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托福橘宝书生物科学词汇:昆虫学和植物学相关词汇
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生物科学词汇 第7 entomology (昆虫学)& botany (植物学)


insect (昆虫)

insect control (昆虫控制方法)

(1) quarantine systems (昆虫控制方法:检疫系统)

(2) cultural control (昆虫控制方法:作物栽种控制)

(3) biological control (昆虫控制方法:生态控制)

(4) chemical control (昆虫控制方法:化学控制)

the bodies of insects (昆虫的身体)

skeleton (昆虫的骨骼)

head (昆虫的头部)

abdomen (昆虫的腹部)

hearing (昆虫的听觉)

the ways of life of insects (昆虫生活的方式)

the evolution of insect flight (昆虫飞行的演化)

ant (蚂蚁)

sense organs (蚂蚁的感官器官)

castes (蚂蚁的阶级制度)

eusociality (蚂蚁的完全群居性)

nests (蚂蚁的巢)

life cycle of ants (蚂蚁的生命循环)

ant intelligence (蚂蚁的智能)

communication (蚂蚁的沟通方式)

kinds of ants (蚂蚁的种类)

(1) army ants (兵蚁)

(2) slave makers (制奴蚁)

(3) harvester ants (收割蚁)

(4) dairying ants (酪农蚁)

(5) honey ants (蜜蚁)

(6) fungus growers (蕈类栽种蚁)

termite (白蚁)

termite towers (白蚁塔)

bees (蜜蜂)

the honey bee colony (蜜蜂的群落)

the body of the honey bee (蜜蜂的身体)

finding food (蜜蜂的觅食方式)

enemies (蜜蜂的敌人)

kinds of bees (蜜蜂的种类)

killer bees (杀人蜂)

spelling bee (拼字比赛)

beekeeping (养蜂)

wasp (黄蜂)

hornets from hell (来自地狱的大黄蜂)

glow worms (萤火虫)

botany (植物学)


biomes (生物群系)

the tundra (冻原)

forests (森林)

the structure of forests (森林的结构)

red alder (赤杨)

fertilizer (肥料)

kinds of fertilizers (肥料的种类)

orchids (兰花)

grasslands (草原)

desert (沙漠)

cactus (仙人掌)

aquatic regions (水区)

parts of plants (植物的构造)

roots (根)

stems (茎)

leaves (叶)

flowers (花)

seeds (种子)

the cultivation of fruits (水果的栽种)

how plants reproduce (植物如何繁殖)

pollination (授粉)

vegetative propagation (植物的无性繁殖)

tulips (郁金香)

bulbs (鳞茎)

(1) cuttage(插木法), (2) grafting(嫁接法), and (3) layering(压条法)

how plants grow (植物如何成长)

germination (萌芽)

plant hormones (植物的贺尔蒙)

water movement (水在植物中的运动)

photosynthesis (光合作用)

respiration (植物的呼吸)

auxins (植物激素)

seed dispersal (种子传播)

carnivorous plants (食肉植物)

plant enemies (植物的敌人)

how plants protect themselves (植物如何保护自己)

chemical "arms race" (植物与动物间的化学武器竞赛)

control of diseases and pests (病虫害控制)

arboretum & botanical garden (树木园 & 植物园)
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