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VOA常速英语新闻:人类对全球水系统的影响(双语)

Lily85 于2013-05-21发布 l 已有人浏览
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科学家称人类开始对全球水系统造成重大破坏,一个新的地质时期由此开始了。他们警告说,1.1万年前只是冰川消退,现在可能开始整个地球范围的转变。科学家本周(5/21-24)与会德国波恩,商讨如何应对这个问题。
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Scientists say a new geologic epoch has begun whereby humans are causing major damage to global water systems. They warn of a planetary transformation comparable to the retreat of the glaciers more than 11,000 years ago. Scientists are meeting in Bonn, Germany this week (5/21-24) to discuss what can be done about it.
科学家称人类开始对全球水系统造成重大破坏,一个新的地质时期由此开始了。他们警告说,1.1万年前只是冰川消退,现在可能开始整个地球范围的转变。科学家本周(5/21-24)与会德国波恩,商讨如何应对这个问题。

While some still debate the extent to which humans have affected the environment, scientists meeting in Bonn have little doubt. In fact, there’s a name for the informal geologic epoch they say human activity has caused -- the Anthropocene. Scientists are now debating whether it should be officially included in the Geological Time Scale.
就在有的人仍在争论人类影响环境的程度之时,与会波恩的科学家们却没有怀疑。事实上,他们给这种人类活动引起的非正式地质时期起了个名字—“人类纪”。科学家正讨论是否应正式把这个时期列入地质年代表。

Anik Bhaduri is the executive officer of the Global Water Systems Project based in Bonn. “For nearly a decade the Global Water Systems Project has been coordinating and supporting the broad research to study the complex water systems with interactions between natural and human components. And what we found is human activity plays a very central role in inducing and influencing the changes in the global water systems.”
Anik Bhaduri是总部在波恩的全球水系统项目执行官,“近十年以来,全球水系统项目一直协调并支持就自然和人类对复杂水系统进行广泛的研究,我们发现,人类在全球水系统的变化中发挥着核心作用,引发并影响这种变化。”

词汇解释

1.epoch n. [地质] 世;新纪元;新时代;时间上的一点

The Renaissance was an epoch of unparalleled cultural achievement.
文艺复兴是一个文化上取得空前成就的时代。

2.planetary adj. 行星的

Within our own galaxy there are probably tens of thousands of planetary systems.
在我们自己的星系里可能有数以万计的行星系。

3.retreat n. 撤退;休息寓所;撤退

No retreat is allowed, only advance.
只许前进, 不许后退。

4.interaction n. 相互作用;[数] 交互作用;互动

The interaction of the two groups produced many good ideas.
两个组的相互交流产生了许多好主意。

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