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英语诵读: 感恩节的由来

kira86 于2020-07-17发布
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Thanksgiving Day

感恩节

Thanksgiving Day is always celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November. It is the most traditional American holiday. The first Thanksgiving was held in Massachusetts in 1621. After a year of great hardship, the colonists wanted to give thanks to God for their first harvest. They invited their Indian friends to join them in a big feast. Today the holiday is still celebrated as a day for giving thanks. But it wasn’t a regular national holiday until President Lincoln declared that the last Thursday in November would thereafter be Thanksgiving Day in 1863. It is a day of family reunion and it is customary to invite friends to share the meal. In some large cities, there are important football games that are played on Thanksgiving Day.

感恩节总是在十一月第四个星期四这一天庆祝。这是美国最传统的节日。第一个感恩节于1621年在马萨诸塞州庆祝。在一年的艰辛劳作之后,移民们想为自己的第一次收获向上帝致谢。他们邀请印第安朋友参加他们的盛大宴会。如今,这个节日还是为表达谢意而庆祝的。但是,原来这不是一个固定的国家节日,直到林肯总统在1863年宣布,往后在十一月的最后一个星期四为感恩节,这个国家节日才固定下来。这是一个家庭团聚的日子,按照习惯会邀请朋友们一同欢宴。在一些大城市里,在感恩节还进行重要的足球比赛。

For Americans, Thanksgiving Day is one of the few days of the year when the entire family gets together. Everyone is glad to see everyone else and there is a very busy exchange of greetings. The women soon disappear into the kitchen to help prepare the dinner. The men, meanwhile, settle down to watch a football game on television, or to discuss business or politics. If weather permits, some of the more athletic men go outside to play ball with the children. Then everyone will sit down to dinner, in which traditional Thanksgiving foods such as stuffed turkey, sweet potatoes, chestnuts, and pumpkin pie are served. After dinner, people will sit around and talk.

对美国人来说,感恩节是一年之中少有的几个全家人聚在一起的日子。大家相见都分外高兴,互道问候。妇女们很快就不见了,都进了厨房,帮助准备饭菜。同时,男人们则安坐下来观看电视上的足球赛,或者谈论生意或政治。如果天气好,有些爱运动的人会到户外和孩子们玩球。接着,大家都坐下来用餐。端上桌的有传统的感恩节食物,如填料火鸡、红薯、栗子和南瓜饼。饭后,人们会围坐在一起聊天。

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