新概念英语

新概念少儿 新概念英语第一册 新概念英语第二册 新概念英语第三册 新概念英语第四册 新概念学习法

新概念英语(第二版第四册)新概念英语Lesson 41

Anonymous 于2011-09-20发布 l 已有人浏览
增大字体 减小字体
新概念英语(第二版第四册)新概念英语Lesson 41新概念英语Lesson 41 The Origin of Things事物本象Education i


新概念英语(第二版第四册)新概念英语Lesson 41
新概念英语Lesson 41 The Origin of Things
事物本象
Education is one of the key words of our time. A man without an education, many of us believe, is
an unfortunate victim of adverse circumstances deprived of one of the greatest twentieth-century
opportunities. Convinced of the importance of education, modern states 'invest' in institutions of
learning to get back 'interest' in the form of a large group of enlightened young men and women
who are potential leaders. Education, with its cycles of instruction so carefully worked out,
punctuated by text-books--those purchasable wells of wisdom--what would civilization be like
without its benefits ?
So much is certain: that we would have doctors and preachers, lawyers and defendants, marriages
and births--but our spiritual outlook would be different. We would lay less stress on 'facts and
figures' and more on a good memory, on applied psychology, and on the capacity of a man to get
along with his fellow citizens. If our educational system were fashioned after its bookless past we
would have the most democratic form of 'college' imaginable. Among the people whom we like to
call savages all knowledge inherited by tradition is shared by all; it is taught to every member of
the tribe so that in this respect everybody is, equally equipped for life.
It is the ideal condition of the 'equal start' which only our most progressive forms of modern
education try to regain. In primitive cultures the obligation to seek and to receive the traditional
instruction is binding to all. There are no 'illiterates '--if the term can be applied to peoples without
a script--while our own compulsory school attendance became law in Germany in 1642, in France
in 1806, and in England in 1876, and is still non-existent in a number of 'civilized' nations. This
shows how long it was before we deemed it necessary to make sure that all our children could
share in the knowledge accumulated by the 'happy few' during the past centuries.
Education in the wilderness is not a matter of monetary means. All are entitled to an equal start.
There is none of the hurry which, in our society, often hampers the full development of a growing
personality. There, a child grows up under the ever-present attention of his parents, therefore the
jungles and the savannahs know of no 'juvenile delinquency.' No necessity of making a living
away from home results in neglect of children, and no father is confronted with his inability to
'buy' an education for his child.
New words and expressions 生词短语
inherit vt.继承 disinherit v.剥夺继承权
illiterate n. 文盲 literary a. 文学的 literature n.文学
circum=surrounding 周围的


- 112 –
文字录入:wuwuandjian 整理发布:kaiziliu
 

新概念英语(第二版第四册)新概念英语Lesson 41
circus 马戏团,马戏场
circumspect a. 慎重的,周到的,小心谨慎的
environment n. (用单数) circumstance n. (用复数)
deprive sb. of sth. 剥夺某人机会 rob: 抢 rob sb. of sth.
e.g. He deprived me of the opportunity of education. / He deprived me of freedom. / I’m
deprived./downfallen.
possess: 拥有 dispossess sb. of sth.
invest: 投资 devest: 拿走
denude v. 使身无分文
convince sb. of sth.e.g. He convinced me of his honesty. (强调结果)
persuade sb. to do sth.e.g. She persuade me to go shopping with her. (强调过程)
His speech is very convincing. (具有说服力)
enlightened: 受到启迪
Listen to both sides, you will be enlightened. (兼听则明)
the enlightenment 启蒙运动 We should base on understanding on reason.
1. ancient philosopher (Aristotle)
2. Renaissance (文艺复兴)
3. scientific revolution
Religion always regarded human as vicious. (well-natured: 人性本善)
Famous figures: Bacon, Locke, Rousseau《The Confessions》
instruct: 指导 instructor 辅导员 cycle of instruction 教学周期
punctuate vt.加强,介入,加标点
underline: 加强
fortify: 加强(工事)
intensify: 强化
preach sermon
missionary: 带着任务到国外传教
defendant n. 被告 (plaintiff: 原告 prosecutor: 原告(尤指刑事)
MA=master of arts: 硕士 PHD:博士 defendant: 论文的答辩者 defend my thesis
mental outlook: 精神面貌 world outlook: 世界观
vision/view/sight
capacity n. 能力 breath capacity: 肺活量
capability/caliber: high caliber
in the capacity of: 以什么身份
e.g. In the capacity of a chairman, I extend a warm welcome to all the delegates.
acupuncture 针灸术
- 113 –
文字录入:wuwuandjian 整理发布:kaiziliu
 

新概念英语(第二版第四册)新概念英语Lesson 41
inherit vt.
inheritor: 继承人
people/folk: 民族 (high civilized)
tribe: backward Mongolian tribe 蒙古部落
clan: 氏族 maternal: 母系 paternal: 父系
illiterate n. 文盲
literate: 有文化的
antiilliteracy 扫盲
compulsory service system 义务服役制
compulsory course 必修科目
optional/selective course: 选修科目
deem=regard/think
I deem him right.
He hampers my progress.
block / thwart
shackle: 枷锁
impede: 阻止
jungle law: 丛林法则
the survival of the fittest 适者生存
savannah: 大草原(比较潮湿的湿地) in South America
delinquency juvenile delinquency
crime/sin/guilt
crime 非常严重 commit
sin: 可以饶恕的罪行 Amitabha
guilt: (抽象)犯罪 I am guilty.
confront vt. 面对 (face 的书面用语)
confront difficulty / be confronted with
There’s a confrontation between the two nations.
Notes on the text 课文注释
key words: 关键词 / an=once, 表强调 / victim: 牺牲品 / adverse
deprived: 被剥夺 (Only with education can a man be successful. )
经典背诵句:
Education is one of the key words of our time. a man without an education, many of us believe,
is an unfortunate victim of adverse circumstances deprived of one of the greatest
twentieth-century opportunities.
(As an apple is not an apple in any things until it is ripe, so a man without education is not a man
in any things. )
- 114 –
文字录入:wuwuandjian 整理发布:kaiziliu
 

新概念英语(第二版第四册)新概念英语Lesson 41
convinced of: 被说服,相信=believing
states=nations=governments
‘invest’: 投资
institutions of learning 学术机构 institutions of higher learning: 高等教育
‘interest’: 利息
in the form of / in the shape of
enlightened: 有知识的 potential: 潜在=possible
elite: 精英
work out=design 设计
punctuate: 加强
wells: 源泉 wells of wisdom: 知识源泉
What would…(虚拟语气)
benefits: 裨益
without (虚拟语气的成分居多)=but for: 若不是,若没有
if there were not its benefits…
The ideas that come to him so thick and fast, where are they now?
名词+疑问句=感叹句
Women, who can live with them? who can live without them?
that we would have 虚拟
spiritual outlook: 精神面貌/世界
bare foot doctor: 赤脚医生
lay stress on: 强调,重视
‘facts and figures’: 数字和事实 (think, judge, reason)
more on a good memory
woman’s wit 没有任何的解释
applied psychology: 应用心理学
capacity of a man to get along with his fellow citizens (nepotism: 裙带关系) / criterion: 标准
fashioned=designed=tailored
bookless: 没有书本 homeless / childless / treeless (a treeless mountain) 名词+less 构成反义词
democratic: 民主的 / imaginable: 可以想象的 most+imaginable/possible (后置定语)
The most relax form possible is to go picnicking.
equality: 平等 / same footing: 同起点
inherited by tradition is shared by all (equality)
in this respect / regard / area: 在这一角度而言
equip (with knowledge) for life
ideal 不具有比较最高级
progressive: 进步的
regain: 重新获得
文字录入:wuwuandjian 整理发布:kaiziliu
- 115 –
 

新概念英语(第二版第四册)新概念英语Lesson 41
Education can be spread to every man possible.
义务制)
(9 year compulsory educational system: 九年
primitive cultures=in ancient times
cultures: 国家, different cultures: 不同的国家
obligation: 义务
binding: 绑, bound (As one of the social members, you had to take responsibility to receive
education. )
‘illiterate’ 文盲
script=word: 文字
compulsory: 强制的,义务的 attendance: 注册或到校报到=education (compulsory / forced /
binding)
before we deemed it necessary
I went out before it rained. (before: (1)直译,之前 (2)之后 )
share in: 分享其中一份
“happy few”: (Greece, Rome, China: private school)
wilderness: 荒野
be equal to+名词或动名词=be qualified for
none of the hurry (拔苗助长): to spoil a child by excessive enthusiasm
full development: 全面发展 / growing personality: 正在生长的人性(人格)
there 指 wilderness
ever-present: 无处不在
Mother’s employment prevents her from being home to greet their children when they return
from school.
jungle: 丛林
know of: 了解,听说=hear of
‘juvenile delinquency’ 少年犯
No necessity of making a living away from home results in neglect of children,
and no father is confronted with his inability to ‘buy’ an education for his child.
e.g. No man will marry her. (对整句 man will marry her 的否定)
be confronted with=face =confront
本文特点:radical: 激进的

相关英语学习内容

您还能输入300

更多>>新概念英语第四册专题

新概念英语第四册视频汇总
新概念英语第四册英音mp3+文本汇总

新概念英语第四册最新更新

新概念英语第一册

新概念英语第二册

新概念英语第三册

新概念英语第四册

新概念英语第四册阅读排行