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世界500强企业员工英语必修课Unit 77 基金

kira86 于2019-07-29发布 l 已有人浏览
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世界500强企业员工的英语必修课,适合在想进外企、以及在职场会用到英语的同学。每个主题分为词汇、短语和对话三个部分。
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Unit 77 Fund

基金

* stock

·n. 股票

* bond

·n. 债券

* individual

·a. 单独的,个人的;独特的·n. 个人(体)

* proceeds

·n. 收入

* professional

·a. 职业的,专业的

* portfolio

·n. 投资组合

* securities

·n. 股票,有价证券

* type

·n. 类型,种类

* treasury

·n. 国库,财政部,国债

* return

·n. 归还,返回,(收益)回报,申报

* fund

·n. 基金;储备

* shareholder

·n. 股东

* capital

·n. 资金

* redemption

·n. 赎回,救赎,赎罪,补偿

* interest rate

利率

consolidate

· v. 巩固,加强

administer

·vt. 管理,执行

pool

· v. 共用,汇集

subscription

·n. 捐款

trustee

·n. (财产、业务等的)受托人

embezzle

·vt. 盗用,挪用

allocate

·vt. 分配,分派,把……拨给

contribute to

为……作贡献,为……捐款或撰稿

found

·vt. 创立,创办,创建

earmark

· v. 指定

A: What are stock mutual funds and bond mutual funds?

什么是股票型共同基金和债务型基金?

B: Stock mutual funds are funds that sell shares to individuals and invest proceeds in stocks. Bond mutual funds are funds that sell shares to individuals and invest proceeds in bonds. Both are managed by professional portfolio managers who decide what securities to purchase.

股票型基金是指卖给个体股份并投资股票的基金。债务型基金是指卖给个体股份并投资债券的基金。二者都是在专业的投资组合管理者的管理下,决定购买什么类型的股票和证券。

A: What types do they have?

他们有哪些类型?

B: They have many types, such as growth funds and treasury bond funds. You can search it on the Internet.

有很多类,比如成长基金和国债专项基金。你可以上网查查。

A: Okay. How do the shareholders gain returns?

好的。股东们怎么得到利益?

B: Usually there are three channels. First, dividends received in the funds are distributed to shareholders. Second, proceeds received from the sale of securities are distributed to shareholders. Finally, if price received at redemption exceeds price paid, the profits will be distributed to shareholders.

通常有三种途径。第一种,分配股息给股东。第二种,出售股票或有价证券得到的收入分配给股东。最后,股票赎回的价格超过买进的价格所得的利益分配给股东。

A: What risks are there?

有些什么风险?

B: There are many risks, such as market conditions' susceptibility and the interest rate risk.

有很多风险,比如市场的敏感性,还有利率的风险。

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