课堂英语

初中英语高中英语大学英语英语作文校园生活学习方法英语语法经典教程小学英语

主语谓语一致的问题-张道真简明英语语法第十七章谓语(169)

kira86 于2012-11-12发布 l 已有人浏览
增大字体 减小字体
169 .主语谓语一致的问题主语和谓语必须在人称和数上一致:The content of these books 1is very good .这些书的内容很好。Between the two buildings stands a monument . 两座楼之间有一座纪念碑。The results of the examination show that you have made good progress . 考试结果说明你们有很大进步。关于这个问题,下面几点值得注意:1 .主语若是一个抽象概念,谓语都用单数形式:Growing vegetables needs constant watering .种菜要经常浇水。Smoking cigarettes is hazardous to your health .吸烟危害健康。2 .主语若是单数,不受后面状语的影响,谓语仍用单数形式:Nobody but Helen and Kate was there .除了海伦和凯特那儿没人。No one except his parents

169 .主语谓语一致的问题
主语和谓语必须在人称和数上一致:

The content of these books 1is very good .这些书的内容很好。
Between the two buildings stands a monument .
两座楼之间有一座纪念碑。
The results of the examination show that you have made good progress . 考试结果说明你们有很大进步。

关于这个问题,下面几点值得注意:
1 .主语若是一个抽象概念,谓语都用单数形式:
Growing vegetables needs constant watering .种菜要经常浇水。
Smoking cigarettes is hazardous to your health .吸烟危害健康。

2 .主语若是单数,不受后面状语的影响,谓语仍用单数形式:
Nobody but Helen and Kate was there .除了海伦和凯特那儿没人。
No one except his parents knows anything about it . 除了他父母谁也不知此事。

3 . each 和由some , any , no , every 构成合成代词都作单数看待:
Each of us have something to Say .我们每人都有些话说。
Is every body ready ?大家都准备好了吗?

4 . what , who,which 等代词可以左单数看待,也可作复数看待,根据意思决定:which is your room ?哪是你的房间?
Which are your rooms ?哪几间是你们的房间?
Who is knocking at the door ?谁在敲门?
Who are quarrelling ?谁在吵架?

5 . none 可作单数看待,也可作复数看待,看说话人联想的是单数概念还是复数概念:
None ( = Not one )of us has got a camera .我们中间没有一个人有像机。
None of these bookks arr easy enongh for us .这些书全太难,我们看不懂。

6 .有些集体名词可追单数看待,也可作复数看待,根据意思决定:
His family isn't very large .嘶家里人不多。
His family are all music lovers .他家里人都喜欢音乐。
The committee meets twice a month .委员会一月开两次会。
The committee are divided in opinion.委员们意见有分歧。

 1 2 下一页

分享到

添加到收藏

英语语法排行