A lot of people were displaced in Kenya in 2012. A year-end report says hundreds of thousands remained or were newly displaced by many causes.
The Internal Displacement Monitoring Center says displacement is not new to Kenya. Since independence in 1963, it says the country has been caught in a “quagmire of armed conflict, localized violence, sudden and slow onset disasters, political factors and development projects.” This includes violence triggered by ethnicity, land and water resources, cattle and drought.
Clare Spurrell, the center’s chief spokesperson, called it a “toxic cocktail” of conditions within Kenya.
“The situation in 2012 is complicated. Obviously, the situation in Kenya with regards to displacement has been complicated for many years. At the beginning of 2012 it was estimated that some 300,000 people remained displaced within the country. And by the end of November it was estimated that about 118,000 had been newly displaced,” she said.