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VOA常速英语新闻:全球作物多样化信托基金的作用(双语)

Lily85 于2013-04-25发布 l 已有人浏览
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农民是最早感知气候变化的人群,对发展中国家的许多农民来说,他们年复一年种植的作物长势不再那么好。结果,农民们不仅寻找新的作物 来种植,还寻找古老的作物来。
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Farmers are among the first to feel the effects of climate change. For many in developing countries, the crops they relied on year after year no longer grow in abundance. As a result, farmers are not only looking for new crops to grow, but some old ones as well.
农民是最早感知气候变化的人群,对发展中国家的许多农民来说,他们年复一年种植的作物长势不再那么好。结果,农民们不仅寻找新的作物来种植,还寻找古老的作物来。

Climate change and food security are tightly linked. Rising global temperatures have brought frequent droughts in some regions or more floods in others. And there may be threats from new pests or plant diseases.
气候变化与粮食安全密切相关,全球气温上升导致一些地区旱灾不断,而其他地区洪水不断。新的虫害或作物疾病也带来了威胁。

In response, farmers can attempt to grow crops that have been successful in other regions or countries, or they can look to their past.
对此,农民们尝试种植其他地区或国家长势好的作物,或者向过去寻找作物。

The Global Crop Diversity Trust, in a sense, is a repository of the past. It collects, preserves and maintains the raw genetic material used in agriculture. Assistant Executive Director Paula Bramel says the trust is the only global organization dedicated to doing that.
全球作物多样化信托基金在一定意义上就是过去作物的储藏室,这里收集、保存并维护农业中使用的原始基因原料。助理执行主任 Paula Bramel说,该信托基金是唯一一个这样的全球组织。

“The environment is changing to the point where farmers can no longer maintain the seeds of the varieties that they always used. And that’s really a loss to everybody because that variety may have a trait that was really critical in the future. And if it’s not collected and saved it won’t be available. [In] a lot of Africa you see this happening.”
“环境变化如此之快,农民们不再能保存过去一直使用的作物品种。而作物的多样化对未来至关重要,因此这是大家的损失。如果不加以收集并保存,非洲很多地方都会出现这种情况。”

词汇解释

1.in abundance 大量的;丰富的;充足的

At the feast there was food and drink in abundance.
宴会上有丰富的饮食。

2.drought n. 干旱;缺乏

The crops died during the drought.
干旱期间庄稼都枯死了。

3.repository n. 贮藏室,仓库;知识库;智囊团

A church in Moscow became a repository for police files.
莫斯科的一座教堂成为警方存放档案的地点。

4.varieties n. 品种;种类(variety的复数);变种

In ten days we collected over 100 varieties.
十天之中, 我们采集到一百多个品种。

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