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VOA常速英语新闻:专家表示破解网络犯罪难题仍需更多研究(双语)

Lily85 于2013-05-29发布 l 已有人浏览
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无论你是谁,不管你住在哪里,只要使用电脑,你都是网络犯罪分子的一个潜在目标。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

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It doesn't matter who you are or where you live.
无论你是谁,不管你住在哪里,

if you have access to a computer, you are a potential target for cyber criminals.
只要使用电脑,你都是网络犯罪分子的一个潜在目标。

And it's not just individuals at risk.
而且不只是个人承担风险。

Earlier this month,
本月早些时候,

U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of New York, Loretta Lynch,
美国纽约东区检察官洛雷塔·林奇,

charged 8 people for launching cyber attacks on foreign banks that could have netted $45 million.
指控8人使用网络攻击外国银行造成净亏损4500万美元的行为。

“This was a 21st century bank heist that reached through the Internet to span the globe.
“这是一种21世纪通过互联网遍布全球的银行抢劫。

But instead of guns and masks, this cybercrime organization used laptops and malware ,” Lynch said.
这一网络犯罪团伙使用笔记本电脑和恶意软件取代了枪支和面罩。”林奇说道。

Alan Edwards, president of the web security consulting firm Whitehorse Technology Solutions,
阿兰·爱德华兹是怀特霍斯技术解决方案网络安全顾问公司的主席,

says the foiled heist, and recent revelations that U.S. missile defense systems may have been breached by Chinese hackers, underscore the growing sophistication of cyber criminals.
他表示美国导弹防御系统的最近披露可能已经被中国黑客们攻破,他强调网络犯罪发展已经日渐成熟。

“They've changed from being 14 year-old geniuses who are bored, just trying to crash the system to cause trouble,
“坦白讲,他们已经从只是想系统崩溃引起麻烦的14岁无聊天才们,

to now organized crime, to government-sponsored, quite frankly,” Edwards said.
演变成现在受到政府资助的的有组织犯罪。”爱德华兹说道。

Edwards' company specializes in providing real time web traffic security and monitoring.
爱德华兹的公司专业提供实时网络流量安全与监控。

He says not everyone likes the added expense to pay for this until they realize a successful attack would cost much more.
他称不是每个人都喜欢支付额外费用来为这项服务买单,直到人们意识到一次成功的攻击将使他们破费更多才意识到其严重性。

“Unfortunately it's like car insurance or any other insurance.
“不幸的是这就像汽车保险或任何其他保险。

You really hate paying for it, until you have an accident,” Edwards said.
你真的讨厌为它买单,直到你出事故才意识到。”爱德华兹说道。

While beefed up network security is crucial criminology professor David Maimon, of the University of Maryland, says that's only half the solution.
在加强网络安全至关重要时,马里兰大学的犯罪学教授大卫·麦农表示那只是一半的解决方案。

“The way we're doing things right now in computer science, and in our attempt to solve this issue, is by simply focusing on the network and the computers.
“现在在计算机科学中我们正在做的事情,是我们试图通过简单地专注于网络和电脑解决这个问题。

And that would be the equivalent of a criminologist trying to figure out why an individual committed a crime by focusing on the gun or the door,” Maimon said.
这相当于一位刑事学家通过观察枪或门试图找出一个人的犯罪行为动机。”麦农说道。

Among Maimon's more controversial findings is the correlation between the number of foreign students logged into the college network and the frequency and origin of the cyber attacks.
麦农更具争议的结果之一是众多外国学生登录到大学网络与网络攻击频率和来源的相关性。

“In other words, what we find is that increasing the number of foreign students that arrive from specific countries increases the probability of our campus to receive attacks from those specific countries by around 40 percent,” Maimon said.
“换句话说,我们发现到的是随着来自特定国家越来越多的外国学生的增加,我们的校园受到那些特定国家攻击的概率增加约40%,“麦农说道。

Maimon says more research is needed,
麦农表示这仍然需要更多的研究,

but one explanation may be that foreign students are surfing compromised websites in their own countries giving hackers new pathways to exploit.
但一种解释可能是,外国学生们在他们自己的国家登陆被入侵网站赋予黑客利用的新途径。

Maimon's research hopes to break new ground by examining the motivations behind recent cyber attacks and how a potential victim's online behavior can enable or discourage future attacks.
通过检查最近的网络攻击背后的动机及潜在受害者的在线行为,麦农的研究希望能够为削弱或抑制未来的攻击开辟新天地。

词语解释

1.potential n.潜力;潜能

possible when the necessary conditions exist

These potential effects must be studied carefully.
这些潜在的影响必须仔细地加以研究。

2.individual n.个人;个体

a single person or thing, especially when compared to the group or set to which they belong

A teacher can't give individual attention to each pupil if his class is large.
如果班上的人数多,老师就不能给予个别辅导了。

3.heist n.强夺;抢劫

a crime in which valuable things are taken illegally and often violently from a place or person

There are some crime of heist and theft in this area.
这一地区发生了几起盗窃抢劫案件。

4.malware n.恶意软件

computer software that is designed to damage the way a computer works

Malware is short for malicious software.
恶意软件是短期的恶意软件。

5.controversial a.有争议的;引起争论的

causing disagreement or discussion

This is a controversial question.
这是个引起争论的问题。

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