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BBC英语新闻:奥巴马努力阻止美国陷入财政悬崖(双语)

Lily85 于2013-01-03发布 l 已有人浏览
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为阻止意大利陷入欧洲债务危机,去年意大利总理马里奥·蒙蒂接受任命,目前他已离任,并将在意大利即将举行的选举中领导中间党派联盟。蒙蒂在新闻发布会上称,他将领导一个联盟以实施其改革议程。David Willey在罗马报道。
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BBC News with Iain Purdon
Iain Purdon为你播报BBC新闻。

The outgoing Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti, appointed last year to prevent Italy coming to the Eurozone debt crisis will head an alliance of centrist parties in the country's upcoming elections. At a news conference, Mr Monti said he would prepare to lead a coalition supporting his reform agenda. David Willey reports from Rome.
为阻止意大利陷入欧洲债务危机,去年意大利总理马里奥·蒙蒂接受任命,目前他已离任,并将在意大利即将举行的选举中领导中间党派联盟。蒙蒂在新闻发布会上称,他将领导一个联盟以实施其改革议程。David Willey在罗马报道。

Mr Monti who resigned earlier this month after 13 months in office, as head of the government of technocrats has now clearly thrown his head into the political ring in the general election due to be held at the end of February. After talks with leaders of the Center parties, Italy's former European commissioner made it clear that he will seek a second term. The election will be a three-way race between the Democratic Party, leading the polls at the moment, Silvio Berlusconi's Freedom Party which is trailing for other hand, and Mr Monti's center grouping which observers say could attract up to 15% of the vote.
就职13个月的蒙蒂已于本月初辞职,作为学者型政府的首脑,他现在准备在2月底举行的大选中加入政治集团。在与中间党派领袖商谈后,这位欧盟委员会前成员明确表示将寻求第二任期。选举将呈三足鼎立之势,目前民主党在民调中领先,西尔维奥·贝卢斯科尼的自由党也参与角逐,观察家称蒙蒂的中间党派将赢得15%的支持率。

President Obama has begun meeting Congressional leaders at the White House to try to reach a last minute deal to prevent the US falling off what's been dubbed the fiscal cliff. But there is growing doubts that the trigger for hundreds of billions of dollars in automatic tax rises and spending cuts can be avoided before the deadline of new year's day. From Washington here's is Zoe Conway.
总统奥巴马与国会领袖在白宫会面,努力在最后时刻阻止美国陷入财政悬崖,目前这一局面很有可能发生。但也有越来越多的人怀疑,自动增税数千万美元并削减开支的做法是可以在年底避免的。Zoe Conway在华盛顿报道。

There is increasing pessimism in Washington that the American can be safed from going over the fiscal cliff. Many people believed that Democrats and Republicans are too far apart on taxes and spending to reach a deal. And there is concern that apparent lack of urgency. The House of the Representatives is not backing session until Sunday night. The senate is open for business but it's not debating the fiscal cliff.
华盛顿目前越发悲观,担心美国可能无法避免财政悬崖。许多人认为民主党和共和党在税收和开支方面分歧太大,难以达成协议。人们还担心双方缺乏紧迫感,众议院直到周日晚上才开会。参议院目前正在开会,但辩论的话题并未财政悬崖。

The Burmese government has announced that the private newspapers are to be allowed for the first time in decades, it follows the abolition of direct government media censorship in August. Our Southeast Asia correspondent Jonathan Head reports.
数十年来,缅甸政府首次宣称允许私人报刊存在,就在此前8月份,政府废除了对媒体的直接审查。东南亚记者Jonathan Head报道。

In a country with a rich intellectual past where electronic entertainment is still very basic, there is a great deal of printed material for sale in Burma. There are around 180 weekly magazines now filled with disgraced comment on Burma's political changes, but daily newspapers are still a state monopoly, that would change, according to a statement from the Information Ministry. From Februray next year, any Burme citizen can apply to publish a daily paper in any language.
缅甸社会过去的文化程度较高,而电子娱乐仍处于初级水平,目前缅甸有大量印刷资料出售。缅甸目前有约180家充斥着政改评论的周刊,这些评论很杂乱,但日报仍处于垄断状态,而信息部在声明中表示这方面将会改变。从明年1月起,缅甸的任何一位公民都可以申请出版任何语言的日报。

Washington says it deeply regrets Russia's passing over a controversial law which bans Americans from adopting Russian children. The State Department said it was a political motivated decision which would reduce adoption possibilities for orphans. The measure signed into a law via President Putin, is a part of Moscow's retaliation against the American legislation that impose sanctions on Russian officials accused of human rights violations.
此前俄罗斯通过法律禁止美国人收养俄罗斯儿童,引起议论纷纷,对此,华盛顿表示非常遗憾。国务院称该决定出于政治目的,会减少孤儿被收养的集会。这项措施是由总统普京签署为法律,作为莫斯科对美国报复手段的一部分,此前美国通过立法向被控侵犯人权的俄罗斯官员进行制裁。

World News from the BBC

Doctors treating an Indian woman who was gang raped in Dehli earlier this month say her vital signs are deteriorating. The doctors at a hospital in Singapore where she's been treated at the Indian government's expense said there were signs of severe organ failure. They say her families are by her side.
本月初被轮奸的印度女子的医生称,这位女子状况每况愈下。女子目前在新加坡一家医院接受治疗,由印度政府支付费用,医生称女子表现出器官衰竭的迹象。他们称女子的家人陪伴在她身边。

The Main opposition party in Ghana has filed a petition at the Supreme Court challenging the results of this month's presidential election which was won by incumbent John Mahama. Our African editor Mary Harper has this report.
加纳主要反对派向最高法院就本月的总统选举结果提起诉讼,现任总统约翰·马哈马在选举中获胜。BBC驻非洲编辑Mary Harper报道。

The opposition leader Nana Akufo-Addo said he had gone to court because of what he described as a mind-blowing evidence of electoral fraud. His party says there were problems with some 1.3 million votes enough to affect the overall outcome of the poll. The election observers, however, describe the poll as free and fair. The last time Mr. Akufo-Addo fought presidential election in 2008, he conceded defeat even though he lost by just one percentage point. Ghana is considered as one of the most stable democracies in Africa.
反对派领袖纳纳·阿库福-阿多称选举中出现令人震惊的诈骗,因此要上法庭。他的党派称大约1300万张选票有问题,足以影响选举结果。然而选举观察家称选举自由公平。在2008年的选举中,阿库福-阿多称参加总统选举,他只因一个百分点的支持率之差承认败选。一般认为加纳是非洲最稳定的民主国家。

A judge in Chile has ordered the arrests of eight former army officers over the murder of a well-known left-wing singer Victor Jara, who was brutally killed days after the 1973 coup led by General Pinochet. The folk singer and political activist was arrested hours after the coup and taken to a stadium in Santiago where he was tortured and killed. Victor Jara's body was found days later in the streets of the Chilean capital with 44 bullet wounds.
智利法官下令逮捕8名前军官,罪名是谋杀知名的左翼歌手维克多·哈拉,在1973年皮诺切特将军领导的争辩中,哈拉被残忍杀害。这位民歌手兼政治活动人士在政变发生数小时后被捕,然后被带往圣地亚哥一个体育馆,他在那里遭受毒打并被杀。四天后,在智利首都的大街上,人们发现了维克多·哈拉的遗体,身上有44处弹伤。

Elderly parents in China are being given the right to sue their children if they don't visit often enough. The national legislature has amended laws to try to give some protection to old people who feel they are being neglected in a country with a rapidly aging population. Chinese children could face legal action if they don't visit often enough, although there's no guidance as to how often that should be.
如今,如果孩子们不经常探望,中国的老年父母可以提起诉讼。中国目前处于快速的老龄化时代,国家立法机构修改法律以保护被忽视的老年父母。如果不经常探望父母,中国的子女们将会面临诉讼,尽管对探望的频率并无确切规定。

BBC News.

词汇解释

1.upcoming adj. 即将来临的

The prime Minister briefed newsmen about the upcoming American trip.
首相向记者介绍他即将进行的美国之行。

2.technocrat n. 技术统治论者;专家政治论者;技术统治

While China’s big banks do not class loans to SOEs as related party transactions, it is hard to imagine one aspiring technocrat refusing a loan to another, or pricing it punitively.
尽管中国各大银行并不把提供给国企的贷款列为关联方交易,但很难想象一名踌躇满志的技术官僚会拒绝向同僚放贷,或对贷款作出惩罚性的定价。

3.dub vt. 授予称号

Jack was dubbed a hero.
杰克被授予英雄称号。

4.abolition n. 废除;废止

Their discussion centred around the abolition of slavery.
他们的讨论是以废除奴隶制度为中心而进行的。

5.censorship n. 审查制度;审查机构

This variation is not all due to censorship.
这种变异并非仅仅是由于审查。

6.retaliation n. 报复;反击;回敬

There were no injuries or damage, but the attack raised the prospect of further Israeli retaliation.
这次袭击没有造成伤亡或者破坏,但是却使以色列有可能进一步报复。

7.mind-blowing adj. 使兴奋的;引起幻觉的

When you reflect on how far we humans have come from the prehistoric caves to mind-blowing technological advancements, you would feel the power of imagination.
当你思考我们人类发展,从史前的洞穴生活到现在令人惊叹的科学技术的突飞猛进,你会感到想象力的威力。

8.concede vt. 承认;退让;给予,容许

He conceded the election to his opponents.
他承认他在竞选中输给对手。

内容解析

1.The election will be a three-way race between the Democratic Party, leading the polls at the moment, Silvio Berlusconi's Freedom Party which is trailing for other hand, and Mr Monti's center grouping which observers say could attract up to 15% of the vote.

three-way race 三足鼎立

As polls had suggested for weeks, it was a three-way race on the Democratic side.
正如几周来的民调结果所示,民主党方面形成了三足鼎立的局面。

In 1997, he won a three-way race by a margin of less than 2% to become the third president elected since democracy and the first from the non-ruling conservative party.
1997年,金大中以不到2%的微弱得票优势战胜了另外两名挑战者,当选为韩国民主化以来第三任总统,也是首位来自非执政的保守党的总统。

2.The Main opposition party in Ghana has filed a petition at the Supreme Court challenging the results of this month's presidential election which was won by incumbent John Mahama.

file a petition 提交请愿书

She have file a petition for divorce.
她已经提出离婚的要求。

Marks and Hauser just filed a petition to discharge Bruiser's Bill.
马克和豪瑟刚刚递交了关于布鲁斯的提案的请愿书.

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