人或物,这时它为名词作用,叫作名词化的形容词。常见的这类形容词有old, young, blind,deaf, rich, poor, sick, weak, aged等,它们表示复数意义,后面用复数动词。
    the old老年人the aged老人
    the young年轻人the rich富人
    the deaf聋人the blind盲人
    the sick病人the poor穷人
例子:The old and the young are all doing their best for the building of our country.
        老年人和年轻人都在为我国建设而努力。
      They are going to build a school for the deaf and the blind.
        他们准备为聋子和盲人建一所学校。
      The aged are taken good care of in our village.
        在我们村里老人都得到很好的照顾。

2.指抽象事物的形容词与the连用,作主语时连接动词要用单数形式。
    the new新事物the unusual不寻常的东西
    the false虚伪的事物the good好的东西
    the true真实的事物the beautiful美的东西
例子:The beautiful can never die.
          美是不朽的。
      The new will eventually replace the old.
          新事物终将代替旧事物。

容易犯错的句子:
1.我有些重要的事情要告诉你。
错:I have important something to tell you.
对:I have something important to tell you.
当形容词修饰anything, everything, nothing等不定代词时,形容词应放在
这些词的后面作修饰。

2.杯子里没有水。
错:There is not water in the glass.
对:There is no water in the glass.
对:There isn't any water in the glass.
not是副词,后面不能直接修饰名词,而应该用形容词no (=not any)Tn饰。

3.不要害怕。
错Don't afraid.
对:Don't be afraid.
afraid是形容词.所以前面应加be动词。

4.他是一个有病的人。
错:He is an ill man.
对:He is a sick man.
当ill作“有病的”解时习惯上只能作形容词,不能作关系代词。所以不能说an ill man,而应说:a sick man。在英语中,大多数形容词,如:afraid,asleep, alone, pleased, ill等。

5.安感到很高兴。
错:Ann felt happily.
对:Ann felt happy.
look, smell, feel, taste, sound等词作系动词时,后面要接形容词。

6.他对楼上那个人很生气。
错:He was rather angry about the man upstairs.
对:He was rather angry with the man upstairs.
“生某人的气,,应用be angry with;“因某事生气,,be angry about/at。

7.月亮离地球有38万公里远。
错:The moon is 380,000 kilometers far from the earth.
对:The moon is 380,000 kilometers away from the earth.
far不能与表示确切距离的数字连用,应用away来代替。

8.格林先生几乎两米高。
错:Mr. Green is nearly two meters high.
对:Mr. Green is nearly two meters tall.
指人(或动物)的身高以及物体的高度时,一般用tal I,用于建筑物时,tall与high可以换用,形容山的高一般用high.

9.我对这个故事很有兴趣。
错:I'm very interesting in the story.
对:I'm very interested in the story.
日nteresting意为“令人感兴趣的”,可用作形容词,其主语通常是物,也可以作关系代词,既可修饰人也可修饰物。interested“感到有兴趣的”,常用于“be/become interested in”这一结构,其主语应该是人,而不是物。

10.我想商店这个时候已经关门了。
错:I think the shop is close at this time of day.
对:I think the shop is closed at this time of day.
close是动词,表示动作;closed是形容词,表示状态,此例句中形容词表示状态。

11.这台机器出毛病了。
错:The machine is wrong.
对:Something is wrong with the machine.
对:There is something wrong with the machine.
在英语中表示“出了毛病”应用Something is wrong with…或下here is something wrong with…这种句型。

12.她终于睡着了。
错:At last she went to bed.
对:At last she went to sleep.
对:At last she was asleep.
“睡着”英语中应说“be asleep”或“go to sleep",表示状态。go to bed是“上床睡觉”的意思.表示“就寝”这一动作。

13.我非常抱歉。
错:I am quite sorry.
对:I am very sorry.
very sorry, very dangerous等短语中的very通常不能换为quite;同样quite right等短语中的quite也不能换为very,这是英语中的惯用法。

14.英语对我来说很有用。
错:English is very useful for me.
对:English is very useful to me.
根据英语的习惯,形容词。sefu}等后面接人称宾语时,通常与介词to连用,而difficult,hard等形容词一般则为与介词for连用,例如:
It's very difficult for me.
这对我来说很难。

15.英语很难学会。
错:English is hard to be learned.
对:Engish is hard to learn.
按照英语习惯,形容词hard, easy, difficult等后面的动词不定式用主动式,不用被动式。又例:
It was difficult to see.
这很难看清楚。

 

 

 

 

 

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