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VOA常速英语新闻:IMF预测全球经济整体发展局部不稳(双语)

Lily85 于2013-04-17发布 l 已有人浏览
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就在国际和金融政策领袖与会华盛顿之时,新兴国家的崛起、停滞发展的欧洲和全世界穷人的困境都成了谈论的焦点。
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The rise of emerging economies, a stagnant Europe and the plight of the world's poor takes center stage as international and financial policy leaders meet in Washington.
就在国际和金融政策领袖与会华盛顿之时,新兴国家的崛起、停滞发展的欧洲和全世界穷人的困境都成了谈论的焦点。

While economic growth continues at a healthy pace in developing nations, advanced economies are facing a bumpy road to recovery, says IMF Chief Economist Olivier Blanchard.
IMF首席经济学家奥利弗·布兰查德说,尽管发展中国家的经济发展仍很健康,而发达国家在恢复的路上遇到了困难。

"I think the main challenge is still very much, in Europe," said Blanchard. "The U.S. is doing better, emerging markets are doing fairly well, Europe is still the issue."
“我想主要的挑战仍是欧洲,美国好些了,新兴市场也表示不错,欧洲仍是个问题。”

The IMF says ongoing debt problems in the region and the recent banking crisis in Cyprus are likely to keep the 17-nation eurozone in a mild recession until at least next year.
IMF说,由于该地区不断的债务问题和最近塞浦路斯的银行危机,欧元区17国可能至少在明年之前一直处于温和衰退中。

In contrast, China is forecast to grow eight percent this year with developing economies following close behind. Blanchard says that doesn't mean emerging economies are immune, especially those that depend on exports.
与此相反,中国今年的增长率有望达到8%,其他发展中国家仅次其后。布兰查德说这并不意味着新兴经济体能免受影响,尤其是依赖出口的国家。

"The main challenge for them is to deal with what's happening in advanced countries," he said. "And what this means is fluctuations in trade, capital markets - very volatile, capital flows coming to them. They basically have to handle the capital flows, they have to maintain activity, avoid overheating.
“这些国家的挑战,就是解决目前发达国家面临的问题。这意味着贸易会发生波动,资本市场会很动荡,资本会流入这些国家。它们必须处理资本流动问题,必须保持活力,避免过热。”

 词汇解释

1.uneven adj. 不均匀的;不平坦的;

The table wobbled on its uneven legs.
这桌子腿不平, 直晃悠。

2.stagnant adj. 停滞的;不景气的;污浊的;迟钝的

Their national economy is stagnant.
他们的国家经济停滞不前。

3.plight n. 困境;境况;誓约

The leader was much concerned over the plight of the refugees.
那位领袖对难民的困境很担忧。

4.bumpy adj. 颠簸的;崎岖不平的

The car bottomed too easily on the bumpy road.
汽车在崎岖不平的道路上行驶,其底盘太容易触地了。

5.ongoing adj. 不间断的,进行的;前进的

The problem is ongoing.
这个问题尚未解决。

6.mild adj. 温和的;轻微的;淡味的;文雅的;不含有害物质的的

You might think her temper is as mild as milk, but she is not.
你也许以为她的脾气十分温和,但她不是。

7.immune adj. 免疫的;免于……的,免除的

If stress affects immune responses, then it should also affect how well the body heals itself.
如果压力影响免疫反应,那它必将也会影响身体自我疗愈的能力。

8.fluctuation n. 起伏,波动

The erratic fluctuation of market prices is in consequence of unstable economy.
经济波动致使市场物价忽起忽落。

9.volatile adj. [化学] 挥发性的;不稳定的;爆炸性的;反覆无常的

With the markets being so volatile, investments are at great risk.
由于市场那么变化不定,投资冒着很大的风险。

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