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An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding [人类理智研究]

所属栏目: Others

点    击: 268

作    者:David Hume

小说大小:414 KB

推荐等级:2级

整理时间:2011-03-01

内容简介

本书作者为休谟(非莱布尼茨)。《人类理智研究》试图确定人类认识的原则。其理论基础是两类认识对象的划分。首先,所有这些对象或者是“印象”,或者是“观念”。印象是感觉的张极材料,观念是这些材料的复合、变换、扩大或缩减。据此休休谟提出一种意义理论:一个不直接代表印象的词,只能当它能提供可以通过心理过程从印象得出的观念时,才有意义。其次,全部认识对象或者是“观念间的关系”或者是“事实”

An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding is a book by the Scottish empiricist philosopher David Hume, published in 1748. It was a revision of an earlier effort, Hume's A Treatise of Human Nature, published anonymously in London in 1739–40. Hume was disappointed with the reception of the Treatise, which "fell stillborn from the press,"[1] as he put it, and so tried again to disseminate his more developed ideas to the public by writing a shorter and more polemical work.

The end product of his labours was the Enquiry. The Enquiry dispensed with much of the material from the Treatise, in favor of clarifying and emphasizing its most important aspects. For example, Hume's views on personal identity, do not appear. However, more vital propositions, such as Hume's argument for the role of habit in a theory of knowledge, are retained.

This book has proven highly influential, both in the years that would immediately follow and today. Immanuel Kant points to it as the book which woke him from his self-described "dogmatic slumber" The Enquiry is widely regarded as a classic in modern philosophical literature.

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