Measuring the scope of world hunger is a long and complicated process. Often officials and policymakers don’t have the most up-to-date information. Now, the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization, the FAO, hopes to change that with a new project called Voices of the Hungry.
The U.N. agency wants to hear from the people themselves and not just evaluate various data, studies and reports. FAO senior statistician Carlo Cafiero said that the current system of measuring food supplies and hunger, while important, is subject to long delays.
FAO launches new project to better measure hunger through individual surveys.
“From the moment in which this data is collected to the moment in which it’s cleared, processed [and] sent to us, there may be two or three years delay. And this is if we have current information because consumption surveys are not regular features done annually – not even in the developed countries,” he said.
Food consumption surveys are generally conducted every five years.
“We don’t have a pulse of the current situation. And this became very apparent during the food price crisis,” he said.
In 2007 many predicted a global economic recession and food prices began to rise. Cafiero says that led to – what he calls – a very pessimistic scenario about food consumption.
“Only a few years later, we have discovered, for example, that China and India and many other developing countries did not slow down in their economic growth. The pessimistic scenario did not really materialize in each and every country. And that is where the model based prediction to make an estimate of the current situation proved mistaken.”
1.up-to-date adj. 最新的，最近的；现代的，新式的
All my correspondence is up-to-date.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger. Serving both developed and developing countries, FAO acts as a neutral forum where all nations meet as equals to negotiate agreements and debate policy. FAO is also a source of knowledge and information, and helps developing countries and countries in transition modernize and improve agriculture, forestry and fisheries practices, ensuring good nutrition and food security for all. Its Latin motto, fiat panis, translates into English as "let there be bread". As of 8 August 2008, FAO has 191 member states along with the European Union, Faroe Islands and Tokelau which are associate members. It is also a member of the United Nations Development Group.
3.statistician n. 统计学家，统计员
The statistician diagrammed the statistical results.
4.subject to 使服从；使遭受；受…管制
You should subject yourself to my command.
We were subjected to very close questioning.
5. pulse n. [电子] 脉冲；脉搏
One may feel the social, economic, and political pulse of the state.
6. pessimistic adj. 悲观的，厌世的；悲观主义的
Not everyone, however, is so pessimistic.
The more likely scenario is that the president will resign and an election will be held.
8. materialize vi. 实现，成形；突然出现
I don't think his plans will ever materialize.