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VOA常速英语新闻:南非黑人中产阶级崛起(双语)

Lily85 于2013-05-13发布 l 已有人浏览
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联合利华战略营销研究所称南非的黑人中产阶级人数已达420万,而2004年的人数是170万。
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The Unilever Institute of Strategic Marketing says the black middle class is now 4.2 million people strong, up from 1.7 million in 2004.
联合利华战略营销研究所称南非的黑人中产阶级人数已达420万,而2004年的人数是170万。

And many say their status is hard-won.
很多人称自己的地位是靠奋斗得来的。

"I just started to work hard, you know, basically to have the sort of values that will see you putting your nose to the grindstone, giving your best, that sort of thing," Abdeel said.
Abdeel说,“我刚开始努力工作,要知道,就是埋头苦干、尽自己最大努力的样子。”

Spending by Abdeel and other members of the black middle class is estimated at more than $44 billion a year -- eclipsing white middle class spending, which is stagnating.
预计Abdeel和其他黑人中产阶级的人数每年的消费超过440亿,令正在停滞的白人中产阶级相形失色。

While the middle class is still a small part of South Africa's 52 million people, researchers say it is significant - especially after decades of inequality under apartheid.
在南非5200万人口中,中产阶级仍是很小的一部分,研究者称这一点意义重大,尤其是经历了数十年不平等的隔离制度后。

The Cape Town researchers said middle-class households make between $1,800 and $5,500 a month.
开普敦研究者称中产家庭月收入1800到5500美元。

Professor John Simpson, who headed the study, says the growth of the black middle class could improve South Africa's economy.
负责此项研究的约翰·辛普森教授说,黑人中产阶级的增加能促进南非经济的发展。

"For me, it is the one shining light in an otherwise quite a dismal world. And so, our country's economy hasn't grown since 2008 in quite the way we thought it would. But this group can actually make it grow further," Simpson said.
“对我来说,这是这个令人失望世界里的一个亮点,我国的经济自2008年以来就没有按照我们料想的那样发展。但这个群体确实使得经济发展快了点。”

词汇解释

1.emerging adj. 新兴的;出现的;形成的

Operational Research is a newly emerging subject.
运筹学是一门新兴的学科。

2.hard-won adj. 来之不易的;难得的

The dispute could destroy Australia's hard-won reputation for industrial stability.
这场纠纷可能会让澳大利亚劳资关系稳定这一来之不易的名声毁于一旦。

3.Nose to the grindstone 辛苦工作

You need to quit complaining and get to work. Put your nose to the grindstone!
你必须停止抱怨并开始工作!埋头苦干吧!

4.eclipse vt. 使黯然失色;形成蚀

Yet the doves are soon eclipsed in his book by Roosevelt.
不过在书中,罗斯福很快让鸽派人士黯然失色。

5.apartheid n. 种族隔离

He praised her role in the struggle against apartheid.
他称赞了她在反种族隔离制的斗争中发挥的重要作用。

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