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VOA常速英语新闻:粮农组织希望即时了解饥饿状况(双语)

Lily85 于2013-03-15发布 l 已有人浏览
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衡量世界饥饿程度是个漫长又复杂的过程,通常官员和政府没有最新的信息。如今,世界粮农组织(FAO)希望通过名为“饥饿之声”的新项目改变这一现状。
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Measuring the scope of world hunger is a long and complicated process. Often officials and policymakers don’t have the most up-to-date information. Now, the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization, the FAO, hopes to change that with a new project called Voices of the Hungry.
衡量世界饥饿程度是个漫长又复杂的过程,通常官员和政府没有最新的信息。如今,世界粮农组织(FAO)希望通过名为“饥饿之声”的新项目改变这一现状。

The U.N. agency wants to hear from the people themselves and not just evaluate various data, studies and reports. FAO senior statistician Carlo Cafiero said that the current system of measuring food supplies and hunger, while important, is subject to long delays.
该联合国机构希望亲自听到全世界人们的声音,而不是只分析各种数据、研究和报道。FAO高级统计师Carlo Cafiero说,目前用来衡量食物供应和饥饿的系统尽管很重要,但往往存在很久的延迟。

FAO launches new project to better measure hunger through individual surveys.

“From the moment in which this data is collected to the moment in which it’s cleared, processed [and] sent to us, there may be two or three years delay. And this is if we have current information because consumption surveys are not regular features done annually – not even in the developed countries,” he said.
“从数据收集到弄清楚数据,然后发送给我们,期间要花费两三年的时间。由于不是每年都做消费调查,即使是发达国家也是这样,因此我们就有了这个新的项目。”

Food consumption surveys are generally conducted every five years.
通常是每五年做一次食品消费调查。

“We don’t have a pulse of the current situation. And this became very apparent during the food price crisis,” he said.
“我们无法了解当前的情况,在粮食危机期间这点尤为明显。”

In 2007 many predicted a global economic recession and food prices began to rise. Cafiero says that led to – what he calls – a very pessimistic scenario about food consumption.
2007年很多人预测会发生全球经济衰退,食品价格也会上涨。Cafiero说这种预期导致人们对食品消费非常悲观。

“Only a few years later, we have discovered, for example, that China and India and many other developing countries did not slow down in their economic growth. The pessimistic scenario did not really materialize in each and every country. And that is where the model based prediction to make an estimate of the current situation proved mistaken.”
“几年后我们发现,中国、印度和很多发展中国家的经济发展并没有放缓。这种悲观的状况并没有出现在每个国家,因此那些基于预测而建立的预测目前情况的模型结果是错误的。”

词汇解释

1.up-to-date adj. 最新的,最近的;现代的,新式的

All my correspondence is up-to-date.
我所有的通信手段都是跟上时代的。

2.FAO 世界粮农组织

维基百科解释:

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger. Serving both developed and developing countries, FAO acts as a neutral forum where all nations meet as equals to negotiate agreements and debate policy. FAO is also a source of knowledge and information, and helps developing countries and countries in transition modernize and improve agriculture, forestry and fisheries practices, ensuring good nutrition and food security for all. Its Latin motto, fiat panis, translates into English as "let there be bread". As of 8 August 2008, FAO has 191 member states along with the European Union, Faroe Islands and Tokelau which are associate members. It is also a member of the United Nations Development Group.

3.statistician n. 统计学家,统计员

The statistician diagrammed the statistical results.
统计员用图表来表示统计结果。

4.subject to 使服从;使遭受;受…管制

You should subject yourself to my command.
你必须听从我的命令。

We were subjected to very close questioning.
我们受到严厉的盘问。

5. pulse n. [电子] 脉冲;脉搏

One may feel the social, economic, and political pulse of the state.
任何人都可以感觉到这个国家的社会、经济和政治的脉搏。

6. pessimistic adj. 悲观的,厌世的;悲观主义的

Not everyone, however, is so pessimistic.
然而不是每个人都如此悲观。

7.scenario n.事态,局面

The more likely scenario is that the president will resign and an election will be held.
局面更可能是:总统辞职,然后进行选举。

8. materialize vi. 实现,成形;突然出现

I don't think his plans will ever materialize.
我认为他的计划永远不会实现。

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