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VOA常速英语新闻:美国大学为了学生未来好工作努力追赶新技术(双语)

Lily85 于2013-05-08发布 l 已有人浏览
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华盛顿附近的北弗吉尼亚社区学院设有几个校区及75000名学生。这所学校提供了一个两年的副学士学位文凭。
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Northern Virginia Community College near Washington has several campuses and 75,000 students.
华盛顿附近的北弗吉尼亚社区学院设有几个校区及75000名学生。

It offers a two year associate degree.
这所学校提供了一个两年的副学士学位文凭。

Many of its students, including Marc McCarthy, hope to turn computer skills into a new profession and a good salary.
包括马克·麦卡锡在内的很多学生希望凭借计算机技术进入到一个新的行业并带来很好的收入。

“Fortunately in this industry, we are really blessed with a lot of openings,” McCarthy said.
“在这个行业中幸运的是真的有很多空缺,”麦卡锡说道。

McCarthy is back in college after decades working in hotels and restaurants—an industry, he said, that offers few good opportunities in the future.
经过几十年的酒店及餐馆工作后麦卡锡重新回到大学—他表示曾经的工作让自己对未来的希望感到渺茫。

Experts said many U.S. manufacturing, administrative, and middle management jobs have been eliminated by automation and foreign competition in recent years.
专家表示许多美国制造业、管理及中层管理工作在最近几年被自动化和外来竞争淘汰。

Cornell University Labor Economist Sharon Poczter said they were once a ticket to a secure middle class salary.
康奈尔大学劳动经济学家夏农·柏克特表示他们曾经能够确保中产阶级收入。

But the job market has changed.
但现在就业市场已经改变。

“This growth in jobs has been either towards the low skill, low income jobs,
“这些岗位的增长一直要么是低技能、低收入工作,

or the higher skill, higher income jobs,
抑或是更高的技能,更高收入的工作,

and that's why we have seen this hollowing out of the middle class, of the factory jobs, of the office jobs," Poczter said.
这就是为什么我们已经看到这个空洞化的中产阶级,工厂的工作,办公室的工作,”柏克特说道。

Educators tell students it's more important than ever to develop math, science and computer skills because technological change is accelerating ,
教育人员告诉学生比以往更重要的发展数学、科学和计算机技能,因为技术改革正在加速,

and the demand for highly-specialized skills is growing.
而对于特别技能的高需求正在增加。

School administrators are also trying to identify skills needed for emerging professions, and figure out ways to teach them.
学校管理人员也在努力发现新兴职业所需的技能,并找出方法来教给学生。

The president of Northern Virginia Community College, Robert Templin, said it's difficult for schools to hit this “moving target.”
北弗吉尼亚社区学院校长罗伯特·坦普林表示学校很难命中这种“移动的目标”。

"Just in the last five years, new careers in fields like health information technology, cyber security, geospatial systems, these are fields a decade ago didn't even exist.
“仅在过去的五年里,像是健康信息技术、网络安全、地理空间系统这些新的职业领域在几十年前甚至不存在。

So trying to prepare someone for a job that is not yet there is pretty difficult," Templin said.
所以想准备找工作的人,并不是相当困难,”坦普林说道。

But Templin said it's worth the effort because it makes it more likely that graduates will find good jobs.
但坦普林表示,这种努力都是值得的,因为很有可能使毕业生找到好的工作。

Computer Science graduates, he said, can start at $60,000 a year.
计算机科学专业的毕业生,他表示每年开始可以赚到60000美元。

Unemployment for U.S. college graduates is low,
美国大学毕业生的失业率很低,

but a recent survey shows that four out of 10 recent graduates say they are under-employed, doing jobs, like in retail sales, that do not require the degrees they have earned.
但最近的一项调查显示10名毕业生中的4人没有工作,只是在做零售销售等不需他们获得学位的工作。

They are disappointed because these jobs do not bring the kinds of salaries they were hoping to earn.
他们都很失望,因为这类工作不会为他们带来各种希望赚到的工资。

词语解释

1.community n.社区;社会;公众

the people living in one particular area or people who are considered as a unit because of their common interests, social group, or nationality

Here is a local Jewish community.
这是当地犹太人的一个社区。

2.opportunity n.机会;时机

an occasion or situation that makes it possible to do something that you want to do or have to do, or the possibility of doing something

You must grasp this opportunity.
你必须抓住机会。

3.eliminate v.除去;剔除;忽略;淘汰

to remove or take away someone or something

You must eliminate an unknown quantity.
你必须消去一个未知数。

4.accelerate v.加速;提前

When a vehicle or its driver accelerates, the speed of the vehicle increases

Our present task is to accelerate economic growth.
加速经济发展是我们当前的任务。

5.cyber pref.电脑的;网络的

involving, using, or relating to computers, especially the internet

The indictment and recent court documents in the cases pending against Mr. Gonzalez paint him as a rising star in the cyber underground.
起诉书以及近期与他有关的案件的法庭文件将他描述成地下网络的新星。

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