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VOA常速英语新闻:美联储主席警告预算僵局影响经济(双语)

Lily85 于2013-02-28发布 l 已有人浏览
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美国在避免即将来临的开支削减方面尚无进展,美联储主席本·伯南克警告议员,无所作为会严重影响美国经济的发展。
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With no progress in Washington to avoid looming spending cuts, Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke warned lawmakers that inaction would sharply slow U.S. economic growth.
美国在避免即将来临的开支削减方面尚无进展,美联储主席本·伯南克警告议员,无所作为会严重影响美国经济的发展。

"Moreover, besides having adverse effects on jobs and incomes, a slower recovery would lead to less actual deficit reduction in the short run," said Bernanke.
“复苏放缓不仅会影响就业和收入,还会在短期导致实际减赤的成果更小。”

Despite the high stakes, the action from Washington has been mostly - finger pointing.
尽管面临的风险很大,华盛顿方面的作为还多为相互指责。

Republican House Speaker John Boehner says it's time for the president and the Democratically controlled Senate to take the lead.
共和党众议院院长约翰·博纳说,现在到了需要总统和民主党控制的参议院带头的时候了。

"The House has acted twice. We shouldn't have to act a third time before the Senate begins to do their work," said Boehner.
“众议院已经行动两次了,要进行第三次行动,那需要参议院开始着手自己的工作。”

The automatic spending cuts, roughly three percent of the federal budget, would slash defense spending and affect government services from border security to meat inspections.
自动开支削减大约占联邦预案算的3%,将削减国防预算,影响包括边界安全和肉食检测在内的政府服务。

The White House wants a more balanced approach that includes cuts and higher taxes.
白宫希望采取包括削减和增税在内的更平衡的方案。

But as it stands, President Barack Obama calls the sequester arbitrary and irresponsible.
就目前来说,总统巴拉克·奥巴马称减赤政策武断又不负责任。

"These cuts do not have to happen," said President Obama. "Congress can turn them off anytime with just a little bit of compromise.'
“我们其实没必要非得削减开支,国会无需削减,只要做出一点点妥协就行了。”

 词汇解释

1.looming adj. 隐隐约约的;正在逼近的

This year, one of the military junta’s first pronouncements was on the looming food crisis.
而今年,军事执政团的第一份声明就是关于迫在眉睫的食品危机。

2.inaction n. 不活动;迟钝

There are serious consequences to Japanese inaction.
日本的无为会有严重的后果。

3.arbitrary adj. [数] 任意的;武断的;专制的

The customer should be driven by business need, not arbitrary pressure from above.
客户应当由业务需求来驱动,而不是来自上司的武断压力。

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