美国农民迎来丰收季节 关税问题引农民担忧

kira86 于2018-10-29发布 l 已有人浏览
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As Farmers Harvest, Tariff Concerns Loom

农民迎来丰收季节 关税问题引担忧

Among the mounting concerns, Illinois farmer Bob Gurkey is juggling.He is racing against the clock to harvest his corn and soybeans. Bob spends up to 14 hours a day in the fields. Biggest concern right now of harvesting that we don't get stuck and we get the crops out before Mother Nature throws snow at us. But his worries don't end there. The marketers' advice even this spring never was calling for soybeans to go down to this extreme but they weren't thinking there was going to be a tariff. Bob is talking about Chinese tariffs on US grain products,a retaliatory move after the United States slapped tariffs on Chinese steel and aluminum. It's brought down soybean prices as much as two dollars this year. That's a big deal for a farmer who's counting on that yield and that farm income.

伊利诺伊州农民鲍勃·古尔基在尽力应对日益增加的问题。 他在争分夺秒地收割玉米和大豆。鲍勃每天在田里工作14个小时。现在最大的问题是我们能在下雪之前把农作物收割完,收成不会受到影响。但他的担忧还不止于此。即使在今年春天,市场营销人员也从未建议将大豆价格下降到如此极端的水平,他们也没想到会有关税。鲍勃认为中国对美国谷物制品征收关税是美国对中国钢铁和铝加征关税后的一个报复性举动。这使得今年大豆价格下降了2美元。这对一个依靠产量和农场收入的农民来说是件大事。

Tamara Nelson, Senior Director of Commodities for the Illinois Farm Bureau is concerned. This is a fifth straight year of lower farm income I think the second lowest farm incomes since 2012. Nelson says news of a pending trade agreement between the US, Mexico and Canada to replace NAFTA so far isn't doing much to put farmers at ease. Whether or not that was achieved because of the tariff threats remains to be seen because the steel and aluminum tariffs still remain on Mexico and Canada and their retaliatory tariffs threatened against us still remain.


Farmer Bob Gurkey had hoped decades of negotiations and relationships in China would be paying off, reversing declining farm income by keeping one of the largest markets for US soybeans open.And we built trade up to where it was working. And now within a matter of six months,a lot of that has been knocked down maybe even devastated to where will it come back how long it's going to take to come back.The US Department of Agriculture's twelve billion dollar aid package was supposed to be a silver lining while it helps offset his lower soybean prices.


They're saying that we would get, I believe it's a dollar sixty a dollar sixty five a bushel.Gurkey says it doesn't help this corn, it's a penny.Well, why even bother if you're gonna give us a penny, that's more a paperwork than it's worth. And then then they're a package what they present two hundred million is for market development.It's like we had the market. Nice, that's that sort of a joke.Soybeans are still being sold around the world even if they might not be going to China.Sales to Europe and Argentina are up this year, so the question remains are the trade tactics adopted by President Trump and his administration ultimately working.


That's probably the sixty four thousand dollars question.I think if you ask most farmers right now, they'll say no; you ask them maybe a year from now, six months from now, it might change their mind. Six months from now, Gurkey himself will be in a very different mindset, shifting gears from harvesting his crops to planting seeds in the ground for a new growing season.A season he hopes is filled with more certainty.


Kane Farabaugh VOA news Elgin Illinois


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