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VOA常速英语新闻:全球免疫项目取得的进步(双语)

Lily85 于2013-05-09发布 l 已有人浏览
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麻疹是全世界儿童头号杀手,这种病不仅导致死亡,还能让儿童失明、耳聋或发育性残疾,即使仍在母亲子宫里也会如此。然而,预防这种疾病,只需一种安全又便宜的疫苗,两剂即可。
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Measles is one of the leading causes of childhood deaths worldwide. Not only does measles kill, but it can leave children blind, deaf or developmentally disabled, even while they are still in their mothers' wombs. Yet the disease can be prevented with just two doses of a safe and inexpensive vaccine.
麻疹是全世界儿童头号杀手,这种病不仅导致死亡,还能让儿童失明、耳聋或发育性残疾,即使仍在母亲子宫里也会如此。然而,预防这种疾病,只需一种安全又便宜的疫苗,两剂即可。

When measles broke out in the U.S. state of North Carolina earlier this year, Pamela McCall was one of the health officials who tracked down the cases.
今年年初美国北卡罗来纳州爆发麻疹时,帕梅拉·考尔是追查病因的卫生官员之一。

"It is one of those immunizations required for school entry, so most people, most children, are vaccinated and most people are vaccinated against it," said McCall.
“这是入学必须的免疫项目之一,所以大多数人,大多数孩子都注射过疫苗,大多数人都能免于此病。”

That's why fewer than a dozen people in North Carolina actually got the disease. In the U.S., vaccines have made many diseases rare, or non-existent. Dr. Chesley Richards is with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
因此,北卡罗来纳州只有十几个人患上此病。在美国,疫苗使得很多疾病变得稀少,或根本不存在。切斯利·理查斯就职于疾病控制与预防中心。

“Vaccines have made an enormous impact on improving health in the United States. Diseases like smallpox, measles, polio, they’ve been eliminated or eradicated in the United States and in the case of smallpox, it’s been eradicated worldwide," said Richards.
“疫苗在改善美国健康状况方面发挥巨大作用,像天花、麻疹、小儿麻痹症等疾病已经被消灭,而且全世界已经根除了天花。”

 词汇解释

1.womb n. [解剖] 子宫;发源地

The baby's head was starting to emerge from the womb.
婴儿的头开始从母亲的子宮中露出来。

2.track down 跟踪追捕;对…追查到底;(根据留下的线索)查线到;探索到

It was not long before I tracked down the lost watch.
不久我就找到了遗失的表。

3.immunization n. 免疫

Health workers spread the word about the benefits of immunization.
医疗工作者宣传关于接种疫苗的好处。

4.polio n. 小儿麻痹症(等于poliomyelitis);脊髓灰质炎

The polio vaccine has saved millions of lives.
脊髓灰质炎疫苗挽救了数以百万计的生命。

5.smallpox n. [内科] 天花

Vaccination immunizes people against smallpox.
种牛痘可以免患天花。

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