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VOA常速英语新闻:乌干达气候导致脑部疾病(双语)

Lily85 于2013-01-16发布 l 已有人浏览
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科学家称发现与气候有关的首个主要神经疾病,乌干达的一项研究显示,降雨量能影响身患致命脑部感染婴儿的数量。估计撒哈拉以南非洲每年有10万婴儿感染此病
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Scientists say they have found the first major neurological condition linked to climate. A Ugandan study shows the amount of rainfall can affect the number of infants who develop a deadly brain infection. It’s estimated 100-thousand infants in sub-Saharan Africa get the infection every year.
科学家称发现与气候有关的首个主要神经疾病,乌干达的一项研究显示,降雨量能影响身患致命脑部感染婴儿的数量。估计撒哈拉以南非洲每年有10万婴儿感染此病。

It’s called Hydrocephalus -- a build-up of fluid that leads to a swelling of the brain and an enlarged head. Dr. Steve Schiff said that without treatment it can cause brain damage or death.
这种病就是脑积水,病症是脑内积水并导致头部发胀,史蒂夫·希夫医生说,不加治疗的话这种疾病会导致脑部受损或死亡。

“Hydrocephalus is literally a medical word that means water on the brain. It is the most common reason that a child would need to have neurological surgery,” he said.
“脑积水是个医学名词,意思就是脑内的水,需要做神经手术的孩子大多都是因为身患此病。”

The director of the Center for Neural Engineering at Penn State University said a small amount of fluid surrounding the brain is normal.
宾夕法尼亚州立大学神经工程中心主任说脑部周围存在少量液体是正常的。

“We produce about a cup of fluid a day and it bathes and cushions our brains. And every drop we make has to be taken out of the head by the body. And there are tiny, little fluid channels that allow that to happen,” he said.
“人每天要制造大约一杯的液体,这些液体能洗刷和缓和大脑。人制造的每一滴液体都会经由身体排出大脑,体内有微小的管道让液体排出。”

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