英语听力

听力入门英语演讲VOA慢速英语美文听力教程英语新闻名校课程听力节目影视听力英语视频

每日英语听力: 汽车对人类生活的影响

kira86 于2021-01-29发布
增大字体 减小字体
每日英语听力训练Level 3,通过训练提高听力技能,拓宽知识面,口语也会说得更流利。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

Article #43 The Automobile, or Car

汽车

In many ways, the automobile has been one of the most important inventions of the modern age. People have been able to travel much more freely, and across much greater distances, than was possible in the past. The automobile, which most people refer to as the "car," has also had some harmful consequences, such as pollution and accidents.

在许多方面,汽车都是现代最重要的发明之一。与过去相比,人们已经能够更自由地旅行,跨越更大的距离。汽车(automobile),大多数人称为“汽车”(car),也有一些有害的后果,如污染和事故。

However, it is clear that life has changed profoundly as a result of the car.

然而,很明显,由于汽车的出现,生活发生了深刻的变化。

Modern cars are very complicated, but the basic idea of how a car works can be described briefly. When the keys are turned in the ignition of the car, this creates a spark that ignites some gasoline vapour inside a cylinder. Then, the rapid expansion of this vapour pushes against a part called a piston. The movement of the piston then causes a turning motion in a shaft that is connected to the wheels. The wheels turn, and the car moves.

现代汽车非常复杂,但汽车如何工作的基本概念可以简单地描述一下。当钥匙在汽车点火时,会产生火花,点燃气缸内的一些汽油蒸汽。然后,蒸汽的迅速膨胀推动一个叫做活塞的部分。活塞的运动导致连接在轮子上的轴的转动。轮子转动带动汽车开动。

The invention of the car, and the engines used by cars, happened gradually in the late nineteenth century, mainly in France and Germany. In the early twentieth century, an American engineer named Henry Ford developed a new way of making cars. Instead of having one worker produce an entire car, he had each worker perform one part of the production of many different cars. This system was very efficient and allowed the mass production of cars. The first car to be produced in large numbers was called the "Model T." The Model T Ford and other cars that were soon produced in large numbers were cheap enough that many people could afford to buy them. Many new roads were built and paved throughout North America to allow cars to be driven from town to town. People were able to travel much more easily and to visit places that had previously been difficult to reach.

汽车和汽车所用的发动机的发明是在19世纪末逐渐出现的,主要是在法国和德国。在二十世纪早期,一位名叫亨利·福特的美国工程师发明了一种制造汽车的新方法。他不是让一个工人生产一整辆汽车,而是让每个工人完成许多不同汽车生产的一部分。这个系统非常有效,能生产出大量汽车。第一辆大量生产的汽车叫做“t型车”。福特T型车和其他汽车很快量产,价格便宜到很多人都买得起。为了使汽车能从一个城镇开到另一个城镇,在整个北美地区修建和铺平了许多新的道路。人们可以更容易地旅行,参观以前难以到达的地方。

Some problems also came with the widespread use of cars. One of these problems was air pollution, because car engines burn gasoline, which produces poisonous exhaust fumes. Gradually, new laws and new technology have led to reductions in the air pollution that is caused by cars. Moreover, cars today are much more "fuel efficient" than they were in the past, requiring less gasoline to travel a given distance. However, this pollution is still a problem because of the many millions of cars that are used each day.

汽车的广泛使用也带来了一些问题。其中一个问题是空气污染,因为汽车发动机燃烧汽油,这会产生有毒的废气。新的法律和新技术逐渐减少了由汽车造成的空气污染。此外,今天的汽车比过去更“省油”,行驶一段距离所需的汽油更少。然而,这种污染仍然是一个问题,因为每天有数百万辆汽车在使用。

Another problem has been car accidents, which have caused many thousands of deaths each year. During the 1960s, some journalists brought attention to the unsafe features of many cars. As a result, the safety of cars has been greatly improved. In addition, the use of seat belts is now required by law. However, car accidents continue to be a serious problem.

另一个问题是车祸,每年会造成成千上万人死亡。20世纪60年代,一些记者注意到许多汽车的不安全特征。因此,汽车的安全性大大提高了。此外,现在法律要求使用安全带。然而,车祸仍然是一个严重的问题。

The future is likely to bring many interesting new changes to the car. Improvements in the safety of cars, in fuel efficiency, and in the cleanliness of car emissions are continuing to be made. Also, the increasing use of the car in economically developing countries will probably have important effects upon people's lives around the world.

未来很可能会给汽车带来许多有趣的新变化。汽车的安全性、燃料效率和汽车排放的清洁性正在继续得到改善。此外,在经济发展中国家汽车使用量的增加可能会对世界各地的人们的生活产生重要影响。

 1 2 下一页

分享到

微信订阅

听力入门排行