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专门替中国人写的英语语法第十四章:总复习的例子

lily85 于2014-05-21发布 l 已有人浏览
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在这一章,我们将给很多简短的文章,每一段文章的后面,我们都会有详细的解释,相信这些解释将有助于读者对于文法的了解。

这一篇短文主要的目的在于介绍所谓现在进行式。

who is calling.
i am doing fine.
i am studying for the final examination now.

都是标准的现在进行式,事实上,也必须用现在进行式。

(3)
i have been interested in music ever since i was a small child. when i was seven years old, my mother gave me a violin as a birthday present. i have been taking violin lessons ever since.
i am so much interested in music that i finally decided to go to music school. this was a hard decision for me. i consulted with my parents. both of them encouraged me to go ahead.
yesterday, i was accepted by one of the best music schools in taiwan. i am really happy about this.
这一段话中,我们开始用现在完成式,比方说第一句话就是
i have been interested in music ever since i was a small child.
为什么要用现在完成式呢?道理很简单,这句话里面有有〝ever since〞这个词,凡是有了这个词句,我们就一定要用现在完成式了。
另外一句用了现在完成进行式的句子是:
i have been taking violin lessons ever since.
读者不妨去看看第四章,就知道为什么这里要用现在完成进行式了。凡是〝自从〞某某日开始,而就一直在做的事情,就应该用现在完成式,或者现在完成进行式。
这一段文章里面,我们还用了被动语气。
i was accepted by one of the best music schools in taiwan.
各位读者不妨注意,这被动语气的用法是很正当而且适宜的,如用主动这句话变成了
one of the best music schools accepted me.
这样反而并不太能表达原意。

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