boundary ['baʊnd(ə)rɪ] 界线，边界
pump [pʌmp] 用泵抽
A: We'd better pump the floodwater out of the cellars.
B: But we don't have any instrument now.
overtake [əʊvə'teɪk] 坏天气，麻烦突然降临
backwater ['bækwɔːtə] 回水河汊
predecessor ['priːdɪsesə] n.前任
My present secretary is more capable than her predecessor.
meadow ['medəʊ] 草地，草场
crown [kraʊn] v给……戴花环
holly ['hɒlɪ] 一种冬青植物
wreath [riːθ] 花环
A:I ordered a wreath from the flonst.
B: Who do you want to send it to?
occurrence [ə'kʌr(ə)ns] 偶发事件
【单词搭配】out of proportion to 与……不成比例
A large proportion of the streets were sewered.
site [saɪt] v．使位于
spell [spel] v.招致，带来
【单词搭配】spell losses造成损失 spell trouble招来麻烦
He can do nothing except spelling troubles，
stall [stɔːl] 牲口棚
attic ['ætɪk] 顶楼
sweeping ['swiːpɪŋ] adj.范围广大的
【单词搭配】get a sweeping view 一览无余 sweeping victory全胜
A: Our team won a sweeping victory in the match last week.
B: Congratulations!I hope you will win in the finals, too.
critical ['krɪtɪk(ə)l] adj.危急的
juncture ['dʒʌŋ(k)tʃə] 时刻，关头
【单词搭配】at this juncture就在这个关头
At this critical juncture he lost his head and made a serious mistake.
raft [rɑːft] 木筏
foundations [faun'deiʃənz] 地基
The house is unsafe since the foundations were undermined by earthquake.
stout [staʊt] dj．牢固的
【单词搭配】a stout pair of shoes一双结实的鞋子
A: I never expected that he had such a stout makeup.
B:He often goes to the gym to do exercise.
grapple ['græp(ə)l] 抓住
A: He did all he could to grapple with the enemy．
B: He is brave at any time.