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VOA常速英语新闻:华盛顿本周争论焦点—紧缩政策(双语)

Lily85 于2013-02-26发布 l 已有人浏览
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美国将在周五自动开始全面的联邦预算削减即减赤。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

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America is bracing for across-the-board federal spending cuts, known as a sequester, that will automatically begin Friday.
美国将在周五自动开始全面的联邦预算削减即减赤。

“They will slow our economy. They will eliminate good jobs. They will leave many families who are already stretched to the limit scrambling to figure out what to do,” President Barack Obama warned.
总统奥巴马警告说,“这会使经济发展放缓,削减不错的工作岗位,使那些已经捉肘见襟的家庭更加难以度日。”

The president has urged Congress to pass an alternative deficit-reduction package of targeted spending cuts and revenue hikes.
总统敦促国会对针对性的开支削减和财政增加采取其他减赤方案。

“These cuts do not have to happen. Congress can turn them off anytime with just a little compromise. They can pass a balanced plan for deficit reduction,” he noted.
“不一定非要进行削减,国会可以放弃这个方案,做出一点点妥协。国会可以通过平衡的减赤方案。”

But Republicans reject additional tax revenue, arguing the root of America’s fiscal imbalance is runaway spending.
但共和党反对增加税收,称美国财政平衡不平衡的根本原因在于过度开支。

“The sequester will be in effect until there are cuts and reforms that put us on a path to balance the budget over the next 10 years, period!” House Speaker John Boehner announced.
众议院议长约翰·博纳说,“这次减赤要见到实效,只有进行削减和改革,从而为未来10年预算平衡奠定基础后才能实现!”

As budget cuts loom, Democrats and Republicans are blaming each other. Fear of voter anger over slashed government services has yet to spur a bipartisan substitute for the sequester.
随着预算削减措施即将付诸实施,民主党和共和党开始相互指责。虽然两党都担心削减政府服务会导致民怨,但都未能就减赤提出两党都同意的折中方案。

 词汇解释

1. across-the-board adj. 全面的

It would institute across-the-board spending cuts from 2014 should the national debt continue to grow faster than the economy.
如果美国的债务增长持续大于经济增速,将会从2014年起实行全面的开支削减。

2.runaway spending 失控的开支

And America would have to take the hardest hit of all if it had continued with runaway spending.
并且假如美国继续有失控的开支行为,其自身也终将承受最大的苦果。

3. loom vi. 可怕地出现;朦胧地出现;隐约可见

The specter of war loomed ahead.
战争的幽灵逼近了。
 

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