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圣诞节传统习俗:Some Stories behind Christmas Carols圣诞颂歌背后的一些故事(四)(双语)

shaoxin 于2015-08-26发布 l 已有人浏览
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圣诞节传统习俗:Some Stories behind Christmas Carols圣诞颂歌背后的一些故事(四),讲述圣诞颂歌背后的一些故事(四),含有中英双语阅读对照。

The 12 Days of Christmas

圣诞节的12天

In England, between 1558 and 1829, it was not legal for Catholics to practice their kind of Christianity in public or private. Being a Catholic was treated as a bad crime.

在英国,在1558年至1829年之间,这不是合法的天主教徒实行他们在公共或私人的基督教义。成为一个天主教徒被视为糟糕的犯罪。

If you even owned a Catholic Bible, you could be put in prison! Catholics were stopped from worshipping because King Henry VIII fell out with the Catholic Church and started his own 'Protestant' Church (what is now the Church of England). There were many people who were still Catholics and they worshipped in secret.

如果您拥有一个天主教圣经,你会被关在监狱里!天主教徒禁止崇拜,因为亨利八世剔除天主教堂,开始自己的新教教堂(现在的英格兰教会)。有许多人仍是天主教徒,他们偷偷祷告。

The Twelve Days of Christmas' was written in England at the beginning of this time. Some people think that it was written to help children learn about their Catholic religion.

圣诞节的十二天写在英格兰在开始。一些人认为它是为了帮助孩子们了解他们的天主教信仰。

In the carol, the days are supposed to represent special symbols and have hidden meanings, because it was illegal to have anything in writing that would indicate that you were a Catholic.

在颂歌时候,日子被禁止公布代表特殊符号和隐藏的含义,因为它是非法,只要你写了任何表明你是一个天主教徒的东西。

But there's no evidence that this is true and it seems most likely just to be a folk song and that the meanings were added at a later date!

但是没有证据表明这是真的,似乎最有可能是民歌,含义被添加在稍后的日期!

Also, all the symbols can be used by Protestants and other Christians! There was another song called 'A New Dial', written in 1625, which gave religious meanings to the 12 Days of Christmas, but not so people could practise their faith is secret.

同时,所有符号可以由新教徒和其他基督徒使用!有另一个称为“一个新的钟声”的歌曲,写于1625年,使圣诞节的12天有了最开始的宗教含义,但并不是所以人可以证实他们的信仰是秘密。

The 12 Days of Christmas refer to the twelve day period that starts with Christmas day and ends on Epiphany (6th January). The song begins, On the first day of Christmas my true love gave to me... The 'true love' was meant to represent God, the true love of the world. The 'me' in the carol is the Christian man or woman who receives these presents. The meanings given to the 12 Days are:

圣诞节的12天是指从圣诞节开始的12天内并在主显节(1月6日)结束。这首歌开始,在圣诞节假期的第一天我的真爱给我…“真爱”是代表上帝,世界上的真爱。颂歌是基督教中的“我”指的是收到这些礼物的男人或女人。12天的含义是:

The 'partridge in a pear tree' is Jesus who died on the cross. In ancient times a partridge was often used as mythological symbol of a divine, sacred king.

“鹧鸪在梨树”是耶稣死在十字架上的人。在古代鹧鸪常被用作神话象征神圣,神圣的国王。

The 'two turtle doves' are the Old and New Testaments of the Bible - another gift from God. Doves also symbolise peace.

“两个斑鸠”是《圣经》的《旧约全书》和《新约全书》——另一个来自上帝的礼物。鸽子象征着和平。

The 'three French hens' are faith, hope and love - the three gifts of the Holy Spirit. (See 1 Corinthians 13). The French hens can also represent God the Father, His Son Jesus and the Holy Spirit.

“三个法国母鸡”代表信仰,希望和爱——三圣灵的礼物。(哥林多前书13章)。法国母鸡也可以代表神的父亲,他的儿子耶稣和圣灵。

The 'four calling birds' are the four Gospels in the New Testament of the Bible.

“四个调用鸟”是在新约圣经的四部福音。

The 'five golden rings' are the first five books of the Bible also called the Pentateuch, the Books of Moses or the Torah.

五个金戒指的是《圣经》的前五本书亦称摩西五经摩西的书或律法。

The 'six geese a-laying' are the six days of creation.

“六个鹅下蛋”即六天创造。

The 'seven swans a swimming' are the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit. (See 1 Corinthians 12:8-11, Romans 12, Ephesians 4, 1 Peter 4:10-11)

“七天鹅游泳”的七个礼物是圣灵。(见哥林多前书12:8-11,罗马书12,以弗所书4,彼得4:10-11)

The 'eight maids a milking' are the eight beatitudes, Jesus' teachings on happiness. (See Matthew 5:3-10)

“八个女佣挤奶”是八事,耶稣的教义上的幸福。(见马太福音5:3-10)

The 'nine ladies dancing' are nine fruits of the Holy Spirit. (See Galatians 5:22)

“九女士跳舞”是九圣灵的果实。(加拉太书5:22)

The 'ten lords a-leaping' are the Ten Commandments in the Bible. (See Exodus 20)

“十个领主跳跃”是《圣经》十诫。(见《出埃及记》第20章)

The 'eleven pipers piping' are the eleven faithful disciples of Jesus.

“十一风笛手管道”是11个耶稣忠实的门徒。

The 'twelve drummers drumming' were the twelve points of the Apostles' Creed.

十二个鼓手击鼓是使徒信条的12个指向。

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