Welcome to 10 minutes of international current events.From the CNN Center in Atlanta, Georgia, I'm Carl Azuz.We're star'Caribbean nation of Cuba.
Yesterday was the third time the Cuban President Raul Castro and U.S. President Barack Obama met face to face since the two sides agreed to normalize relations.It was the first time that a U.S. president visited the island since Calvin Coolidge went there in 1928.President Obama is hoping to influence the Cuban leader to make significant reforms, especially when it comes to issues like human rights and the communist government’s control over Cuban businesses.
Cuba hasn’t moved as quickly to address these issues as the Obama administration had hoped and President Castro says there are profound differences that would always remain between Cuba and the U.S.But President Obama says the intention is to get the ball rolling, knowing that change wasn't going to happen overnight.It's a communist-run island just 90 miles off the United States, and for more than 50 years, relations between Cuba and the United States have been chilly at best, until now.U.S. and Cuba relations in two minutes.Beginning of the rise of power of Fidel Castro in Cuba.Castro and his joyous troops were joyously acclaimed following his incredible victory over Batista.In 1959, Fidel Castro leads an army of thousands into Havana, forcing out the dictator Batista at the time, and becomes the country's new leader.There are high hopes for the young revolutionary, but also immediately confrontation begins with the United States.The U.S. places an embargo on Cuba and soon after it breaks off, diplomatic relations.Later the infamous, failed U.S. invasion at the Bay of Pigs.The CIA hatches plans to assassinate Castro, hundreds of plots, according to the Cubans.And soon, the Soviet Union secretly deploys nuclear missiles to Cuba.To regard any nuclear missile launched from Cuba or against any nation in the Western Hemisphere as an attack by the Soviet Union on the United States.
The Cuban missile crisis lasts just two weeks.But Cuba and the United States remained locked in Cold War tensions for decades.
In 1980, an exodus as more than 100,000 Cubans come to the United States after Castro loosens restrictions.Two decades later, another Cuban leaving by boat, 6-year-old Elian Gonzalez.His arrival in the United States sparks custody battles, which Fidel Castro transforms into a propaganda victory.Fidel Castro said he expected to die in power.But in 2006, a mystery illness forces him to step down.His brother Raul takes over, and in 2015, does what many considered to be unthinkable: Restores diplomatic relations with Cuba's long-time nemesis, the United States.
One thing you notice when you see scenes of Cuba's capital-old cars.Many of them American, classics like Chevy Bel-Airs, vintage Plymouths and Pontiacs.There are an estimated 60,000 of them left in Cuba, and they could easily be described by some investors as romantic icons of American automotive history.But only a tiny percentage of Cubans can actually afford cars, and for those few who can, keeping these classics running is their only choice.How Cuba keep old cars running.A lot of you have been asking, how the Cubans keep all of these classic cars on the road?And you can see what Alberto is doing here right now.