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VOA常速英语新闻:科学家努力彻底根除疟疾(双语)

Lily85 于2013-05-20发布 l 已有人浏览
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在过去十年间,药物青蒿素将全球的疟疾死亡率降低了25%以上。但目前在东南亚,这种药物已经失效。世卫组织申英秀博士警告说,如果抗药性继续增强,将会产生严重问题。
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Artemisinin is a drug that has helped cut global malaria deaths by more than 25 percent over the past decade. But now, in parts of Southeast Asia, this drug no longer works. And the World Health Organization's Dr. Shin Young-Soo warns of serious setbacks if drug resistance continues to spread.
在过去十年间,药物青蒿素将全球的疟疾死亡率降低了25%以上。但目前在东南亚,这种药物已经失效。世卫组织申英秀博士警告说,如果抗药性继续增强,将会产生严重问题。

"The truth is, that malaria will beat us all unless we do more than what we are doing now, and we do it better," he said.
“实际情况是,除非我们采取更多办法,并做得更好,疟疾将打垮我们。”

Controlling malaria involves a range of strategies: using insecticidal bed nets to prevent mosquito bites, spraying insecticides, preventive treatment for children and pregnant women, and controlling or changing mosquitoes, or the malaria parasites they carry.
疟疾控制需要系列措施:使用防蚊虫床帐来预防蚊虫叮咬,喷洒杀虫剂,对儿童和孕妇进行预防,控制或改变蚊虫或者其携带的疟疾寄生虫。

The World Health Organization says that in the last 10 years, 20 countries have brought the disease under control. At a U.S. congressional hearing, Dr. Mark Dybul executive director of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, said the world is on course to end malaria.
世卫组织称在过去10年内,20个国家已经控制住了这种疾病。在国会听证会上, 全球对抗爱滋疟疾、结核病和疟疾基金的马克·戴布尔博士说,疟疾即将在全世界范围内被根除。

词汇解释

1.mosquito-borne adj. 蚊媒的

Most commonly, the mosquitoes involved are Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus, two species which can also transmit other mosquito-borne viruses, including dengue.
大多数情况下,此类蚊子为埃及伊蚊和白纹伊蚊,这两种蚊子也会传播其他病毒,包括登革病毒。

2.parasitic adj. 寄生的(等于parasitical)

Imperialism is monopolistic, parasitic and moribund capitalism.
帝国主义是垄断的、寄生的、垂死的资本主义。

3.insecticidal adj. 杀虫的;杀虫剂的

The insecticidal action must be considered doubtful.
这个杀虫作用是值得怀疑的。

4.insecticide n. 杀虫剂

As the plane sprayed the fruit trees the insecticide drizzled over the trees.
当飞机向果树喷洒农药时,杀虫剂像下毛毛雨似的洒落在果树上。

5.on course adv. 在规定的过程中;在航线上

The Northwest flight was steady on course, descending.
那架西北航空公司的飞机稳稳地在自己的航道上飞行,正在下降。

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