Some of the biggest names in science and technology have called for a global ban on “killer robots”, amid warnings that crossing that threshold would start a new global arms race.
The intervention by more than 1,000 experts in the field of artificial intelligence came in an open letter, which was also signed by Professor Stephen Hawking, the cosmologist, Elon Musk, Tesla’s chief executive, and Steve Wozniak, the co-founder of Apple.
人工智能领域的1000多名专家是在一封公开信中这么呼吁的，宇宙学者斯蒂芬?霍金(Stephen Hawking)教授、特斯拉(Tesla)首席执行官埃伦?穆斯克(Elon Musk)以及苹果(Apple)联合创始人史蒂夫?沃兹尼亚克(Steve Wozniak)也在这封信中签名。
Although “robot soldiers” are still confined to the drawing board, the rapid advances in computational power and artificial intelligence have raised the prospect that the military could field one within two decades.
The petition, which will be presented on Tuesday at the International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Buenos Aires, warns that the development of weapon systems that can independently identify and attack targets without any human intervention would create the “third revolution in warfare” after the invention of gunpowder and nuclear weapons.
这封请愿书将于周二递交位于布宜诺斯艾利斯的国际人工智能联合会议(International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence)。信中警告称，继发明火药和核武器之后，能够在没有人类干预下独立识别并攻击目标的武器系统的发展，将带来“第三次战争革命”。
It paints a stark scenario of future conflicts akin to something from the film franchise Terminator.
“Autonomous weapons are ideal for tasks such as assassinations, destabilising nations, subduing populations and selectively killing a particular ethnic group”, the letter states.
“We therefore believe that a military AI arms race would not be beneficial for humanity. There are many ways in which AI can make battlefields safer for humans, especially civilians, without creating new tools for killing people.”
The United Nation is so concerned about the development of what it calls Lethal Autonomous Weapons that it convened its first ever meeting to discuss the risk posed by the new technology last year.
The letter is the second this year co-ordinated by the Future of Life Institute (FLI) hitting out at introducing artificial intelligence to the battlefield. But the latest petition is much harder hitting in calling for a ban on these weapon systems.
请愿书是未来生活研究所(Future of Life Institute)今年协调的第二封抨击人工智能用于军事的请愿书。但最新请愿书在呼吁禁止这类武器系统方面的态度要比第一封强硬的多。
The Pentagon is one of the biggest backers of robotic research and in 2013 one of its think-tanks, the Office of Naval Research, awarded a $7.5m grant to researchers at Tufts, Brown, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Georgetown and Yale to look into how autonomous robots could be taught the difference between right and wrong.
美国国防部是最支持机器人研究的国家之一，2013年，美国智库海军研究办公室(Office of Naval Research)曾向塔夫斯大学(Tufts)、布朗大学(Brown)、伦斯勒理工学院|Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute)、乔治城大学(Georgetown)以及耶鲁大学(Yale)的研究人员发放750万美元补助，以研究如何教授自动机器人分辨对错。