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VOA常速英语新闻:美国大学生的发明帮助了发展中国家(双语)

Cherie207 于2013-04-01发布 l 已有人浏览
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由于干旱或少雨,东非的很多小农场主都发现很难全年种植作物。
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Many small-scale farmers in East Africa find it hard to grow crops year-round because of drought or too much rain. So a student team from Pennsylvania State University came up with the idea of kits to build small, easy-to-set up greenhouses to help the farmers increase their production up to 20 percent. Team member Arianna DeReus says they're constructed with PVC pipe and rice bags.
由于干旱或少雨,东非的很多小农场主都发现很难全年种植作物。而宾夕法尼亚州立大学的一个学生小组提出建造小型简单的大棚来帮助农民增产20%,小组成员Arianna DeReus说他们用的材料是塑胶钢和大米袋。

“Our design is affordable, durable and expandable, and it’s also made of local materials," DeReus explained. "That reduces transportation costs and it also supports the local economy.”
“我们的设计很便宜、耐用、易推广,用的都是当地的材料。这样就减少了运输成本,还支持了当地经济。”

The greenhouse is part of an exhibition called Open Minds, sponsored by National Collegiate Inventors and Innovators Alliance. Each year, it gives grants to more than 50 college student teams which create business models using innovative technology to help people around the world. The top teams are chosen for an annual exhibition.
大棚是全国大学生发明家和创新者联盟发起的“开放思维”展览会的一部分,每年该联盟都会向50多个大学生团队颁奖,这些团队利用发明技术创造商业模型从而帮助全世界的人们。选出的最佳团队将进行年度展览。

The Alliance was founded in 1995 by the Lemelson Foundation, which supports grassroots inventors. Director Carol Dahl says the young entrepreneurs are helping to lift people out of poverty.
该联盟1995年由支持草根发明家的莫森基金会创建,主任卡罗·达尔说这些年轻企业家们帮助人们摆脱贫困。


词汇解释:
1. portable adj. 手提的,便携式的;轻便的

I always carry a portable computer with me.
我总是随身携带一台手提电脑。

2. vaccine n. 疫苗;牛痘苗

Seven million doses of vaccine are annually given to British children.
英国孩子每年要接种7百万剂疫苗。

3. panel n.镶板;板条;护墙板;窗玻璃片;

She burned the image of a tiger into the wood panel.
她在木嵌板上烙出了虎的形象。

4.sponsor v.赞助;发起

The meeting was sponsored by 16 countries.
此次会议是由16个国家发起召开的。

5.Grassroot n. 草根

Opinion at the grassroots level is sympathetic to the strikers.
基层的意见是同情罢工者。

6.lift out 举起;提升;从…抬出来

Carefully lift out the little gear and the electromagnet.
小心取出小齿轮和电磁体。

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