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VOA常速英语新闻:研究者探索土著人的草本疗法(双语)

Lily85 于2013-05-31发布 l 已有人浏览
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登山者通常会探索天使国家森林的山麓小丘,但这群登山者来此的目的不同。他们在学习美洲土著人如何使用当地的植物来治病。
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Hikers often explore the foothills of the Angeles National Forest, but this group of hikers has a purpose. They are learning how Native Americans used the local vegetation in their healing.
登山者通常会探索天使国家森林的山麓小丘,但这群登山者来此的目的不同。他们在学习美洲土著人如何使用当地的植物来治病。

The hike is led by James Adams, who teaches pharmacology at the University of Southern California.
这群登山者的领队是詹姆斯·亚当斯,他在南加州大学教药物学。

“The science of pharmacology originally was the science of going out, talking to traditional healers, finding out which plants they used in their healing, and then taking those plants back to the lab to figure out why they work,” Adams said.
“药物学最初就是到野外去的科学,去和传统治疗师交流,找到他们用来治病的植物,然后将这些植物带回实验室来研究其药理。”

Aspirin, for example, was derived in the 19th century from salicylic acid, a long-time remedy for pains and fever found in plants like willow and meadowsweet.
比如,阿司匹林是19世纪从水杨酸提取出来的,长期以来这种药物被用来治愈疼痛和发烧,是在像柳树和绣线菊属植物这样的植物中提取出来的。

Adams says each society has developed a form of medicine based on plants.
亚当斯说每个社区都从植物中发展出来一种形式的医学。

He says, the Chumash people learned from experience which plants helped with specific ailments.
他说,柯玛斯人从经验中得知哪些植物可以帮助治疗某些专门的疾病。

“We have, of course, the sagebrush, which makes a very powerful pain-relieving liniment that I think we should all learn how to use, because it is much safer than the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents. It is much safer than the opioid drugs,” Adams said.
“蒿属植物可以起到很好的止痛搽剂的作用,我想每个人都应该学会使用,因为它比非甾体抗炎剂要安全得多,比鸦片类药物安全得多。”

词汇解释

1.pharmacology n. 药物学,药理学

She took up a post as research assistant in the Department of Pharmacology.
她在药物学系做研究助理。

2.healer n. 医治者(尤指用宗教迷信方式给人治病的人);治疗物;治病术士

Time may be a great healer , but it's a poor beautician .
时间也许是个高明的医师,但却是个蹩脚的美容师。

3.ailment n. 小病;不安

The pharmacist can assist you with the treatment of common ailments.
药剂师能帮你治疗一般的病痛。

4.anti-inflammatory adj. 抗炎的 n. 抗炎药

The doctor put me on anti-inflammatory drugs.
医生给我开了消炎药。

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