英语单词

听力入门英语演讲VOA慢速英语美文听力教程英语新闻名校课程听力节目影视听力英语视频

因研究细胞感知氧气水平而获得诺贝尔生理学或医学奖

zlxxm 于2019-12-24发布 l 已有人浏览
增大字体 减小字体
"氧是生命所必需的,几乎所有的动物细胞都利用它把食物转化为可用的能量。然而,细胞、组织和动物本身所能获得的氧气量却有很大的不同。"
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

Nobel in Physiology or Medicine for How Cells Sense Oxygen Levels

因研究细胞感知氧气水平而获得诺贝尔生理学或医学奖

The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institute has today decided to award the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine jointly to William Kaelin, Sir Peter Ratcliffe and Gregg Semenza for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability.

“今天,卡罗林斯卡学院的诺贝尔委员会决定将2019年诺贝尔生理学或医学奖联合授予威廉·凯林、彼得·拉特克利夫爵士和格雷格·塞门扎,以表彰他们在细胞感知和适应氧气供应方面的发现。”

Thomas Perlmann, secretary of the Nobel Assembly, shortly after 5:30 A.M. (Eastern Time).

诺贝尔大会秘书托马斯·珀尔曼在美国东部时间早上5点30分刚过时宣布。

Gregg Semenza was born in 1956 in New York. He performed his prizewinning studies at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, where he's still active. Sir Peter Ratcliffe was born in 1954 in Lancashire in the U.K. He performed his prizewinning studies at Oxford University. And he's continuing to do his research at Oxford University, and he's also at the Francis Crick Institute in London. And William Kaelin, born in 1957 in New York - he performed his prizewinning studies at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, where he's still active in his own lab.

格雷格·塞门扎1956年出生于纽约。他在巴尔的摩的约翰霍普金斯大学完成了他的获奖研究,在那里他仍然很活跃。彼得·拉特克利夫爵士1954年出生于英国的兰开夏郡。他的获奖研究完成于牛津大学,而且他目前仍继续在牛津大学和伦敦的弗朗西斯克里克研究所做研究。1957年出生于纽约的威廉·凯林在波士顿的丹娜-法伯癌症研究所完成了他的获奖研究,获奖后他也仍然活跃在自己的实验室。

Karolinska Institute researcher Randall Johnson studies the effects of low oxygen. He explained the significance of the work of the new Nobel laureates:"This year's Nobel Prize is awarded for determining how oxygen levels are sensed by cells. Oxygen is essential for life and is used by virtually all animal cells in order to convert food to usable energy. However, the amount of oxygen available to cells, tissues and animals themselves can vary greatly. This prize is for three physician-scientists who found the molecular switch that regulates how our cells adapt when oxygen levels drop.

卡罗林斯卡学院的研究员兰德尔·约翰逊研究低氧的影响。他解释了新诺贝尔奖得主工作的重要性:“今年的诺贝尔奖颁发给了确定细胞如何感知氧气水平的科学家。氧是生命所必需的,几乎所有的动物细胞都利用它把食物转化为可用的能量。然而,细胞、组织和动物本身所能获得的氧气量却有很大的不同。这个奖项是颁给三位科学家的,他们发现了一种分子开关,可以调节细胞在氧气水平下降时的适应能力。”

Applications of these findings are already beginning to make their way to the clinic, with potential drugs used to treat anemia and to treat some forms of cancer. These fundamental findings have greatly increased our understanding of how the body adapts to change. And applications of these findings are already beginning to affect the way medicine is practiced. This year's three laureates have greatly expanded our knowledge of how physiological response makes life possible.

“这些发现的应用已经开始进入临床,可能用于治疗贫血和某些癌症的药物。这些基础发现大大增加了我们队身体如何适应变化的理解。这些发现的应用已经开始影响医学实践的方式。今年的三位获奖者极大地扩展了我们对生理反应如何使生命成为可能的认识。”

For an in-depth listen about the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, look for the Scientific American Science Talk podcast later today.

想要更深入地了解2019年诺贝尔生理学或医学奖,请看今天晚些时候的《科学美国人》科学讲座播客。

- Steve Mirsky

 1 2 下一页

分享到

添加到收藏

英语新闻排行