first, for the causes or parties that sue.
there be (says the scripture) that turn judgment into wormwood; and surely there be also that turn it into vinegar; for injustice makes it bitter, and delays make it sour. “有人把审判变为苦艾”（《圣经》这样说）；确实也有人把审判变为酸醋；因为不公正使审判变苦，而迟延使审判变酸。
the principal duty of a judge is to suppress force and fraud; whereof force is the more pernicious, when it is open, and fraud, when it is close and disguised. 法官的主要职责是压制暴力与诈骗；暴力公开时更加恶毒，诈骗秘密时更加险恶。
add thereto contentious suits, which ought to be spewed out, as the surfeit of courts.
a judge ought to prepare his way to a just sentence, as god uses to prepare his way, by raising valleys and taking down hills: so when there appeares on either side an high hand, violent prosecution, cunning advantages taken, combination, power, great counsel, then is the virtue of a judge seen, to make inequality equal; that he may plant his judgment as upon an even ground.