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VOA常速英语新闻:抗击疟疾上取得的重大进展(双语)

Lily85 于2013-04-26发布 l 已有人浏览
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每个大陆都诊断有疟疾案例,但亚撒哈拉非洲地区情况最严重。医生安东尼·弗契是美国公共卫生研究所疟疾研究负责人,他说寄生虫病是全世界的头号杀手。
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These are the faces that are most likely die from malaria. For every minute that goes by, a child under five years of age dies of malaria.
这些孩子最容易死于疟疾,每五分钟内,每五个孩子就有一个死于疟疾。

Malaria has been diagnosed on every continent, but sub-Saharan Africa is the region most afflicted. Dr. Anthony Fauci, who heads malaria research at the U.S. National Institutes of Health, calls the parasitic disease one of the world's worst killers.
每个大陆都诊断有疟疾案例,但亚撒哈拉非洲地区情况最严重。医生安东尼·弗契是美国公共卫生研究所疟疾研究负责人,他说寄生虫病是全世界的头号杀手。

“We’ve made substantial progress in a global community way with malaria because there are several countries that predict that by 2015 they will have substantially -- by more than 50 percent and up to 75 percent -- decreased the incidents of malaria. Having said that as the good news, the sobering news is that we still have 660,000 deaths per year from malaria,” Fauci said.
“我们在全球各国对付疟疾方面取得重大进展,有几个国家预测2015年前将把疟疾发病率降低50-75%。这自然是好消息,但坏消息是,每年仍有66万人死于疟疾。”

Multiple strategies have been used to fight malaria. Bed nets treated with insecticide protect against mosquito bites. Those infected are treated with drugs early before their disease turns deadly. Pesticides are sprayed to control mosquito populations.
为对抗疟疾,我们使用了多种策略。喷上杀虫剂的蚊帐可预防蚊虫叮咬,而感染者可在疾病转为致命之前用药物处理,喷洒杀虫剂以控制蚊子数量。

词汇解释

1.afflict vt. 折磨;使痛苦;使苦恼

She has been much afflicted by this sad news.
她为此不幸的消息感到很难过。

2.insecticide n. 杀虫剂

This new insecticide kills out most of the pests.
这种新杀虫剂消灭了大部分害虫。

3.parasitic adj. 寄生的(等于parasitical)

Imperialism is monopolistic, parasitic and moribund capitalism.
帝国主义是垄断的、寄生的、垂死的资本主义。

4.malaria n. [内科] 疟疾;瘴气

Malaria is still rampant in some swampy regions.
疟疾在一些沼泽地区仍很猖獗。

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