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BBC英语新闻:科学家称悬浮微粒会影响珊瑚礁生长(双语)

Cherie207 于2013-04-13发布 l 已有人浏览
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追悼者在埃及首都开罗为在宗派暴力中丧生的科普特基督徒祈祷,随后就发生了冲突事件,埃及国家媒体称有一人丧生,至少65人受伤。
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BBC News with Nick Kelley.
尼克·凯利为你播报BBC新闻。

Egyptian state media say one person has been killed and at least 65 others injured during clashes in the capital Cairo after funeral prayers for Coptic Christians killed in sectarian violence. Witnesses said mourners were pelted with stone as they left St Mark's Cathedral chanting slogans against the ruling Muslim Brotherhood and President Mohammed Morsi. Aleem Maqbool reports.
追悼者在埃及首都开罗为在宗派暴力中丧生的科普特基督徒祈祷,随后就发生了冲突事件,埃及国家媒体称有一人丧生,至少65人受伤。目击者称哀悼者离开圣马克大教堂,高呼反对执政的穆斯林兄弟组织和总统穆罕默德·穆尔西的口号,然后就被投掷以石块。阿里姆·马克波尔报道。

The funerals turned into a demonstration against Egypt's ruling party, it's spilled out into the streets, it wasn't an outpouring of rage, but also fear for what the future holds for minorities here. The priest of the local church Sourial Yunnan says conditions for Christians in Egypt have deteriorated under the ruling Muslim Brotherhood and believes the worse is yet to come.
这场葬礼转变为反对埃及执政党的游行,大家都涌上街头,这不是愤怒的发泄,而是担心少数民族的未来。当地教堂的牧师Sourial Yunnan说,在执政党穆斯林兄弟组织的统治下,埃及基督徒的处境日益恶化,并相信未来还会很糟。

President Morsi has condemned the violence and said any attack on the Cathedral was an attack on him personally.
总统穆尔西谴责这次暴力事件,称对大教堂的袭击也是对他本人的袭击。

Villagers and officials in eastern Afghanistan have said that 11 children had been killed in NATO air strikes on three villages. Locals said some of the children died when the roof of their home collapsed after bombs were dropped in Kunar province closed to the Pakistan border, two women and several insurgents were also killed. One tribal elder said fighting in the area lasted for seven hours. International coalition ISAF said it had no reports of civilian death from the operation but was investigating.
阿富汗东部的村民和官员称三个村庄的11名儿童在北约空袭中丧生。当地人称,在与巴基斯坦接壤的库纳尔省,有的儿童因家中房屋在爆炸中坍塌而丧生,两名妇女和几名叛军也身亡。一名部落长者称该地区的战斗持续了7个小时,国际联盟国际安全援助部(ISAF)称没有得到平民丧生的报告,但已经开始对此进行调查。

The Portuguese Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho has outlined new spending cuts following the constitutional court's rejection of parts of the government's previous austerity budget. Two days ago, the court ruled some cuts were unfair and unconstitutional. In a televised address, Mr Passos Coelho said he remained committed to meeting the conditions for Portugal's international bailout.
葡萄牙总理佩德罗·帕索斯·科埃略制定了新的开支削减措施,此前制宪法庭否决了政府早先紧缩预算的部分内容。两天前,法院判定有的削减不公平、不合宪。帕索斯·科埃略在电视讲话中说,他仍希望满足葡萄牙得到国际援助所需的条件。

On behalf of the government there would be no hesitation, allow me say clearly, so there are no doubts left, the government is committed to all the objectives of the bailout program and reaffirmed that would meet the internal and external obligations of the state. As Prime Minister, I renew my commitment here today, to do all of my powers to attack the additional difficulties and put an end to this crisis once and for all.
我代表政府明确表示,毫无疑问,政府致力于满足援助项目的所有目标,如此重申是为履行国家的国内外责任。作为总理,我今天在这里重申,我将尽最大努力解决其他困难,一劳永逸地解决这场危机。

The German Chancellor Angela Merkel has called on Russia to give a chance to a non-governmental organization. In a speech in the presence of the Russian President Vladimir Putin who is on a visit to Germany.
德国总理安吉拉·默克尔呼吁俄罗斯给某非政府组织一个机会。她当着来访德国的俄罗斯总统弗拉基米尔·普京的面做了讲话:

We are convinced that will be most successful if we have an active civil society, this has already been discussed in German and Russian talks in St Petersburg, and we have to intensify this dialogue to further develop our ideas. In Germany, we know the non-governmental organizations drive innovation, and they should be given the opportunity to do the same in Russia.
我们相信,如果我们的社会是个活跃的公民社会,那就很成功了,我们已在圣彼得堡的德国与俄罗斯对话中谈过这个问题,我们必须加强对话以发展我们的思想。在德国,我们知道非政府组织能促进创新,俄罗斯的非政府组织也应该得到同样的机会。

This is the World News from the BBC
这里是BBC国际新闻频道

The South African military says it will send troops to the Democratic Republic of Congo as part of special United Nations intervention force to fight rebels there. It comes just two weeks after the deaths of 13 soldiers in a controversial deployment in the Central African Republic. The South Africa media suggested troops were in the CAR in return for lucrative mining contract. Pretoria has denied this.
南非军队称将向刚果民主共和国派驻军队,这是联合国特别干预部队打击当地叛军行动的一部分。两周前,中非共和国颇有争议的一次军事部署导致13名士兵身亡。南非媒体称派遣军队到中非共和国是为了有利可图的矿业合约。比勒陀利亚否认这一说法。

The Nigerian militant group, Mend(the Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta), says it was behind an ambush which killed 15 police officers in an oil producing Niger Delta on Friday night. The group has been largely inactive since most of its members agree to amnesty in 2009. Will Ross reports from Lagos.
尼日利亚军事组织尼日尔河三角洲解放运动(Mend)称,周五晚上石油产地尼日尔三角洲发生的突袭事件是自己所为,袭击导致15名警官身亡。自从2009年大部分成员同意赦免后,该组织就不大活跃。威尔·罗斯在拉各斯报道。

An email statement from the militant group known as Mend, said it carried out the attack. It is, however, hard to verify if the email is from the same group responsible for disrupting oil output before an amnesty was agreed four years ago. Last week, an email purportedly from Mend said it was relaunching a campaign of violence in retaliation for the recent jailing of its leader, Henry Okah for terrorism. The Nigerian police denied there is any link between the ambush and the threat by the militants. A police spokesman said the men who opened fire were former militants involved in a dispute over amnesty payments.
来自军事组织Mend的邮件声明自己实施了这场袭击,然而很难确定该邮件的发信者,是否就是4年前同意赦免前扰乱石油产出的那个组织。上周,一份自称是Mend组织发来的邮件称,由于其领袖欧卡最近以恐怖罪被捕入狱,将再次发动暴力袭击作为报复。尼日利亚军队否认这场突袭和武装分子的威胁有何关联。警方发言人称开枪者曾是武装分子,他们曾因赦免费用而发生争议。

Tens of thousands of supporters of the Venezuelan opposition candidate Henrique Capriles have taken to the streets of the capital Caracas ahead of elections to choose a successor to the late President Hugo Chavez. Supporters of Mr Capriles said the march is an opportunity for the people of Venezuela to say the country needs a new leader to tackle its economic problems. Venezuelans go to the polls next Sunday.
委内瑞拉即将举行选举,为已故总统乌戈·查韦斯选出接任者,而目前,反对派候选人卡普里莱斯的成千上万支持者走上首都加拉加斯街头游行。卡普里莱斯的支持者称委内瑞拉人民利用游行这个机会,来表示这个国家需要一位能解决经济问题的新领袖。委内瑞拉人下周日将举行选举。

And finally, Scientists say airborne particles from burning fossil fuels are stunting the growth of coral reef south of the coast of Billes in Panama. The research shows that particles have a cooling effect on sea surface temperatures which limits growth.
科学家称燃烧化石燃料释放的悬浮微粒会抑制巴拿马Billes海岸南部的珊瑚礁的生长,研究发现悬浮微粒会对海平面温度产生制冷效果并抑制生长。


词汇解释:
1.pelt vt. 攻击或投掷;剥皮

The crowed pelted stones at the speaker.
群众纷纷向演讲人扔石头。

2.insurgent n.叛乱者;起义者

By early yesterday, the insurgents had taken control of the country's main military air base.
到昨天清晨为止,叛乱者已经控制了该国的主要空军基地。

3.outline v.概述;略述;描画…轮廓

It may be briefly summarized in the following outline.
这可以用下面的提纲简短地加以概括。

4.renew vt. 使更新;续借;复兴;重申

We have renewed our friendly relationship with Western countries.
我们与西方国家已重建友好关系。

5.lucrative adj. 有利可图的,赚钱的;合算的

He decided to turn his hobby into a lucrative sideline.
他决定把自己的爱好变成赚钱的副业。

6.ambush n. 埋伏,伏击;伏兵

Our soldiers lay in ambush in the jungle for the enemy.
我方战士埋伏在丛林中等待敌人。

7.purportedly adv. 据称,据称地

He was given a letter purportedly signed by the Prime Minister.
他得到了一封据称有首相签名的信。

8.stunt vt. 阻碍…的正常生长或发展

An abnormal climate stunted the crops.
不正常的气候妨碍了庄稼的正常生长。


内容解析:

1.As Prime Minister, I renew my commitment here today, to do all of my powers to attack the additional difficulties and put an end to this crisis once and for all.

put an end to 结束;终止

We must put an end to the pointless conflict.
我们必须结束这毫无意义的冲突。

Her sudden arrival put an end to their meeting.
她的突然来到使他们的会议终止了。

2.In a speech in the presence of the Russian President Vladimir Putin who is on a visit to Germany.

in the presence of 在…面前;有某人在场

The boy was ill at ease in the presence of the headmaster.
那男孩在校长面前感到局促不安。

Don't get gay in the presence of so many people.
不要在那么多人面前放肆。

Speak out in the presence of everyone.
当着大家谈。

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